Verification And The Vienna Circle

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Verification is a way of looking at science which defined much of the 20th century in terms of technology. Though perfectly reasonable, it is quite the opposite when compared to Descartes. How can it be such a powerful way of thinking then?

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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Verification And The Vienna Circle

  1. 1. “The Vienna Circle”! Moritz Schlick! (1882 – 1936)
  2. 2. Rudolf Carnap! (1891 – 1970)! Kurt Gödel" (1906 – 1978)"
  3. 3. Bertrand Russell (1872 – 1970)! Ludwig Wittgenstein" (1989 – 1951)"
  4. 4. correspondence theory of truth! The truth of a proposition is determined by its correspondence with empirical phenomena, not by its relationship to other propositions."
  5. 5. coherence theory of truth! The truth of a proposition is determined by its relationship to other propositions, not by its correspondence with empirical phenomena."
  6. 6. coherence theory of truth:! “It is daytime between 11:00am and 6:00pm.”!
  7. 7. correspondence theory of truth:! “It is daytime because the sun is up.”!
  8. 8. Midnight in Sweden!
  9. 9. verification principle! A proposition is meaningful if its truth value is empirically verifiable."
  10. 10. “First it is empiricist and positivist: there is knowledge only from experience… This sets the limits for the context of legitimate science.”" Vienna Circle Manifesto!
  11. 11. “Everyone at this picnic is having fun.”"
  12. 12. “Everyone at this picnic is smiling.”"
  13. 13. “Second, the scientific world- conception is marked by the application of a certain method, namely logical analysis.”" Vienna Circle Manifesto!
  14. 14. “What is empirically impossible still remains conceivable, but what is logically impossible is contradictory, and cannot therefore be thought at all.”" Moritz Schlick," “Positivism and Realism”"
  15. 15. “There are five people at this picnic.”"
  16. 16. “There are five people at this picnic, and they are also not at this picnic.”"
  17. 17. “A proposition which is such that the world remains the same whether it be true or false simply says nothing about the world; it is empty and communicates nothing…”" Moritz Schlick," “Positivism and Realism”"
  18. 18. “There are four visible people and twelve invisible people at this picnic.”"
  19. 19. “There is a world.”"
  20. 20. “The world was created by a higher being who left no proof of his existence.”"
  21. 21. Vienna Circle vs. Descartes!

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