Prinman contingency approach

4,560 views
4,174 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,560
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
110
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Prinman contingency approach

  1. 1. management perspective:<br />Contingency approach<br />
  2. 2. thetechnical definitionof the word“contingency”<br />
  3. 3. dependence on chance or on the fulfillment of a condition; uncertainty; fortuitousness. <br />a contingent event; a chance, accident, or possibility conditional on something uncertain. <br />something incidental to a thing.<br />http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/contingency<br />contingency<br />
  4. 4. thinkers of the contingency approach<br />Fred Fiedler (1922- )<br />Joan Woodward (1916-1971)<br />James D. Thompson<br />
  5. 5. "Different technologies imposed different kinds of demands, and these demands had to met through an appropriate structure. Commercially successful firms seemed to be those in which function and form were complementary.”<br />--Joan Woodward<br />Organizational Sociology professor<br />
  6. 6. “Organizations that experience similar technological problems will engage in similar behavior.”<br />--James D. Thompson<br />
  7. 7. “Both low-LPC (task-oriented) and high-LPC (relationship-oriented) leaders can be effective if their leadership orientation fits the situation..”<br />--Fred Fiedler<br />business and management psychologist<br />
  8. 8. The Contingency Approach<br /><ul><li>The situational favorableness determined by:
  9. 9. Leader-Member Relations, referring to the degree of mutual trust, respect and confidence between the leader and the subordinates.
  10. 10. Task Structure, referring to the extent to which group tasks are clear and structured.
  11. 11. Leader Position Power, referring to the power inherent in the leader's position itself.</li></li></ul><li>The Least Preferred Coworker (LPC) Scale<br /> Unfriendly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Friendly<br />Uncooperative 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Cooperative<br /> Hostile 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Supportive<br /> .... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ....<br />Guarded 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Open<br />
  12. 12. Contingency Approach Overview<br /><ul><li> managers are faced with the task of determining which managerial approach is likely to be most effective in a given situation.</li></li></ul><li>Contingency Approach Overview<br /><ul><li>recognizes the need to understand situational differences and respond appropriately</li></li></ul><li>Contingency Approach Overview<br /><ul><li> recognition of the extreme importance of individual manager performance in any given situation</li></li></ul><li>Contingency Approach Overview<br /><ul><li>the effectiveness of various managerial practices, styles, techniques, and functions will vary according to the particular circumstances of the situation</li></li></ul><li>Contingency Approach Overview<br /><ul><li>In other words, it follows the “it depends” philosophy.</li></li></ul><li>
  13. 13. Examples ofcontingency plansin a company<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Credits:<br />http://www.introduction-to-management.24xls.com/en131<br />http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Contingency-School-of-Management.topicArticleId-8944,articleId-8854.html<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiedler_contingency_model<br />http://www.eurocontrol.int/ses/gallery/content/public/images/ses/contingency-process.jpg<br />

×