LITERARY DEVICESMr. Gregorio P. Ebron Jr. Instructor
FIGURES OF SPEECH a word or phrase which is usedfor special effect, and which does nothave its usual or literal meaning.
SIMILE-consists of comparing two unlike things usingthe words as or like.Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.
METAPHOR- -uses a direct comparison of two unlike things or ideas.- -the words as and like are not used Ex. She is phantom of delight.
PERSONIFICATION-gives human traits to inanimate objects or ideas.Ex. The wind whistled in my ears. Here rests his head upon the lap of earth A youth to Fortune and to Fame unknown: Fair science frowned not on his humble birth, And Melancholy marked him for her own.
APOSTROPHE- A direct address to someone absent, dead or inanimate. - Ex. Oh rose! Thou art sick. O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! Thou art the ruins of the noblest man That ever lived in the tide of times. Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!
METONYMY- It substitute a word that closely relates to aperson or thing. Ex. The pen is mightier than a sword. Lend me your ear. The power of the crown was mortally weakened. I’m studying Shakespeare.
I would not give up freedom for a crown.The captain abandoned the sword.
HYPERBOLE- Makes use of exaggeration Ex. There is a garden on her face. I am so hungry I could eat a horse. I have a million things to do. I had to walk 15 miles to school in thesnow, uphill.
IRONY- Says the opposite of what is meant - Ex. How nice of you to insult me. - Water, water, every where, And all the boards did shrink ; Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink
ALLUSION refers to anyliterary, biblical, historical, mythological, scientific event, character or place.Ex.1. Oh, don’t wash your hands and give the kiss of Judas.2. Be careful when accepting gift packages. They might turn out to be Trojan Horse.3. Perhaps Poseidon was with them for thesea was so calm when they had the cruise.
ANTITHESIS involves a contrast or words or ideas. opposition, or contrast of ideas or wordsin a balanced or parallel construction.Ex. They promised freedom and provided slavery. Not that I loved Caesar less, but that Iloved Rome more.
PARADOX uses a phrase or a statement that on surfaceseems contradictory that make some kind ofemotional sense.Ex. 1. Let us go to war of peace. 2. The war was no bad after all. 3. Parting is such a sweet sorrow. 4. Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bar a cage.
OXYMORON puts together in one statement twocontradictory terms.Why, then, O brawling love! O loving hate!O any thing, of nothing first create!O heavy lightness! serious vanity!Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming forms!Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sickhealth!Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!This love feel I, that feel no love in this.
ONOMATOPOEIA uses words having a sound that imitates whatit denotes. Ex. hiss, bang, buzz, hush, swoosh
ALLITERATION involves the repetition of initial consonantsound. Ex. Wicked and wan, threatening andthrong.
ASSONANCE uses repetition of vowels withoutrepetition of consonants, also called a vowelrhyme.Ex. Ring and hild, calano and platano.
CONSONANCE repeats the final consonant sounds alsocalled consonant rhyme Ex. Dreary and weary, odds and ends.
RHYME employs identical sound from the vowel ofthe accented syllables to the end. Ex. Hold, told, mold, gold
ANAPHORA repeats a word or words at the beginningof two or more successive clauses or verses. Ex. Cannon to the right of them/ Cannonto the left of them
Sonnet 116Let me not to the marriage of two mindsAdmit impediments. Love is not loveWhich alters when it alteration finds,Or bends with the remover to remove:O no! it is an ever fixed markThat looks on tempests and is never shaken;It is the star to every wandering barkWhose worth’s unknown, although his heightbe taken.
Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeksWithin his bending sickle’s compass come:Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,But bears it out even to the edge of doom.If this be error and upon me proved,I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
ASSIGNMENT1. Prepare for a quiz next meeting, June 21. Coverage: Aids to studying Literature Figures of Speech2. Read about the influential ancient books ofreligious and literary worth (The Bible, TheQuran, The Vedas)