Chapter 4: What Social Problems Affect Today's Students?

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(c) Cengage Learning …

(c) Cengage Learning
Chapter 4
Those Who Can, Teach! 12th ed
Ryan & Cooper

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  • 1. What Social Problems Affect Today’s Students? Chapter Four
  • 2. Risk Factors
    • Not living with two parents
    • Head of household is a high school dropout
    • Family income below poverty line
    • Parent(s) have no steady full-time employment
    • Family receiving welfare benefits
    • Child has no health insurance
  • 3. Child Poverty and Birth Circumstances
  • 4. Guidelines for Working With Diverse Families
    • Understand each child’s family situation.
    • Try to communicate with all adults who take care of a child.
    • Avoid curriculum materials or references that assume a traditional, two-parent family.
    • If possible, schedule conference and volunteer opportunities to fit schedules of working and single parents.
  • 5. Percentage of Children Under 18 Living in Poverty
  • 6. Poverty
    • Unemployment, minimum-wage jobs contribute to large poor population.
    • Many become homeless. Children may:
      • miss school
      • have social or adjustment problems
      • have academic problems; fall asleep
  • 7. Teachers, Schools & Poverty
    • Provide emotional support and advice to poor, homeless, or runaway students.
    • Report abused students.
    • Be aware of culture mismatches between middle-class schools and poor students.
      • “Hidden rules” of generational poverty
  • 8. Risks to Teen Parents
    • Poverty
      • Especially unmarried teen mothers
    • Interrupted or unfinished education
    • Premature babies
    • Stress of parenting and school or job
  • 9. Schools and Teen Pregnancy
    • Many schools provide:
    • Sex education, to prevent pregnancy & diseases
    • Help finding prenatal care
    • Parenting advice
    • Support for teen parents to stay in school
  • 10. Types of Sex Education
    • Abstinence
    • Teaches students to abstain from sex outside of marriage
    • Comprehensive
    • “ Abstinence plus” - Also encourages abstinence
    • Provides information on contraceptives & disease prevention
  • 11. Signs of Potential Child Abuse
    • Repeated injuries, such as bruises, welts, and burns
    • Neglected appearance, stealing food, difficulty staying awake, or poor hygiene
    • Sudden fall-off in academic performance
    • Disruptive behavior or passive, withdrawn behavior
    • Secret or furtive behavior when using the Internet
  • 12. Student Drug and Alcohol Use
  • 13. VIDEO CASE: Social and Emotional Development: The Influence of Peer Groups
  • 14. Suicide Warning Signs
    • Talking or writing about death, dying, or suicide
    • Seeking access to firearms or pills
    • Expressing rage or violent or rebellious behavior
    • Expressing no purpose in life or reason for living
    • Drug or alcohol abuse
    • Anxiety, agitation, or inability to sleep
  • 15. Suicide Warning Signs (Continued)
    • Dramatic mood changes
    • Persistent boredom, difficulty concentrating, or a decline in the quality of schoolwork
    • Acting reckless or engaging in risky behavior
    • Loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities
    • Withdrawing from friends or family
  • 16. Ways for Teachers to Reduce the Threat of School Violence
    • Establish common goals for the school and elicit commitment to these goals from teachers, students, and parents.
    • Establish a firm, fair, and consistent system for running the school.
    • Establish high expectations for the behavior and performance of students and staff.
    • Create a curriculum that supports the values of honesty, integrity, kindness, and respect for others.
  • 17. Ways for Teachers to Reduce the Threat of School Violence (continued)
    • Use a variety of security measures to keep intruders and weapons off school grounds.
    • Establish the school as neutral territory for students, control rumors, and squelch loitering and tardiness.
    • Create alternative schools for serious offenders.
    • Provide students and teachers with training in effective communication.
  • 18. VIDEO CASE: Social and Emotional Development: Understanding Adolescents
  • 19. Ways to Discourage Cheating
    • Don’t give the same test over and over again.
    • Separate students so they can’t see one another’s papers.
    • Make it clear to students that cheating is unacceptable and define in clear terms what constitutes cheating.
    • Establish an honor system using student input, so that students will be invested in the system.
    • Require students to sign a pledge that they have not received or given unauthorized aid on tests, papers, and assignments.
    • Forbid students from carrying electronic devices, such as PDAs and cell phones, when taking tests.
    • Institute character education programs that can help students to establish a moral compass.
  • 20. High School Graduation and Dropout Rates
    • Estimates of high school graduation rates range from 68 percent to 82 percent.
    • Dropout rates particularly high in urban areas and in schools with a larger proportion of students from low-income families.
    • Contributions to high dropout rates: poor grades, dislike for school, alienation from peers, marriage or pregnancy, employment, unrealistic expectations about the world of work.
    • Warning signs include increased absences, lethargy in completing work, and preoccupation with matters outside of school.
    • Discourage students from dropping out by showing interest and care and by talking to and encouraging them.