Chapter 4: What Social Problems Affect Today's Students?


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(c) Cengage Learning
Chapter 4
Those Who Can, Teach! 12th ed
Ryan & Cooper

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Chapter 4: What Social Problems Affect Today's Students?

  1. 1. What Social Problems Affect Today’s Students? Chapter Four
  2. 2. Risk Factors <ul><li>Not living with two parents </li></ul><ul><li>Head of household is a high school dropout </li></ul><ul><li>Family income below poverty line </li></ul><ul><li>Parent(s) have no steady full-time employment </li></ul><ul><li>Family receiving welfare benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Child has no health insurance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Child Poverty and Birth Circumstances
  4. 4. Guidelines for Working With Diverse Families <ul><li>Understand each child’s family situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to communicate with all adults who take care of a child. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid curriculum materials or references that assume a traditional, two-parent family. </li></ul><ul><li>If possible, schedule conference and volunteer opportunities to fit schedules of working and single parents. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Percentage of Children Under 18 Living in Poverty
  6. 6. Poverty <ul><li>Unemployment, minimum-wage jobs contribute to large poor population. </li></ul><ul><li>Many become homeless. Children may: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>miss school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have social or adjustment problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have academic problems; fall asleep </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Teachers, Schools & Poverty <ul><li>Provide emotional support and advice to poor, homeless, or runaway students. </li></ul><ul><li>Report abused students. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of culture mismatches between middle-class schools and poor students. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Hidden rules” of generational poverty </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Risks to Teen Parents <ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially unmarried teen mothers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interrupted or unfinished education </li></ul><ul><li>Premature babies </li></ul><ul><li>Stress of parenting and school or job </li></ul>
  9. 9. Schools and Teen Pregnancy <ul><li>Many schools provide: </li></ul><ul><li>Sex education, to prevent pregnancy & diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Help finding prenatal care </li></ul><ul><li>Parenting advice </li></ul><ul><li>Support for teen parents to stay in school </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Sex Education <ul><li>Abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>Teaches students to abstain from sex outside of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive </li></ul><ul><li>“ Abstinence plus” - Also encourages abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>Provides information on contraceptives & disease prevention </li></ul>
  11. 11. Signs of Potential Child Abuse <ul><li>Repeated injuries, such as bruises, welts, and burns </li></ul><ul><li>Neglected appearance, stealing food, difficulty staying awake, or poor hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden fall-off in academic performance </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive behavior or passive, withdrawn behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Secret or furtive behavior when using the Internet </li></ul>
  12. 12. Student Drug and Alcohol Use
  13. 13. VIDEO CASE: Social and Emotional Development: The Influence of Peer Groups
  14. 14. Suicide Warning Signs <ul><li>Talking or writing about death, dying, or suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking access to firearms or pills </li></ul><ul><li>Expressing rage or violent or rebellious behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Expressing no purpose in life or reason for living </li></ul><ul><li>Drug or alcohol abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety, agitation, or inability to sleep </li></ul>
  15. 15. Suicide Warning Signs (Continued) <ul><li>Dramatic mood changes </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent boredom, difficulty concentrating, or a decline in the quality of schoolwork </li></ul><ul><li>Acting reckless or engaging in risky behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawing from friends or family </li></ul>
  16. 16. Ways for Teachers to Reduce the Threat of School Violence <ul><li>Establish common goals for the school and elicit commitment to these goals from teachers, students, and parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a firm, fair, and consistent system for running the school. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish high expectations for the behavior and performance of students and staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a curriculum that supports the values of honesty, integrity, kindness, and respect for others. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ways for Teachers to Reduce the Threat of School Violence (continued) <ul><li>Use a variety of security measures to keep intruders and weapons off school grounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish the school as neutral territory for students, control rumors, and squelch loitering and tardiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Create alternative schools for serious offenders. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide students and teachers with training in effective communication. </li></ul>
  18. 18. VIDEO CASE: Social and Emotional Development: Understanding Adolescents
  19. 19. Ways to Discourage Cheating <ul><li>Don’t give the same test over and over again. </li></ul><ul><li>Separate students so they can’t see one another’s papers. </li></ul><ul><li>Make it clear to students that cheating is unacceptable and define in clear terms what constitutes cheating. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish an honor system using student input, so that students will be invested in the system. </li></ul><ul><li>Require students to sign a pledge that they have not received or given unauthorized aid on tests, papers, and assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Forbid students from carrying electronic devices, such as PDAs and cell phones, when taking tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Institute character education programs that can help students to establish a moral compass. </li></ul>
  20. 20. High School Graduation and Dropout Rates <ul><li>Estimates of high school graduation rates range from 68 percent to 82 percent. </li></ul><ul><li>Dropout rates particularly high in urban areas and in schools with a larger proportion of students from low-income families. </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions to high dropout rates: poor grades, dislike for school, alienation from peers, marriage or pregnancy, employment, unrealistic expectations about the world of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Warning signs include increased absences, lethargy in completing work, and preoccupation with matters outside of school. </li></ul><ul><li>Discourage students from dropping out by showing interest and care and by talking to and encouraging them. </li></ul>