Chapter 13: What Are Your Job Options in Education?


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(c) Cengage Learning
Chapter 13
Those Who Can, Teach! 12th ed
Ryan & Cooper

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Chapter 13: What Are Your Job Options in Education?

  1. 1. What Are Your Job Options in Education? Chapter Thirteen
  2. 2. Factors Influencing Teacher Supply and Demand <ul><li>Student Enrollment in Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Class Sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Enrollment in Teacher Education Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical Location </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Matter and Grade Levels Taught </li></ul><ul><li>Retiring Teachers, Teacher Turnover, and Returning Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Conditions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classroom Teachers in Public and Private Schools
  4. 4. Enrollment in Public and Private Schools
  5. 5. Employers Besides Public Schools <ul><li>Private schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% of U.S. students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12% of U.S. teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operates 222 elementary and secondary schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enroll approximately 102,600 students and employ about 8,800 teachers </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Percentage of Students Attending Various Kinds of Private Schools
  7. 7. Average Public School Teacher Salaries
  8. 8. Finding a Teaching Position <ul><li>Campaign actively </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching portfolio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credential file </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop interview skills </li></ul><ul><li>Determine job availability </li></ul><ul><li>Gain experience through substitute teaching </li></ul>
  9. 9. VIDEO CASE: The First Year of Teaching: One Colleague's Story
  10. 10. The Job Search: A Sequence of Planned Strategies PREPARE PAPER MATERIALS Credentials R ésumé Possible Letters of Inquiry and Application <ul><li>JOB VACANCIES THAT EXIST </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vacancy Bulletin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Contacts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>POTENTIAL JOBS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Define regions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get addresses of school districts in those areas </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Job Search (Continued) *If you get no reply to this letter send a follow-up letter of inquiry. <ul><li>Send letter of application. </li></ul><ul><li>Send r ésumé. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct your experience to that particular job. </li></ul><ul><li>Send a letter of inquiry.* </li></ul><ul><li>Sending a r ésumé is optional but facilitates describing your preparation. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete and return any application materials sent to you from the district. Send transcript if requested. </li></ul><ul><li>Send credentials if: </li></ul><ul><li>You are responding to an actual job you strongly want to be considered for. </li></ul><ul><li>The school district is a high priority one for you. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Job Search (Continued) Source : Jan E. Kilby, Job Search – A Sequence of Planned Strategies , The ASCUC Annual: a Job Search Handbook for Educators, 1987, p.9 PERSONAL CONTACT and/ or FOLLOW-UP LETTER If too much time elapses following application INTERVIEW PREPARATION INTERVIEW INTERVIEW FOLLOW-UP LETTER CONTRACT??
  13. 13. Traditional v. Alternative Licensure <ul><li>Traditional Licensure </li></ul><ul><li>Requires completion of approved teacher education program </li></ul><ul><li>PRAXIS or other teacher competency exam </li></ul><ul><li>In some states, background check, oath of allegiance, or health check </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Licensure </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of alternative programs, including Teach for America, Troops to Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Usually require a bachelor’s degree and/or experience in subject taught </li></ul><ul><li>May require an exam </li></ul>
  14. 14. Transferable Skills Acquired Through Teaching <ul><li>Planning and decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Working under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Conducting performance evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping records and organizing materials </li></ul><ul><li>Using technology </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal relations </li></ul><ul><li>Effective written and oral communications </li></ul><ul><li>Managing groups of people </li></ul>
  15. 15. Alternatives to Public School Teaching <ul><li>Other school occupations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian, counselor, school psychologist, supervisor, administrator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early childhood education/day care </li></ul><ul><li>Adult education </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation & leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Professional organizations </li></ul>