Infants, Toddlers & Caregivers Ch 13

Uploaded on

(c) McGraw-Hill 2012

(c) McGraw-Hill 2012

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Chapter 13: The Social EnvironmentMcGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2011 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Identity Formation• One facet of identity is self-concept. Self-concept comes from: – Body image – Cultural and gender identification• Self-concept is affected by: – The social environment 13-2
  • 3. Identity Formation• Self-image is a part of self-concept.• Self-image is interrelated with body awareness.• Caregivers should pay attention to children’s body awareness, including children with physical disabilities. 13-3
  • 4. Identity Formation• Attachment – The basis for high self-esteem is attachment. – Don’t assume you will naturally attach to every child. – Learn ways to develop attachment with a child you don’t immediately “hit it off” with. 13-4
  • 5. Identity Formation and Cultural Identity• Cultural identity is also part of self-concept.• The goal of multicultural education is to help children appreciate many cultures, including their own. 13-5
  • 6. Identity Formation and Cultural Identity• What is a multicultural, multilingual infant-toddler curriculum? – It is not rotating ethnic foods, music from many cultures, celebrating holidays, or posting pictures on the walls. – It is discussing caregiving practices with parents, dialoguing about cultural differences, and working towards resolving conflicts. 13-6
  • 7. Identity Formation and Gender Identity• Another part of self-concept is gender identity. – Most children are aware of their gender identity. – Adults have a profound influence on children’s ideas of how their gender behaves. 13-7
  • 8. Identity Formation and Gender Identity• To provide a broad definition of gender roles: – Treat girls and boys equally. – Model expanded gender roles. – Avoid exposing children to messages that teach narrow gender roles. – Avoid linking occupations to gender. 13-8
  • 9. Identity Formation and Discipline• Self-concept and discipline – The way you guide and manage behavior can affect children’s feelings about themselves. – Be persistent when setting and enforcing limits for children. – When you enforce limits, avoid shaming, blaming, belittling, or criticizing children. 13-9
  • 10. Identity Formation and Discipline• Self-concept and discipline – Don’t punish or scold – Define unacceptable behavior – No single approach works for all children 13-10
  • 11. Identity Formation and Discipline• Self-concept and discipline – One effective way to guide behavior is by using redirection. How is redirection different from distraction? 13-11
  • 12. Identity Formation and Behavior• 6 ways to change behavior in toddlers – Teach socially acceptable behavior through modeling – Ignore the behavior you want to see change – Pay attention to behavior that is socially acceptable – Restructure the situation – Prevent harmful behavior from happening – Redirect the energy when appropriate 13-12
  • 13. Identity Formation and Time Out• What about time out? – Time out is controversial. – Some caregivers use time out because they have no other methods of guiding behavior. – Some toddlers may benefit from moving to a quieter place for a short time. 13-13
  • 14. Identity Formation and Time Out• Time out should not: – Be used to confine children for breaking a rule. – Be used without awareness of cultural notions of individuality. • Is time out an extreme form of punishment in the child’s culture? 13-14
  • 15. Identity Formation and CulturalAwareness• Cultural awareness: – Be aware of perspectives relating to notions of authority. – Understand how a culture views inner control vs. external control. 13-15
  • 16. Identity Formation and You• Model self-esteem by taking care of yourself. – Take care of your needs. – Learn to be assertive when appropriate. – Learn conflict management. – Find ways to be proud of the importance of your job. 13-16
  • 17. Identity Formation and You 13-17
  • 18. Online Learning Center• See Chapter 13 of the text’s Online Learning Center for chapter quizzes, Theory Into Action activities, Video Observations, and more. 13-18