Human Exceptionality Chapter 1


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by Michael Hardman
(c) Cengage Learning 2010

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Human Exceptionality Chapter 1

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING EXCEPTIONALITIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 1How have societal views on people with disabilities changed from widespread discrimination to a new era of inclusion and support in the 21st century?Focus 2What is the Americans with Disabilities Act?Focus 3Why do we label people? ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 4Identify three approaches to describe human differences.Focus 5Describe the role of health care, psychology, and social services professionals in meeting the needs of people with disabilities.Focus 6What services and supports must be available to ensure a bright future for people with disabilities? ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. CASE STUDY: SARINA Labels and diagnoses Transitional phase of her life/service delivery Spent most of her life in large institution Now in her late 30s Supported living program Goals Opportunities Supports needed ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. DISABILITY Throughout history, people perceived as different have been vulnerable to such practices as infanticide, slavery, physical abuse, and abandonment. Twentieth century marked by contradictions in formal and natural supports Parental Involvement ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. DISABILITIES ACT (ADA)• Amendment to the Vocational Rehabilitation Act that included a provision prohibiting discrimination against persons with disabilities in federally assisted programs and activities.  Section 504 of the Act stated that “No otherwise qualified person with a disability…shall, solely on the basis of disability, be denied access to, or the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity provided by any entity/institution that receives federal financial assistance.” ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. DISABILITY Having a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits him or her in some major life activity, and having experienced discrimination resulting from this physical or mental impairment ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. INTENT OF THE ADA The intent of ADA is to create a “fair and level playing field” for all eligible persons with disabilities.  To do so the law specifies that reasonable accommodations need to be made that take into account each person’s need resulting from his or her disabilities. ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. ADA Employment Transportation Public accommodations Government Telecommunications ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. DESCRIBING PEOPLE WITHDIFFERENCES A process called labeling is used by every society to identify people who differ significantly from the accepted norm. Common Terminology  Disorder  Disability  Handicap  Exceptional Cengage Learning. ©2011 All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. DESCRIBING PEOPLE WITHDIFFERENCES When Someone Doesn’t Conform to the Norm:  Developmental Approach  Cultural Approach  Self-labeling ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  12. 12. DESCRIBING PEOPLE WITHDIFFERENCES The Effects of Being Labeled:  Separating the Person and the Label  Environmental Bias ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  13. 13. AND RESPONSIBILITIES The Role of Health Care Professionals The Role of Psychologists The Role of Social Service Professionals ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. LOOKING TO A BRIGHT FUTURE Community based support Development of natural communities of support Formal supports being delivered in the context of community access and participation ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.