Chapter 10: Early Childhood Assessment

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Early Childhood Education: Learning Together …

Early Childhood Education: Learning Together
by Virginia Casper and Rachel Theilheimer
(c)2009 McGraw-Hill Publishing

More in: Education
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  • 1. Chapter 10: Early Childhood Assessment Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 2. Assessment and Evaluation
    • Assessment refers to the methods of gathering, analyzing, and interpreting information
    • Evaluation refers to using the data collected in an assessment to inform our judgments and decisions
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 3. Types of Assessment
    • Formative assessment provides feedback during or prior to the completion of a study
    • Summative assessment provides feedback at the conclusion of the study
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 4. Play-Based Assessment
    • An approach that uses play activities with peers and adults in a natural setting to observe a child’s behavior
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 5. Interpretation and Hypotheses
    • Interpretation is the search for meaning among isolated pieces of evidence
    • Hypothesis is an educated guess about an event or problem
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 6. Types of Assessment
    • Performance-based
      • Based on progress of individual child
    • Criterion-based
      • Compares child individually or to other children against preset criteria
    • Norm-referenced
      • Compares child’s performance to performance of children all over
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 7. Goals and Objectives
    • Goals are broad and address what a teacher hopes their children can accomplish
    • Objectives are more specific and provide means to achieving goals
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 8. Assessments from Birth to Three
    • Apgar
    • Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale
    • Ages and Stages Questionnaire
    • The Ounce Scale
    • Bayley Scale of Infant Development
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 9. Rubric
    • A chart with categories used to break down the learning components of state standards or other learning goals and objectives
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 10. Metacognition
    • Child’s ability to think about how he or she thinks and learns
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 11. Case Study Method
    • A method which uses detailed description of a child’s learning and teacher’s strategies over time
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 12. Meta-Thinking
    • The ability of a child to reflect on what that child’s body of work is like as a whole, an important executive function
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 13. Portfolios
    • Used to document, evaluate, and make recommendations for a student over the course of a year
    • Can come in many shapes and sizes
    • Are an excellent source of information for both students and parents
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 14. Artifacts
    • Pieces of work often included as part of a student’s portfolio
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 15. Goals for Good Start, Grow Smart
    • To improve Head Start
    • To provide educational information to teachers and parents
    • To encourage states to develop early learning standards for all preschool learners
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 16. Accountability
    • Accomplishing what one set out to achieve
    • Due to increasing demands of accountability, student learning is now a High Stakes Issue
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  • 17. Communicating Assessment Results
    • Narrative reporting : a written description of the child’s behaviors that includes observations, assessments, and recommendations
    Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York