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minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
minimum wages act 1948
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minimum wages act 1948

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  • 1. The Minimum Wages Act 1948
  • 2. Introduction <ul><li>Passed in 1948 to secure the welfare of the unorganized workers in certain industries by fixing the minimum rates of wages. </li></ul><ul><li>The act empowers the appropriate Government for fixation of minimum wages in employments enumerated in the schedule of the act. </li></ul><ul><li>The fixation of minimum of wages relates to the industries where sweated labor is most prevalent or where there is inevitable chance of exploitation. </li></ul>
  • 3. Broad Features of the Act <ul><li>1. The act lays down the principles for fixation of : </li></ul><ul><li>A minimum time rate of wages </li></ul><ul><li>A minimum piece rate </li></ul><ul><li>A guaranteed time rate </li></ul><ul><li>An overtime rate for different occupations, localities or classes of work and for adults, adolescents, children and apprentices. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The minimum wages may consist of: </li></ul><ul><li>A basic rate of wages and a cost of living of allowances </li></ul><ul><li>A basic rate of wages with or without the cost of living allowance and the cash value of the concessions in respect of essential commodities supplied at concessional rates. </li></ul>
  • 4. Terms <ul><li>Adult, Adolescents and child. [Sec 2(a)] </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate Government [Sec 2(b)] </li></ul><ul><li>Competent Authority [Sec 2(c)] </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of living index Number [Sec 2(d)] </li></ul><ul><li>Employer [Sec 2(e)] </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled Employment [Sec 2(g)] </li></ul><ul><li>Wages [Sec 2(h)] </li></ul><ul><li>Employee [Sec 2(i)] </li></ul>
  • 5. Authorized Deduction <ul><li>The wages shall be paid without deduction of any kind expect those allowed by rules and notifications. </li></ul><ul><li>The deductions are: </li></ul><ul><li>fines, </li></ul><ul><li>Deduction for absence from duty, </li></ul><ul><li>Deduction for damage or loss caused on a/c of the neglect, </li></ul><ul><li>Deduction for house accommodation and amenities, </li></ul><ul><li>Deduction of income tax payable by the employee, </li></ul><ul><li>Provident fund subscription. </li></ul>
  • 6. Continue… <ul><li>Payment to recovery society or life insurance premium, </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery or adjustment of excess wage paid under mistake, </li></ul><ul><li>Deduction made with the written consent of the employee, for the purchase of government securities etc.,.. </li></ul>
  • 7. Procedure for Fixation and Revision of Minimum Rate of Wages.. <ul><li>Under sec 5,appiont as many </li></ul><ul><li>committees and sub-committees necessary to hold enquiries, </li></ul><ul><li>By notification in the Official Gazette publish its proposals for the information of persons affected. </li></ul><ul><li>After considering the advice of the said committee on the representations, the appropriate Government will by notification in the Gazette fix or revise the minimum rates of wages. </li></ul>
  • 8. Payment of Minimum Wages.. <ul><li>Wages in kind(sec.11)- minimum wages under this Act must be paid in cash. but this section authorized the payment of minimum wages in kind. </li></ul><ul><li>Custom to pay wages wholly or partly in kind. </li></ul><ul><li>Authorization must be made by notification in the Official Gazette. </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of essential commodities at confessionals rates. </li></ul>
  • 9. Payment of Minimum Rates of Wages (sec 12)… <ul><li>This section provides that where minimum wages have been in force in any scheduled employment, the employer shall pay wages to every employee engaged in such employment at a rate not less than the minimum rate of wages fixed under sec 5. </li></ul><ul><li>The wages shall be paid to him without deduction of any kind. </li></ul>
  • 10. wages for overtime (sec14) <ul><li>When workers works for more then nine hrs or for 48 hrs in any week . </li></ul>
  • 11. Wages for less than the normal working day(sec15) <ul><li>Where his failure of work is caused by his unwiilingness to work &amp;not by omision of the employer . </li></ul>
  • 12. Wages for two or more classes of work (sec16) <ul><li>Where to each employee a different mimimum rate of wages is applicable </li></ul>
  • 13. Minimium time rate wages for piece work (sec17) <ul><li>Employer shall pay to such an employee wages at not less than the minimum time rate . </li></ul>
  • 14. Maintenance of registers &amp;records (sec18) <ul><li>Registers shall give particulars of employess by him. </li></ul><ul><li>Work performed by them . </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime work </li></ul><ul><li>Gross wages ,deductions made etc </li></ul>
  • 15. Penalties(sec22) <ul><li>An employer who pays to any employee less than the prescribed minimium rate of wages or infringes may b punished . </li></ul><ul><li>Upto a time period of six months. </li></ul><ul><li>With fine upto 500 Rs or witrgh both of them. </li></ul>
  • 16. Application of minimum rates of wages (part-1) <ul><li>Employment in any woollen carpet making or shawl weaving establishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Employment in china clay mines . </li></ul><ul><li>Employment in any local authority. </li></ul>
  • 17. Con…(part-2) <ul><li>Employment in agriculture ,that is to say,in any form of farming,including the cultivation &amp;tillage of the soil etc …. </li></ul>

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