0
Open democracy with
open data
Irina Bolychevsky
@shevski

@shevski

okfn.org
We are a global network using advocacy and
technology to open up knowledge and see it used
to empower citizens and organiz...
@shevski

okfn.org
Working groups

@shevski

okfn.org
Building an open, inclusive,
fair, democratic
government with open
data

@shevski

okfn.org
1: Open by default
What does this mean?
Why does it matter?
Example?

@shevski

okfn.org
opendefinition.org

A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use,
reuse, and redistribute it — subject only...
Reusability process
Step 1: get the data openly licensed
Step 2: make it accessible - metadata, formats,
machine readabili...
Obama: open and machine readable

@shevski

okfn.org
2. Licencing
Clear, standard default licences
are important
Legal guarantee for reuse
http://br.okfn.org/2013/08/28/dados-...
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/2/

@shevski

okfn.org
3: Publish unpublished datasets
Registry of what exists
● participation
● see what people want
● building in transparent
p...
data.gov.uk case study

@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
4: Engagement
Data Journalism
Civil Society
Ask for help

@shevski

okfn.org
DataJournalismHandbook.org
● Free online - with Spanish, Russian
and French versions
● What is Data Journalism? Why is it
...
@shevski

okfn.org
index.okfn.org

@shevski

okfn.org
http://project-open-data.github.io/

@shevski

okfn.org
http://data.gov.uk/odug

@shevski

okfn.org
5: Open Data Portal
Central registry
Local / regional
Federation
New extensions
Engagement
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
CKAN - open source data publishing
1. search and discoverability for re-users of data
2. data management tools for publish...
Online home for data
Central keyword search
Facet by tags, location, format, licence, publishing
department
Browse by grou...
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
Data Management for Publishers
Easily store and update metadata records
Workflow and approval
Fine grained authorization c...
Add and edit dataset metadata

@shevski

okfn.org
Authorisation & access control

@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
Stats & analytics
CKAN comes with inbuilt stats + integration with Google Analytics
Includes dataset counts, download coun...
Link checker and 5 star ratings

@shevski

okfn.org
Sophisticated geospatial capabilities

@shevski

okfn.org
Geo-Search: Filter by location / draw bounding box
WMS previews
Plotting GeoJSON / Longitude & Latitude in tabular data

S...
Harvesting and normalization
Get metadata from external catalogs and endpoints
CKAN will parse, validate and normalise to ...
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
Federation
Search across catalogs in aggregator sites (such
as publicdata.eu)
Data Catalog Interoperability Protocol: http...
anyone can publish

official accounts are
promoted

fork this dataset if you
want to improve it
vote and raise the
dataset search ranking

promote your reuse
cases
@shevski

okfn.org
ckan.org/instances/

@shevski

okfn.org
6: Three step plan for reusable data
1. Use the data you publish
2. Publish the schema
3. Standardise

@shevski

okfn.org
7: Spending & procurement
Where does my money go?
Open Spending
Procurement

@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
8: Company register
Identity list
Tax evasion
Numerous sub-owned
companies

@shevski

okfn.org
@shevski

okfn.org
OpenCorporates.com

http://opencorporates.com/viz/financial/index.html

@shevski

okfn.org
9: Open Data vs My Data
Personal data is not open data
It can become open data if
transformed or released by
individuals
h...
10: Privacy & tackling surveillance
Open internet
● open source
● open protocols

@shevski

okfn.org
Evidence

@shevski

okfn.org
Finnish geo data study
SME's grow 15% more w/ free geo data as
opposed to paid data. Effect visible after 1yr,
stronger af...
EU Commission Research
Open Gov Data in EU would increase business activity of €40bn
Indirect benefits (people who use tho...
Spanish Study

+5000 jobs from PSI re-use
Details and Source (2011)
Details and Source (2012)

@shevski

okfn.org
Addressing Data in Denmark
Releasing as Open Data in Denmark in 2002 gave E62m
benefits 2005-2009 against E2M cost 2002-20...
Bus Stops in the UK
UK released data on location of 300,000 busstops; Community (Open Street Map) corrected
18,000 of them...
Canadian Tax Status Misuse
Open Data exposed CAN$3.2bn misuse of
charitable status in tax code in Canada
http://eaves.ca/2...
UK: Reduced Mortality for Heart Surgery
In 2004, the UK heart surgeon Sir Bruce Keogh persuaded his
colleagues (there are ...
Uganda - School Funding and Transparency
Amount of money reaching schools 20% -> 90%
Some controversy as to causal pathway...
Questions, comments,
discussion!
Thank you
Irina Bolychevsky
@shevski

okfn.org
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Building an open democracy with open data +

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The slides for the keynote talk I presented at http://2.encontro.dados.gov.br/encontro.html the 2nd National Open Data Meetup in Brazil.
Talking about open data, open government and how opening data in and of itself won't be a magic solution - we need open processes and an engaged civil society and media sector. Some steps and some challenges. Distinction between person data and open data, how to keep the internet open etc

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Transcript of "Building an open democracy with open data + "

  1. 1. Open democracy with open data Irina Bolychevsky @shevski @shevski okfn.org
  2. 2. We are a global network using advocacy and technology to open up knowledge and see it used to empower citizens and organizations to drive positive change @shevski okfn.org
  3. 3. @shevski okfn.org
  4. 4. Working groups @shevski okfn.org
  5. 5. Building an open, inclusive, fair, democratic government with open data @shevski okfn.org
  6. 6. 1: Open by default What does this mean? Why does it matter? Example? @shevski okfn.org
  7. 7. opendefinition.org A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and share-alike. @shevski okfn.org
  8. 8. Reusability process Step 1: get the data openly licensed Step 2: make it accessible - metadata, formats, machine readability, portal (ckan.org) Step 3: start building, linking and turning data into something more - information @shevski okfn.org
  9. 9. Obama: open and machine readable @shevski okfn.org
  10. 10. 2. Licencing Clear, standard default licences are important Legal guarantee for reuse http://br.okfn.org/2013/08/28/dados-meio-abertos-sobre-o-uso-ereuso-dos-dados-governamentais-brasileiros/ @shevski okfn.org
  11. 11. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/2/ @shevski okfn.org
  12. 12. 3: Publish unpublished datasets Registry of what exists ● participation ● see what people want ● building in transparent process @shevski okfn.org
  13. 13. data.gov.uk case study @shevski okfn.org
  14. 14. @shevski okfn.org
  15. 15. 4: Engagement Data Journalism Civil Society Ask for help @shevski okfn.org
  16. 16. DataJournalismHandbook.org ● Free online - with Spanish, Russian and French versions ● What is Data Journalism? Why is it Important? ● Numerous case studies: BBC, Guardian Datablog, Zeit Online.. ● How to get, transform, understand & visualise / deliver data @shevski okfn.org
  17. 17. @shevski okfn.org
  18. 18. index.okfn.org @shevski okfn.org
  19. 19. http://project-open-data.github.io/ @shevski okfn.org
  20. 20. http://data.gov.uk/odug @shevski okfn.org
  21. 21. 5: Open Data Portal Central registry Local / regional Federation New extensions Engagement @shevski okfn.org
  22. 22. @shevski okfn.org
  23. 23. CKAN - open source data publishing 1. search and discoverability for re-users of data 2. data management tools for publishers @shevski okfn.org
  24. 24. Online home for data Central keyword search Facet by tags, location, format, licence, publishing department Browse by groups, keywords, publishers Standardized interface for viewing Link to datasets or data directly Previews and data exploration where possible @shevski okfn.org
  25. 25. @shevski okfn.org
  26. 26. @shevski okfn.org
  27. 27. @shevski okfn.org
  28. 28. Data Management for Publishers Easily store and update metadata records Workflow and approval Fine grained authorization controls Broken link reports Download and view counts @shevski okfn.org
  29. 29. Add and edit dataset metadata @shevski okfn.org
  30. 30. Authorisation & access control @shevski okfn.org
  31. 31. @shevski okfn.org
  32. 32. Stats & analytics CKAN comes with inbuilt stats + integration with Google Analytics Includes dataset counts, download counts + reports @shevski okfn.org
  33. 33. Link checker and 5 star ratings @shevski okfn.org
  34. 34. Sophisticated geospatial capabilities @shevski okfn.org
  35. 35. Geo-Search: Filter by location / draw bounding box WMS previews Plotting GeoJSON / Longitude & Latitude in tabular data Support for: ● INSPIRE ● GEMINI 2.1 ● CSW ● ISO 19139 @shevski okfn.org
  36. 36. Harvesting and normalization Get metadata from external catalogs and endpoints CKAN will parse, validate and normalise to create metadata records that look the same to end users no matter where they came from We can currently harvest: other CKAN catalogs, CSW endpoints and WAFs serving ISO 19139 documents @shevski okfn.org
  37. 37. @shevski okfn.org
  38. 38. @shevski okfn.org
  39. 39. Federation Search across catalogs in aggregator sites (such as publicdata.eu) Data Catalog Interoperability Protocol: http: //spec.datacatalogs.org/ @shevski okfn.org
  40. 40. anyone can publish official accounts are promoted fork this dataset if you want to improve it
  41. 41. vote and raise the dataset search ranking promote your reuse cases
  42. 42. @shevski okfn.org
  43. 43. ckan.org/instances/ @shevski okfn.org
  44. 44. 6: Three step plan for reusable data 1. Use the data you publish 2. Publish the schema 3. Standardise @shevski okfn.org
  45. 45. 7: Spending & procurement Where does my money go? Open Spending Procurement @shevski okfn.org
  46. 46. @shevski okfn.org
  47. 47. @shevski okfn.org
  48. 48. @shevski okfn.org
  49. 49. @shevski okfn.org
  50. 50. @shevski okfn.org
  51. 51. 8: Company register Identity list Tax evasion Numerous sub-owned companies @shevski okfn.org
  52. 52. @shevski okfn.org
  53. 53. OpenCorporates.com http://opencorporates.com/viz/financial/index.html @shevski okfn.org
  54. 54. 9: Open Data vs My Data Personal data is not open data It can become open data if transformed or released by individuals http://blog.okfn.org/2013/02/22/open-data-my-data/ @shevski okfn.org
  55. 55. 10: Privacy & tackling surveillance Open internet ● open source ● open protocols @shevski okfn.org
  56. 56. Evidence @shevski okfn.org
  57. 57. Finnish geo data study SME's grow 15% more w/ free geo data as opposed to paid data. Effect visible after 1yr, stronger after 2yrs. http://epsiplatform.eu/content/finnish-studypsi-pricing-geo-data @shevski okfn.org
  58. 58. EU Commission Research Open Gov Data in EU would increase business activity of €40bn Indirect benefits (people who use those services) up to €140bn per year (0.7% of GDP) Source Details (Vickery study) Deloitte Study: 10x-100x increase in usage from opening up data (7 case studies) - not about the price as much as reduction in transaction costs Source Details @shevski okfn.org
  59. 59. Spanish Study +5000 jobs from PSI re-use Details and Source (2011) Details and Source (2012) @shevski okfn.org
  60. 60. Addressing Data in Denmark Releasing as Open Data in Denmark in 2002 gave E62m benefits 2005-2009 against E2M cost 2002-2009, ROI in 2010: E14M benefit against .2M cost. http://www.adresse-info. dk/Portals/2/Benefit/Value_Assessment_Danish_Address_Data_UK_2010-0707b.pdf http://epsiplatform.eu/content/value-danish-address-data @shevski okfn.org
  61. 61. Bus Stops in the UK UK released data on location of 300,000 busstops; Community (Open Street Map) corrected 18,000 of them, improving official data accuracy @shevski okfn.org
  62. 62. Canadian Tax Status Misuse Open Data exposed CAN$3.2bn misuse of charitable status in tax code in Canada http://eaves.ca/2010/04/14/case-study-opendata-and-the-public-purse/ @shevski okfn.org
  63. 63. UK: Reduced Mortality for Heart Surgery In 2004, the UK heart surgeon Sir Bruce Keogh persuaded his colleagues (there are 240 heart surgeons in the English NHS) to publish comparable data on their individual clinical outcomes – a global first. 7 years later, dramatic improvements in survival rates are reported – in some procedures, more than a third of patients are living when they might previously have died; in all, there are 1,000 fewer deaths in English heart surgery units each year than there were. Source: Tim Kelsey @shevski okfn.org
  64. 64. Uganda - School Funding and Transparency Amount of money reaching schools 20% -> 90% Some controversy as to causal pathway http://www.cgdev.org/files/15050_file_Uganda.pdf @shevski okfn.org
  65. 65. Questions, comments, discussion! Thank you Irina Bolychevsky @shevski okfn.org
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