Department Of Textile Engineering
I/A 251,252 Tejgaon Dhaka Bangladesh
Introduction:- Technical Textiles are defined as
comprising all those textile based products which
are used principally for their performance or
functional characteristics rather than for this
aesthetic or are used for non consumer
According to the industry some
technical Textile are given by below:-
1. AGRO TEXTILE
Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry & Fishing segments are
called agro textile.
Some applications of the agro textiles are given by below:
For layer separation.
In green house cover effects.
In nets for plants.
As sun screens.
As packing materials for storing grass.
Anti birds nets.
Materials for ground & plant water management.
2. CLOTHING TEXTILE
Clothtech includes the technical components of
clothing. It has some important properties, such
as, High resistance to temperature, High
absorbency, Durability, Water proof, Pressure &
other extreme condition.
Some applications of the clothing textiles are given
by below: In shoe components like shoe laces.
For insulation & structures like interlining.
Sewing products like sewing threads, labels,
fasteners (Zips, Velcro)
3. ECO TEXTILE
Promote new innovations, In an eco friendly manner
OEKTECH is the term used for technical Textiles that are used for
Some features of eco textiles are given by below: They utilize ecologically grown fibres.
They are processed with leas drainaging inputs.
The processing units are equipped with good sewage treated.
Some applications of the eco textiles are given by below:
Textile drainage systems.
Textiles for protection against hazardous substances.
Textile noise barrier systems.
Erosion prevention systems.
4. GEO TEXTILE
A geo textile can be defined as; Penneable geo synthetic comprised
solely of Textiles Geo textiles are extensively used with; Soil,
Rock, Earth or any other geo technical Engineering material.
Geo Textiles has three basic function & they are given by below:i.
Some applications of the geo textiles are given by below:o
Roadways parking tots, loading areas & construction sites.
Prevent drainage systems.
Filtration, protection & separation function.
For water way erosion control.
Reduce soil piping & embankment erosion.
Prevention of weed growth.
Moisture conservation for horticulture.
5. HOME TEXTILE
A direct upon all sorts of consumer textile markets, including both
clothing & furnishing these are called home textile.
Some applications of the home textiles are given by below: Woven & knit wipes.
Platform cloth (used in famishing).
Dust cloth fabrics.
Skirt linings & other fabrics (for used in furnishing).
Sewing thread are used in furnishing & house hold textile.
Bed sheet, Bed cover.
6. INDUSTRIAL TEXTILE
INDUTECH is the name given to textiles that are used for divers
applications like filtration, conveying & cleaning etc.
Some applications of the industrial textiles are given by below:
Dry & wet filtration.
Needle punched felt.
Open weave fabric.
Drive belts conveyors.
Loop & eye fastenings.
Basic fabrics for coating.
Fusing threads & rods.
Fire retardant fabrics.
Heat resistance fibres/yarns.
Coated & extra dual yarns.
Yarns for composites.
High tenacity yarns.
7. MEDICAL TEXTILE
A general term which describes a textile structure which has
been designed & produced for use in any of a variefy of
medical applications including implantable application.
Some applications of the medical textiles are given by below:i.
Implantable products:- Soft tissue implants, Artifical
tendon, Artifical cartilage, Artifical ligament, Orthopedics
implants artificial joints, Heart valves.
Non implantable:- For wound care that includes
absorbent pad (wound contract layer, base material
viscose, plastic film) & bandages (simple elastic/inelastic,
orthopedic, plastics, gauges, lint, padding).
Healthcare/Hygiene products:- Include bedding, clothing,
surgical gown clothes, filters bandages, support &
protective materials, surgical suture etc.
Extra corporeal device:- Artificial kidney, Liver & lungs.
8. PACKAGING TEXTILE
Sacks & bags made of traditional jute, cotton or natural fiber are
gradually casting way for modern synthetic fibers. These
technical textile are used in packaging & subsequent
transportation are called “PACKETCH”.
Some applications of the packaging textiles are given by
below: FIBC big bags.
Sacks for storages.
Twine & String.
Non-paper tea bags.
Food Soaker pads.
Net packaging for storing.
9. PROTECTIVE TEXTILE
It is the new range of chemicals & fabrics being used by the
armed forces that has redefined safety.
Some applications of the protective textiles are given by below:
Tents, Sleeping systems, Weapons rolls.
Fire Service equipment.
Fabrics with water proof & b breathable membrane.
Mountain safety ropes.
Protective clothing fabrics for protections for fire, bullets etc.
Fabrics for disposable garments.
10. SPORT TEXTILE
Some revolutionary new textiles are used in sports & leisure
industry are popularly known ‘SPORTTECH’.
Some applications of the sport textiles are given by below:Material technology & designed of equipment.
Surface treatment of equipment.
Sports foot wear.
Ballooning & Parachute fabrics.
11. TRANSPORT TEXTILE
Technical Textiles that are used in this automotive or transport
sector are ‘MOBILTECH’.
Some applications of the transport textiles are given by below: Air bag fabrics.
Tires cord fabrics.
Automotive upholstery & other textile fabrics used in inside
Engine (Radiator hoses, power steering, hydraulic lines
Composites for body & suspension parts.
Comfort & decoration (seating, carpets, interior decoration)
Safety (seat belts, air bags, seat fire barriers etc.)