Quality management in garments


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Quality management in garments

  1. 1. Prepared By Southeast University Department Of Textile Engineering I/A 251,252 Tejgaon Dhaka Bangladesh
  2. 2. Quality Management in Garments Different stuffs in a garments factory (a) Production Section: 1.Operator: An operator runs the sewing machines. He/she has to keep proper knowledge on machines, needle,thread,guides & folders. 2.Helper: A helper carries different parts of garments from one operator to another operator. He/she also assists opeartor for smooth sewing. 3.Supervisor/Line chief/Line in-charge: He / she must have knowledge on how to sew a garment. He also needs to know how to make lay-out of machines as per style.
  3. 3. Quality Management in Garments Different stuffs in a garments factory: 4.Quality Inspector: His responsibility is to check sewing quality& measurement. He also needs to check alteration of garments. 5.Quality Controller: He checks the quality of garments according to buyer’s order sheet and sample. He must have the capability to communicate with buyer regarding the quality of garments. He keeps in touch with both sewing & finishing. He should keep proper knowledge on ratio & assortment. 6.Finishing supervisor /Finishing in –charge: To supervise total finishing works such as adding finishing trims, ironing & folding and packing into carton as per ratio/assortment. 7. Cutting master: He must have knowledge on – i) cutting according to quality, color & shading of the fabric. ii) How to cut fabric as per ratio & assortment. iii) Different methods of cutting
  4. 4. Quality Management in Garments 8. Cutting Assistant: He makes bundle card after cutting. He also knows ways of making lays, types of fabric & different parts of garments. 9. Cutting helper/ Layman 10. Marker man: He draws marker. If there is CAD, marker man is not necessary. 11. Pattern Master: He makes patterns of the garments. He also makes marker if there is CAD and printer. 12. Sample Man: He makes samples as per buyer’s order sheet and physical sample. He must keep knowledge on every kind of sewing machine. 13. Ironman 14. Finishing helper/Trimer. 15. Polyman/packingman 16. Mechanics 17. Time Keeper: Nowadays punch machine is used.
  5. 5. Quality Management in Garments 18. Production Manager: Responsibilities: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) Keeps knowledge on every kind of operations. Have good knowledge on machines. Keeps the record of inventory(fabric & trims) in the sewing floor. Keeps supervision on all the staffs in the production floor. Keeps communication with merchandiser and buyer’s QC. Makes lay-out(arrangement of machines) of garments. Keeps tracking on the date of shipment. Keeps communication with owner of the factory.
  6. 6. Quality Management in Garments (b) Store: 1. Store Manager: He keeps the record of inventory- what fabric & trims are coming to the store and what are going out. He keeps communication with merchandisers and top management. 2. Store keeper: He counts fabric and accessories as soon as these come to the factory. (C) Commercial section: 1. Commercial in-charge 2. Commercial officer (d) Accounts Section: 1. Accounts officer 2. Accounts in-charge (e) Merchandising Section: 1. Merchandising Manager 2. Senior Merchandiser 3. Merchandiser 4. Assistant Merchandiser
  7. 7. Quality Management in Garments (f) HR (Human Resources) department: 1. HR in-charge: He recruits workforce/staffs in a factory. He also maintains communication with top management. He provides circulation/notice in the factory if necessary. 2. HR officer: He is also involved in the recruitment process. He also keeps record of the leaves of the stuffs.
  8. 8. Quality Management in Garments Quality Control in Knit & Woven Garments: 1. Quality Control in Procurement of yarn: - Carded or Combed - Any restriction on country of origin (for example, Uzbek cotton is prohibited by many buyers) - Count of yarn to meet required GSM of fabric. - Any requirement of Oeko-tex certificate? - Any requirement of Organic Certificate? - Any special requirement of Lot quantity for better matching of shade & dye-lot
  9. 9. Quality Management in Garments 2. Quality Control in Knitting: - Content of fabric - GSM & knitting pattern of fabric - Width of the fabric & subsequent requirement of dia of the machine. 3. Quality Control in Batching: - Ensure that fabric of the same grey GSM, diameter & stitch length are grouped together to meet cutting , sewing & finishing requirement. - Ensure that the fabric is turned over in the correct way. - Ensure the presence of Drop-needle for the open-width fabric for slitting. - Ensure that required quantities of rib fabric , cuffs & collars are included in the batch. - Ensure that required quantities of tapes, ealstic , drawstrings etc are included in the batch.
  10. 10. Quality Management in Garments 4. Quality Control in Dyeing: - Ensure that all required dyes and chemicals have been arranged for dyeing. - All dyes and chemicals must be used considering the lab test requirement of buyer(if any). - Before dyeing all machines must be cleaned and neutralized so that it does not affect the dyeing and color shades. - All parameters of dyeing like PH value of water, temperature, pressure etc to be ensured for better quality of fabric. - Expiry date of all dyes and chemicals and their strength must be tested for correct liquor-ratio and proportion to achieve appropriate result.