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Southeast university
DEPERTMENT OF TEXTILE ENGINEERING

December 31, 2013

AKL and GMS

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Company profile
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Name of the Company: Alim Knitwear ltd
Year of Establishment: 2005-2006
Ce...
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Another Name of the Company: GMS composite Knitting industries ltd.
Year of Establishment: 2003...
Object of tr aining
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To know about garments faults & remedy we
justify each & every garments.
To knowing that ...
Methodology of textile faults.
For Yarn manufacturing technology:
We study different types of yarn faults, causes and its ...
1.

Slub

2. Kitty yarn

December 31, 2013

AKL and GMS

6
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

4. Foreign matters

Improper handling
of travelers
Improper
preparation of mixing

proper ...
Spinning faults and remedy percentage diagram

Remedy %
Faults name
Sl = slub yarn
Oi = oily slub
Ki = Kitty yarn
Fo = For...
Knitting faults, causes and its remedy:
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

1. Barre

Caused by mixing yarn
on feed into machine....
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

3. Crease mark

Its create when fabric passing
through squeeze rollers in the
dyeing process....
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

6. Runner

Usually caused by broken
needle.

Change the needle.

7. Slub (Knit fabric)

Usual...
Different Causes of Fabric Barre

December 31, 2013

AKL and GMS

12
Knitting faults and remedy percentage
diagr am:
Remedy %
Ba = barre mark
Bro = broken color
Mis = missing yarn
Mix = mixin...
Dyeing, printing and finishing faults and remedy
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Classification of Defects
Minor Defect
A defect is defined a...
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

1. Barre

Its horizontal shaded band
across the width of the fabric. It
causes by the yarn mi...
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

4. Shading

It is generally due to uneven
tension on the fabric.

To maintain the proper tens...
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

7. Creasing

Causes unleveled penetration
of dyes

To use proper dyes and
chemical or levelin...
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

10. Crack or miss alignment in
transfer printed fabric.

Incomplete transfer of design from
p...
Dy eing and printing faults and remedy percentage
diagr am
Remedy %
Bar = barre
Bl = bleeding
Sh = shadding
Ru = running s...
Garments faults and remedy
Faults Name

Causes

Remedy

1. Misprints or off registration.

not properly cleaning of Printi...
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

5. Broken stitch

improper handling of cut pieces or
improper machine usage.

Repairing or al...
Faults name

Causes

Remedy

1. Seams not aligned at crossing of
seams.

improper handling of the cut piece.

Repairing or...
Garments faults and remedy diagr am

Dir = dirty stain
Bro = broken stitch
Skip = skip stitch
Sw = sewing thread not
match...
Conclusion
In Bangladesh the maximum dyeing industry are knit dyeing
Industry. So these kinds of industries are often suff...
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Fabrics faults and remedy

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Transcript of "Fabrics faults and remedy"

  1. 1. Southeast university DEPERTMENT OF TEXTILE ENGINEERING December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 1
  2. 2. Company profile                Name of the Company: Alim Knitwear ltd Year of Establishment: 2005-2006 Certified Achievement: ISO 9001:2000, (Certified), Oeko-Tex Standard 100 (Certified) Manufacturing products: Export oriented knit fabrics dyeing and readymade garments Owner and directors of the factory: Alim mondal. Factory Address: Nayapara, Kashimpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh Total Employees: 4500 Number of units: 3 (Three) units Part-A: Garments unit – 3 floors Part-C: Dyeing unit Part-D: Printing unit Total area: 0.5 acres Corresponding Bank: 1) United Commercial Bank Limited . Dhaka, Bangladesh 2) Dutch Bangla Bank Ltd. Dhaka, Bangladesh Factory Supervisor: Md. Mamun ( PM in garments section) Supervising teacher: Md. Abul Kalam Azad. December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 2
  3. 3.              Another Name of the Company: GMS composite Knitting industries ltd. Year of Establishment: 2003-2004 Certified Achievement: ISO 9001:2000, (Certified), Oeko-Tex Standard 100 (Certified) Manufacturing products: Export oriented knit fabrics dyeing and readymade garments Owner and directors of the factory: GMS composite Knitting industries ltd. Factory Address: Ssaradagong, Kashimpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh Total Employees: 4500 Number of units: 3 (Three) units Part-A: Garments unit – 3 floors Part-C: Dyeing unit Part-D: Printing unit Part-E: knitting unit. Factory Supervisor: Md. Saiful Islam December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 3
  4. 4. Object of tr aining       To know about garments faults & remedy we justify each & every garments. To knowing that we give max customers satisfaction. To know about different fabric inspection. To know about different quality parameters of fabric, different trims & accessories. To know about buyers AQL. To know about major or minor fabric faults. December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 4
  5. 5. Methodology of textile faults. For Yarn manufacturing technology: We study different types of yarn faults, causes and its remedy. Faults name Causes Remedy 1. Slub Lack of adequate fibre control in the drafting Zone. Proper fibre control of drafting zone 2. Oily slub Improper lubrication proper lubrication 3. Kitty yarn Improper ginning i.e. Seeds broken during ginning proper ginning i.e. Seeds broken during ginning December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 5
  6. 6. 1. Slub 2. Kitty yarn December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 6
  7. 7. Faults name Causes Remedy 4. Foreign matters Improper handling of travelers Improper preparation of mixing proper handling of travelers proper preparation of mixing 5. Soft yarn Improper bobbin feed on the spindles Less twist in the yarn proper bobbin feed on the spindles Proper twist in the yarn 6. Crackers Mixing of cotton of widely different staple lengths Closer roller settings Proper Mixing of cotton of widely differing staple lengths Proper roller settings December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 7
  8. 8. Spinning faults and remedy percentage diagram Remedy % Faults name Sl = slub yarn Oi = oily slub Ki = Kitty yarn Fo = Foreign matter Co = cork screw yarn Ov = over twisted yarn So = soft yarn Cra = cracker December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 8
  9. 9. Knitting faults, causes and its remedy: Faults name Causes Remedy 1. Barre Caused by mixing yarn on feed into machine. Proper yearn selection and proper roller adjustment. 2. Broken Colour Pattern Usually caused by color yarn out of place on frame. Proper adjustment of color and yarn. December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 9
  10. 10. Faults name Causes Remedy 3. Crease mark Its create when fabric passing through squeeze rollers in the dyeing process. Its mainly Occurs in tubular knits fabric. Proper adjustment of squeeze rollers. 4. Hole caused by broken needle Change the needle. 5. Needle Line Caused by broken needle forming distorted stitches Replace the needle December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 10
  11. 11. Faults name Causes Remedy 6. Runner Usually caused by broken needle. Change the needle. 7. Slub (Knit fabric) Usually caused by a thick or heavy place in yarn Replace the yarn cone to a more uniform yarn cone. December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 11
  12. 12. Different Causes of Fabric Barre December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 12
  13. 13. Knitting faults and remedy percentage diagr am: Remedy % Ba = barre mark Bro = broken color Mis = missing yarn Mix = mixing yarn December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 13
  14. 14. Dyeing, printing and finishing faults and remedy       Classification of Defects Minor Defect A defect is defined as minor Defect that is not likely to reduce the Usability of the product, but nevertheless may negatively influence the sales. The minor defects can be untrimmed thread-ends, slight dirt in a nonnoticeable zone which can be removed, etc Major Defect A defect that, if conspicuous on the finished product, would cause the item to be a second. (A "second" is a garment with a conspicuous defect that affects the salability or serviceability of the item. December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 14
  15. 15. Faults name Causes Remedy 1. Barre Its horizontal shaded band across the width of the fabric. It causes by the yarn mixing proper yarn selection. 2. Bleeding improper dye selection or poor dye fastness. proper dye selection. 3. Crocking It is the rubbing off of the color. It may rub onto another fabric. proper dye selection. barre December 31, 2013 Bleeding AKL and GMS Crocking 15
  16. 16. Faults name Causes Remedy 4. Shading It is generally due to uneven tension on the fabric. To maintain the proper tension 5. Stained caused by a foreign substance, dirt, grease, and oil or sizing residue on the fabric being dyed. To using different spot remover chemical 6. Color variation in yarn Caused due to lack of agitation in the dye bath proper agitation in the dye bath. Shading December 31, 2013 stained AKL and GMS Color variation yarn 16
  17. 17. Faults name Causes Remedy 7. Creasing Causes unleveled penetration of dyes To use proper dyes and chemical or leveling agent. 8. Flushing/Wicking Caused due to Low viscosity of print paste To use high viscosity of printing past 9. Bleeding Caused due to Low viscosity of print paste To use high viscosity of printing past. Creasing December 31, 2013 Flushing AKL and GMS Bleeding 17
  18. 18. Faults name Causes Remedy 10. Crack or miss alignment in transfer printed fabric. Incomplete transfer of design from paper to fabric Proper transfer of design. 11. Unwanted marks on fabric. Causes by the contact with oil or grease covered exposed machine parts, careless handling To using spot cleaner. 12. Decolorized patch on fabric Caused due to chemical spillage on fabric. Localized excess bleaching. Localized excess enzyme wash. To using spot cleaner. Crack December 31, 2013 Unwanted mark AKL and GMS Decolorized patch on fabric 18
  19. 19. Dy eing and printing faults and remedy percentage diagr am Remedy % Bar = barre Bl = bleeding Sh = shadding Ru = running shade Crea = creasing Un = unwanded mark Flu = flushing Crak = crack or miss aligment December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 19
  20. 20. Garments faults and remedy Faults Name Causes Remedy 1. Misprints or off registration. not properly cleaning of Printing screens . Properly Cleaning of printing screen. 2. Grease/ Oil / dirty stains. Oil stains generally come from sewing machines; machines such as over lock and flat lock machines are more prone to have oil stains. To use spot cleaner chemical 3. Needle damage. using the wrong needle. Repairing or older the garments 4. Open or broken seams improper handling of the cut piece or machine Repairing or alter the garments. Misprint December 31, 2013 Grease/ oil/ dirty stain. AKL and GMS Needle damage Open or broken seam 20
  21. 21. Faults name Causes Remedy 5. Broken stitch improper handling of cut pieces or improper machine usage. Repairing or alter the garments 6. Skipped or dropped stitches improper handling of cut pieces or improper machine usage. Repairing or alter the garments 7. Neck shape. caused by defective cut pieces. Repairing or alter the garments or use proper cut piece of garments. 8. Sewing thread not matching. To use improper sewing thread. To use proper sewing thread. Broken stitch December 31, 2013 Skipped stitch Neck shape AKL and GMS Sewing thread not matching 21
  22. 22. Faults name Causes Remedy 1. Seams not aligned at crossing of seams. improper handling of the cut piece. Repairing or older the garments. 2. Stripes not matching. from improper handling of cut pieces. Repairing or older the garments. 3. Misplaced label improper placement of labels when sewing Repairing or alter the garments or proper placement of the label. Seam not aligned at crossing of seams December 31, 2013 Stripes not matching AKL and GMS Misplaced label 22
  23. 23. Garments faults and remedy diagr am Dir = dirty stain Bro = broken stitch Skip = skip stitch Sw = sewing thread not match Miss = misplace label Nec = neck shape Po = pocket disposition Un = uncovered seam Brok = broken seam December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 23
  24. 24. Conclusion In Bangladesh the maximum dyeing industry are knit dyeing Industry. So these kinds of industries are often suffering by these Faults which tend to not fulfill the target of production. As a result the production capacity of these industries falls significantly. These are the common faults which I have tried to find out the causes & their Remedies against them. December 31, 2013 AKL and GMS 24
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