Woody Plants Group 3a

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  • Woody Plants Group 3a

    1. 1. Woodies I Group 3 Rose Family
    2. 2. Group 3a <ul><li>Amelanchier alnifolia </li></ul><ul><li>Crataegus ambigua </li></ul><ul><li>Crataegus crusgalli var. inermis </li></ul><ul><li>Crataegus phaenopyrum </li></ul><ul><li>Malus ssp. </li></ul><ul><li>Prunus americana </li></ul><ul><li>Saskatoon Serviceberry </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Hawthorne </li></ul><ul><li>Thornless Cockspur Hawthorne </li></ul><ul><li>Washington Hawthorne </li></ul><ul><li>Crabapple </li></ul><ul><li>American Plum </li></ul>
    3. 3. Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Serviceberry, Juneberry
    4. 4. Amelanchier alnifolia <ul><li>18-20 foot, shrub or small tree </li></ul><ul><li>Native to Northern Great Plains, very adaptable </li></ul><ul><li>Cold hardy to –20 o c </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerate wide range of pH </li></ul><ul><li>Grow well in heavy clay </li></ul><ul><li>Water needs are minimal </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerates part shade; prefers full sun </li></ul>
    5. 5. Amelanchier alnifolia <ul><li>Prune regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers and fruit develop on previous years' growth and pruning results in vigorous new growth for the next years' bloom and fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Susceptible to cedar-apple rust, but has no serious disease or insect problems </li></ul>
    6. 6. Amelanchier alnifolia Alternate, simple, ovate, pinnately-veined, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, finely serrate
    7. 7. Flowers appear from March to June, before the leaves. The showy white flowers have 5 petals that are 1/2 inch long.
    8. 8. Amelanchier Alnifolia Fruit: Ripening in June to August, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter, rounded, red to dark purple when ripe. The fruits are edible
    9. 9. Amelanchier alnifolia <ul><li>Twig: Slender, flexible, red-brown in color May be covered with fine hairs when young Buds may be up to 1/2 inch long, pointed, covered with scales, usually with hairy margins light yellow-green to red in color . </li></ul>
    10. 10. Amelanchier alnifolia Form: A shrub or small tree with a narrow crown
    11. 11. Amelanchier alnifolia Bark: Smooth when young, ashy-gray with dark stripes. Later becoming rough with long splits and furrows
    12. 12. Crataegus ambigua Russian Hawthorne
    13. 13. Crataegus ambigua Bark is golden yellow and exfoliating
    14. 14. Crataegus ambigua Foliage is medium green, finely cut
    15. 15. Crataegus ambigua White flowers in clusters
    16. 16. Crataegus ambigua Fruit is dark red
    17. 17. Crataegus ambigua Yellow in fall
    18. 18. Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis Thornless Cockspur Hawthorne
    19. 20. Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis <ul><li>a medium-sized deciduous tree </li></ul><ul><li>20' to 30' tall and wide </li></ul><ul><li>broad, rounded tree </li></ul>
    20. 21. Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis Shiny, dark-green,simple ovate leaves
    21. 22. Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis Fall Color
    22. 23. Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis White Flowers
    23. 24. Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis Red Fruit Through Fall
    24. 25. Crataegus crus-galli t horns
    25. 26. Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorne <ul><li>Height 25’ Spread 25’ </li></ul><ul><li>Medium water needs </li></ul><ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Specimen tree – rounded shape </li></ul><ul><li>Dark green, glossy foliage </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent shiny, red-orange showy fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Thorns </li></ul><ul><li>Copper fall color </li></ul>
    26. 27. Crataegus phaenopyrum Form
    27. 28. Crataegus phaenopyrum Leaf
    28. 29. Crataegus phaenopyrum Flower
    29. 30. Crataegus phaenopyrum Fruit
    30. 31. Crataegus phaenopyrum Fall Color Winter Interest- Fruit
    31. 32. Crataegus phaenopyrum Bark
    32. 33. Crataegus virdis ‘Winterking’ Hawthorne <ul><li>Medium water needs Yellow fall color </li></ul><ul><li>Silvery bark </li></ul>
    33. 34. Crataegus virdis Height 20-35 Spread 20-35 Widely vase shaped, angular branch pattern
    34. 35. Crataegus virdis Dark green simple, lobed leaves
    35. 36. Crataegus virdis Thorns
    36. 37. Crataegus virdis Flowers - White in clusters
    37. 38. Crataegus virdis Fruit red ¼”
    38. 39. Crataegus virdis Great Winter Interest
    39. 40. Crataegus viridis ‘Winterking’ <ul><li>1.5&quot; long thorns along stems </li></ul><ul><li>a medium-sized deciduous tree </li></ul><ul><li>25' to 30' tall and 20' to 25' wide </li></ul><ul><li>broad, rounded tree </li></ul>
    40. 41. Malus spp.                                                              
    41. 43. Malus x Indian Magic
    42. 44. Malus x Profusion
    43. 45. Malus x Red Jade
    44. 46. Malus x Dolgo
    45. 47. Malus x Coral Burst
    46. 49.                                  
    47. 50. Malus fruit
    48. 51. Malus fruit in winter
    49. 52. ID Malus ssp. <ul><li>Scaly bark </li></ul><ul><li>Red to yellow to green fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate branching </li></ul><ul><li>Buds scales are overlapping usually reddish brown with hairs </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits are 2” or less </li></ul><ul><li>Height usually 15-20 feet </li></ul>
    50. 53. Prunus americana American Plum <ul><li>Height 10-12’ Width 10-12’ </li></ul><ul><li>Low water needs </li></ul><ul><li>Fragrant white flowers </li></ul><ul><li>One inch yellow to red fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Multi trunk or single stem </li></ul><ul><li>Dry alkaline soils </li></ul><ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Suckers in the wild </li></ul>
    51. 55. Prunus americana small, deciduous tree
    52. 56. Prunus americana alternate serrulate leaf margins no glands on petiole pubescent midrib
    53. 57. Prunus americana White Flowers
    54. 58. Prunus americana Round, fleshy fruit
    55. 59. Prunus americana Bark
    56. 60. Prunus americana , fall color
    57. 61. ID
    58. 62. ID by Leaf
    59. 69. ID by Fruit
    60. 72.                                  
    61. 74. ID by Flower
    62. 77. ID by Bark or trunk
    63. 79. ID by Winter Interest

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