Periodic Table


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This is a slide show about the Organization of the Periodic Table of the Elements

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  • An Element is a substance that cannot be chemically broken down. (If you broke it down you would end up with electrons, protons, and neutrons.) It is made up of only one type of atoms. Some elements can exist in nature as one single atom, others can only exist as molecules, such as O2, S8 and P4. Examples of elements in your life: pure gold watch, silver ring, diamond (pure carbon)
  • Periodic Table

    1. 1. Elements<br />and their properties<br />
    2. 2. Review:<br />Elements, compounds & mixtures<br />Physical vs. chemical properties<br />Organization of the periodic table<br />Introduce:<br />
    3. 3. Elements Compounds & Mixtures<br />
    4. 4. Element: only one type of atom<br />Elements, compounds & mixtures<br />Carbon atom<br />Hydrogen molecule<br />
    5. 5. Compound: two or more elements chemically combined<br />Elements, compounds & mixtures<br />Sugar Molecule<br />(C6H12O6)<br />Jmol: an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures in 3D.<br />Water Molecule<br />(H2O)<br />
    6. 6. Elements, compounds & mixtures<br />Mixture: two or more substances mixed together<br />Bisayan lady, Jelly Beans, 3/14/08, creative commons: attribution, non-commercial, share alike<br />Agricultural Research Service, Orange Juice, 12/11/05, Public Domain <br />
    7. 7. Element, Compound, or Mixture?<br />Mixture Compound<br /> Element<br />Kotomigd, Gold Necklace, 04/20/08, Creative commons: attribution, non commercial. <br /> Salad Gold Table Salt<br /> Dressing Necklace<br />Julián Rodriguez Orihuela, Sal, 6/21/06, Creative Commons: attribution <br />Hollie Butler, Salad Dressing, 9/16/08, CreaticeCommons: attribution-noncommercial-share alike <br />Hint: Gold = Au Salt = NaCl<br />
    8. 8. Physical vs. Chemical Properties<br />
    9. 9. Physical properties <br />Physical or chemical properties<br />Phase<br />Color<br />Size<br />Shape<br />Solid<br />Red/Brown<br />One Inch<br />Long and skinny<br />
    10. 10. Chemical properties <br />Physical or chemical properties<br />pH<br />Reactivity<br />Flammability<br />(only for liquids) <br />Iron + air = rust<br />Not flammable<br />
    11. 11. The Periodic Table<br />LeVanHan, Periodic Table, 12/17/08, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike<br />
    12. 12. Periodic Table <br />Lists all Elements<br />Ordered by # of protons<br />The Periodic Table<br /> 1 2<br /> 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 …<br />ltub, Periodic Table Blank, 09/16/08, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike<br />
    13. 13. Groups:<br />Columns (up and down)<br />Elements in a group have similar properties<br />The Periodic Table<br />
    14. 14. Periods:<br />Rows (left to right)<br />Elements in a period have same electron shells<br />The Periodic Table<br />
    15. 15. The Periodic Table<br />Metals<br />Transition Metals<br />Rare Earth Metals<br />Metalloids<br />Non-Metals<br />
    16. 16. Organization of Periodic Table<br />Alkali Metals<br />Alkaline Earth Metals<br />Halogens<br />Nobel Gasses<br />
    17. 17. The Periodic Table<br />Solids<br />Liquids<br />Gasses<br />
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