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The french revolution power point

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  • 1. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION CHAPTER 6 SECTION 1 NOTES
  • 2. Section 1- On the Eve of Revolution
    • Social Structure
    • First Estate- Clergy
    • -Church owned about 10% of the land and paid no direct taxes to the state
    • - made up about 1% of the population
    • Second Estate-nobles
      • -Held the top jobs in the government, the army, courts, and the church
      • -Also did not have to pay direct taxes
      • - Made up about 1% of the population
    • Third Estate- 98% of the population
    • -At the top were the bourgeoisie (middle class) including bankers, merchants, lawyers, doctors
    • -Most people were rural peasants
    • -On the bottom were the urban workers
    • -paid direct taxes to the state
  • 3. Land Ownership in France
  • 4. Discontent of the Third Estate
    • Discontent
      • Third estate members resented the upper estates
        • Best jobs were reserved for the nobles
        • Their wages were small
        • Burdened with taxes
        • Even a small rise in food prices could mean starvation
  • 5. Economic Troubles
    • Burden of Taxes
      • Louis XIV had left France in debt so the government had to borrow more and more money, thus, they had to increase taxes
      • Nobles and clergy resisted attempts to make them pay taxes
    • Poor Harvests
      • Food prices went soaring and people began to riot demanding bread
    • Failure of Reform
      • Some rulers of France were more interested in themselves than the country
      • Some were well-meaning, but were weak and indecisive
  • 6. Estates General
    • Louis XVI calls the Estates General
      • Each estate received one vote which meant the 1st and 2nd estates could outvote the 3rd
    • Louis had each estate prepare a cahier- notebook listing grievances
    • 3rd estate declared themselves the National Assembly and took the Tennis Court Oath- they swore to keep meeting until they had established a just constitution
  • 7. Tennis Court Oath
  • 8. Storming of the Bastille
    • Storming the Bastille- July 14, 1789
      • Crowd demanded weapons and gunpowder they thought were stored at the prison
      • Some prisoners were released
      • Seen as a symbol of the Revolution
  • 9. Storming of the Bastille