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    The french revolution power point The french revolution power point Presentation Transcript

    • THE FRENCH REVOLUTION CHAPTER 6 SECTION 1 NOTES
    • Section 1- On the Eve of Revolution
      • Social Structure
      • First Estate- Clergy
      • -Church owned about 10% of the land and paid no direct taxes to the state
      • - made up about 1% of the population
      • Second Estate-nobles
        • -Held the top jobs in the government, the army, courts, and the church
        • -Also did not have to pay direct taxes
        • - Made up about 1% of the population
      • Third Estate- 98% of the population
      • -At the top were the bourgeoisie (middle class) including bankers, merchants, lawyers, doctors
      • -Most people were rural peasants
      • -On the bottom were the urban workers
      • -paid direct taxes to the state
    • Land Ownership in France
    • Discontent of the Third Estate
      • Discontent
        • Third estate members resented the upper estates
          • Best jobs were reserved for the nobles
          • Their wages were small
          • Burdened with taxes
          • Even a small rise in food prices could mean starvation
    • Economic Troubles
      • Burden of Taxes
        • Louis XIV had left France in debt so the government had to borrow more and more money, thus, they had to increase taxes
        • Nobles and clergy resisted attempts to make them pay taxes
      • Poor Harvests
        • Food prices went soaring and people began to riot demanding bread
      • Failure of Reform
        • Some rulers of France were more interested in themselves than the country
        • Some were well-meaning, but were weak and indecisive
    • Estates General
      • Louis XVI calls the Estates General
        • Each estate received one vote which meant the 1st and 2nd estates could outvote the 3rd
      • Louis had each estate prepare a cahier- notebook listing grievances
      • 3rd estate declared themselves the National Assembly and took the Tennis Court Oath- they swore to keep meeting until they had established a just constitution
    • Tennis Court Oath
    • Storming of the Bastille
      • Storming the Bastille- July 14, 1789
        • Crowd demanded weapons and gunpowder they thought were stored at the prison
        • Some prisoners were released
        • Seen as a symbol of the Revolution
    • Storming of the Bastille