Nervous and endocrine system
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Nervous and endocrine system

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Nervous and endocrine system Nervous and endocrine system Presentation Transcript

  • Nervous and Endocrine Systems
    Chapter 2
  • The Nervous System
    Nervous System: Consists of all the nerve cells. It is the body’s speedy, electrochemical communication system.
    Central Nervous System (CNS): the brain and spinal cord.
    Peripheral Nervous System (PNS): the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.
  • Nervous System
  • The Endocrine System
    The Endocrine Systemisthe body’s “slow” chemical communication system. Communication is carried out by hormones synthesized by a set of glands.
  • Hormones
    Hormonesare chemicals synthesized by the endocrine glands that are secreted in the bloodstream. Hormones affect the brain and many other tissues of the body.
    For example, epinephrine (adrenaline) increases heart rate, blood pressure, blood sugar, and feelings of excitement during emergency situations.
  • Pituitary Gland
    Is called the “master gland.” The anterior pituitary lobe releases hormones that regulate other glands. The posterior lobe regulates water and salt balance.