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Forgetting

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Forgetting Forgetting Presentation Transcript

  • Forgetting
    Chapter 7
  • 7 Sins of Memory
    Three sins of forgetting (encoding failure)
    1.Absent-mindedness- inattention to details
    2. Transience- memory loss
    unused info fades
    3. Blocking- stored info cannot be accessed
    tip of tongue syndrome
  • 7 Sins of Memory
    Three sins of distortion (storage decay)
    4. Misattribution- confusing the source of info
    forgetting who said what
    5. Suggestibility- the lingering effects of misinformation
    Misinformation- a memory that has been corrupted by misleading information
    6. Bias- belief- colored recollections
  • 7 Sins of Memory
    One sin of intrusion (retrieval failure)
    7. Persistence – unwanted memories
    Repressed memories- in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
  • Improving Memory
    Study repeatedly to boost long-term recall
    Space out study
    Spend more time rehearsing or thinking about the material
    Make the material personally meaningful
    Minimize interference
    Test your own knowledge to find out what you don’t yet know