Forgetting

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Forgetting

  1. 1. Chapter 7
  2. 2. 7 Sins of Memory  Three sins of forgetting (encoding failure) 1.Absent-mindedness- inattention to details 2. Transience- memory loss  unused info fades 3. Blocking- stored info cannot be accessed  tip of tongue syndrome
  3. 3. 7 Sins of Memory  Three sins of distortion (storage decay) 4. Misattribution- confusing the source of info  forgetting who said what 5. Suggestibility- the lingering effects of misinformation  Misinformation- a memory that has been corrupted by misleading information 6. Bias- belief- colored recollections
  4. 4. 7 Sins of Memory  One sin of intrusion (retrieval failure) 7. Persistence – unwanted memories  Repressed memories- in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
  5. 5. Improving Memory  Study repeatedly to boost long-term recall  Space out study  Spend more time rehearsing or thinking about the material  Make the material personally meaningful  Minimize interference  Test your own knowledge to find out what you don’t yet know

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