Dissociative, Personality, and Mood Disorders Chapter 12
Dissociative Disorders Conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings Symptoms Having a sense of being unreal. Being separated from the body. Watching yourself as if in a movie.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) A disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities, formerly called multiple personality disorder.
Facts about DID Rare disorder Someone may lose their memory or change their identity in response to a stressful situation Rarely exists outside the US (makes many think that this is a cultural issue) Most people with DID have suffered some form of abuse
Personality disorders Personality disorders- characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning Antisocial personality disorder (psychopath) Typically male, shows no conscience for his actions Feel and fear little Dennis Radar (BTK killer)
Antisocial Personality Disorder PET scans of 41 murderers revealed reduced activity in the frontal lobes. In a follow-up study, repeat offenders had 11% less frontal lobe activity
Mood disorders Mood Disorders- disorders characterized by emotional extremes Major depressive disorder Mania Bipolar disorder
Depression Major Depressive Disorder- a person experiences two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings or worthlessness, and diminished interest #1 reason people seek mental health services Women are more than X2 as likely to experiencedepression than men
Bipolar Disorder Formerly called manic-depressive disorder. An alternation between depression and mania signals bipolar disorder. Depressive Symptoms Manic Symptoms Gloomy Elation Withdrawn Euphoria Inability to make decisions Desire for action Tired Hyperactive Slowness of thought Multiple ideas
Mood disorders Mania- over-talkative, over-active Little need for sleep Fewer sexual inhibitions May need protection from their own poor judgment May find advice irritating