Dissociative,personality, mood disorders

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Dissociative,personality, mood disorders

  1. 1. Dissociative, Personality, and Mood Disorders Chapter 12
  2. 2. Dissociative Disorders • Conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings • Symptoms – Having a sense of being unreal. – Being separated from the body. – Watching yourself as if in a movie.
  3. 3. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) – A disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities, formerly called multiple personality disorder.
  4. 4. Facts about DID • Rare disorder • Someone may lose their memory or change their identity in response to a stressful situation • Rarely exists outside the US (makes many think that this is a cultural issue) • Most people with DID have suffered some form of abuse
  5. 5. Personality disorders • Personality disorders- characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning – Antisocial personality disorder (psychopath) • Typically male, shows no conscience for his actions • Feel and fear little • Dennis Radar (BTK killer)
  6. 6. Dennis Radar- BTK Killer
  7. 7. Antisocial Personality Disorder • PET scans of 41 murderers revealed reduced activity in the frontal lobes. In a follow-up study, repeat offenders had 11% less frontal lobe activity
  8. 8. Mood disorders • Mood Disorders- disorders characterized by emotional extremes – Major depressive disorder – Mania – Bipolar disorder
  9. 9. Depression • Major Depressive Disorder- a person experiences two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings or worthlessness, and diminished interest – #1 reason people seek mental health services – Women are more than X2 as likely to experience depression than men
  10. 10. Bipolar Disorder • Formerly called manic-depressive disorder. An alternation between depression and mania signals bipolar disorder. Depressive Symptoms Manic Symptoms Gloomy Withdrawn Tired Inability to make decisions Slowness of thought Elation Euphoria Desire for action Hyperactive Multiple ideas
  11. 11. Mood disorders • Mania- over-talkative, over-active – Little need for sleep – Fewer sexual inhibitions – May need protection from their own poor judgment – May find advice irritating

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