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Writing poetry tips
 

Writing poetry tips

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Writing poetry tips

Writing poetry tips

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    Writing poetry tips Writing poetry tips Document Transcript

    • Writing poetry should be an experience with words and imagination. Express yourself in writing and with the spoken word. Explore your ideas. Make personal connections to the word or topic you have chosen to write about or that has inspired you. What memories pop into your mind? Types of poems and projects Sonnet English or Shakespearean sonnet is made up of three units with four lines in each one. Each unit expresses related ideas. Two rhymed lines called a couplet sum up the poem. The meter or rhyme pattern is iambic pentameter [Iambic refers to an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. Pentameter means there are five beats or meters per line.] The English sonnet has the simplest and most flexible pattern of all sonnets, consisting of 3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and a couplet: abab cdcd efef gg Italian sonnet or Petrarchan: pose a question or make a point in the first 8 lines. Then, in the last 6 lines, respond to your own question or point. The Italian sonnet is divided into two sections by two different groups of rhyming sounds. The first 8 lines is called the octave and rhymes: abbaabba
    • The remaining 6 lines is called the sestet and can have either two or three rhyming sounds, arranged in a variety of ways: cdcdcd cddcdc cdecde cdeced cdcedc Elegy A poem written for someone who has died. Ballad Songlike poem that tells a story, often a sad story of betrayal, death, or loss. Ballads usually have a regular, steady rhythm, a simple rhyme pattern, and a refrain, all of which make them easy to memorize. Epic A long narrative poem about many deeds of a great hero. Epics are closely connected to a particular culture. The hero of an epic embodies the important values of the society he comes from. (Heroes from epics have-- so far-- been male.) Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story – a series of related events.
    • Lyric Poem A poem that does not tell a story but expresses the personal feelings of a speaker. Ode A long lyric poem, usually praising some subject, and written in dignified language. Ode to Common Things Choose one object (it must be something you can touch) that is important to you. Avoid abstract terms such as love or freedom. In 10-21 lines, tell why this object is so wonderful and special to you and anyone who encounters it.
    • Free verse poem – it does not have to rhyme, it does not have strict structure Ordinary things Think of an ordinary word [for example, music]. Close your eyes and let your imagination wander. Do this for one minute. Write down everything that comes to your mind. Put each idea on a strip of paper. Put your ideas in order. Now think about the five senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, touch Using your senses, describe the word/topic of your poem in further detail. What can you add to each line of your poem? Now look at each line. Say each word out loud. Do you hear your poetry? A Special Place In this poem you may only use figurative language -Personification -Simile -Metaphor Think of this special place. In five lines describe this place. Write each line using a different colored marker on a strip of paper. Each line MUST be a figure of speech: for example, My room is a storm. You must use all three figures of speech in the poem. You may use two of them twice. Put your strips in order and glue them to a sheet of paper. Read your poem aloud.
    • Persona Poem 1. Historical Persona Poem Write a poem speaking in the voice and situation of the historical character. 2. Literary Persona Poem Write a poem speaking in the voice and situation of a literary character. This is a good way for a student to infer characters’ unvoiced thoughts or to imagine scenes in books that occur “offstage.” These scenes are often rich in conflict particularly internal conflict. 3. Dramatizing People in Our Lives Write a poem speaking in the voice of a person in your world. Try to imagine what the people around us are thinking and feeling -- the reclusive neighbor down the street, the checker at the grocery store, the ice cream vendor….It helps to talk with the person if possible and the rest must be inferred. Students may NOT speak in the voice of another teacher or student in the school. 4. City/Neighborhood Poems Places have definite personalities. Try to capture the essence of a place with words. Write a poem speaking in the voice of a city/neighborhood you have been to. Imagine the kind of person who could represent a city by answering the following questions: 1. Is the city a man or woman? 2. How old is he/she? 3. How early does the person wake up?
    • 4. What would this person eat for breakfast? 5. What kind of family life does this person have? Does this person live alone or with relatives? 6. What kind of clothes does this person wear? 7. What kind of job does this person have? 8. What kind of car does this person drive? 9. What kind of music does the person listen to? 10.How many friends does this person have? 11.How wealthy is this person? 12.How well educated is this person? 13.What would the person’s favorite subject in school be? 14.What kind of book would this person read? 15.What is this person’s favorite movie? 16.What is this person’s greatest dream or aspiration? Write a persona poem based on one of these topics. Your poem must be between 10 and 21 lines
    • Ekphrastic Poetry Art Gallery Poetry-writing Assignment 1. Choose a work of art and record the following information: Title __________________________________ Date __________________ Artist _________________________________ Medium _______________ 2. Write a sentence or two about why you chose this work of art, how it makes you feel, and/or what it makes you think about. 3. Next write a detailed description of the work of art. Be specific enough so that someone else could clearly imagine the work of art in his or her mind after reading your description. Be sure to include words that indicate size, shape, color, light/shade, objects, figures, positions, and so on. 4. Finally, write a poem in response to the work of art you chose. If you need inspiration, look back at your answers above. Also remember there are many different ways to go about this. Here are some ideas:
    •  Write about the scene or subject being depicted in the artwork.  Relate the work of art to something else it makes you think of.  Write about the experience of looking at the art.  Describe how the artwork is organized or presented.  Speculate about how or why the artist created this work.  Imagine a story behind what you see presented in the work of art.  Imagine what was happening while the artist was creating this work.  Speak to the artist or the subject(s) of the painting, using your own voice.  Write in the voice of the artist.  Write in the voice of a person or object depicted in the artwork.
    • Finally….. Perform your poetry – Spoken Word You are invited to read your own original poem at our Barnes and Noble Poetry Reading in October. Source: O’Connor, John S. Wordplaygrounds. Illinois: NCTE, 2004.