Literary Terms for  Short Story Writing
Plot <ul><li>This is what happens in the story. </li></ul>
Conflict <ul><li>External conflict – a character struggles against another person, group of people or force of nature (tor...
Complications <ul><li>A series of events that make it very hard for the character to get what he/she wants. </li></ul>
Climax <ul><li>The story’s most emotional or suspenseful moment. The point at which the conflict is decided one way or ano...
Resolution <ul><li>The last part of the story. The conflict is resolved and the loose ends of the story are tied up.  This...
Subplots <ul><li>Plots that are part of the larger story but are not as important. </li></ul>
Parallel episodes <ul><li>The storyteller repeats the main outline of an episode several times. </li></ul>
Characterization <ul><li>This is the way a writer reveals a character. </li></ul>
Direct Characterization <ul><li>The author directly states what the character is like. </li></ul>
Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Describes the appearance of the character </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the character in actio...
Motivation <ul><li>Motivation is what makes characters behave the way they do. </li></ul>
Foreshadow <ul><li>This makes us feel suspense.  The storyteller gives us clues that hint at future events. </li></ul>
Setting <ul><li>This is where and when the story takes place. </li></ul><ul><li>The customs of the story must fit the time...
Simile <ul><li>Figurative language that compares two unlike things and uses “like” or “as.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The perf...
Metaphor <ul><li>Figurative language that compares two unlike things directly without using a specific word of comparison....
Personification <ul><li>Figurative language that speaks of a nonhuman or inanimate thing as if it has human like qualities...
Symbols <ul><li>People, places, events, or things that have meaning themselves but also stand for something beyond themsel...
Dialect <ul><li>A way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular place or group of people. </li></ul>
Mood <ul><li>The writer produces mood by creating images and using sounds that convey a particular feeling. </li></ul>
Tone <ul><li>The attitude a writer takes toward his/her subject, characters, and audience. </li></ul>
Theme <ul><li>The author’s message in a story.  The author reveals something about life and people. </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Style <ul><li>The way a writer uses language. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allusion </li><...
Irony <ul><li>Verbal irony – we say just the opposite of what we mean. </li></ul><ul><li>Situational irony – what happens ...
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Literary terms for short story writing

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Literary terms for short story writing

  1. 1. Literary Terms for Short Story Writing
  2. 2. Plot <ul><li>This is what happens in the story. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conflict <ul><li>External conflict – a character struggles against another person, group of people or force of nature (tornado or a bear). </li></ul><ul><li>Internal conflict – a struggle that takes place in the character’s mind, like when a character must make a decision. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Complications <ul><li>A series of events that make it very hard for the character to get what he/she wants. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climax <ul><li>The story’s most emotional or suspenseful moment. The point at which the conflict is decided one way or another. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Resolution <ul><li>The last part of the story. The conflict is resolved and the loose ends of the story are tied up. This is how the story ends. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Subplots <ul><li>Plots that are part of the larger story but are not as important. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Parallel episodes <ul><li>The storyteller repeats the main outline of an episode several times. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Characterization <ul><li>This is the way a writer reveals a character. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Direct Characterization <ul><li>The author directly states what the character is like. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Indirect Characterization <ul><li>Describes the appearance of the character </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the character in action </li></ul><ul><li>Allows us to hear the character speak </li></ul><ul><li>Reveals the character’s thoughts and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Shows how others react to the character </li></ul>
  12. 12. Motivation <ul><li>Motivation is what makes characters behave the way they do. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Foreshadow <ul><li>This makes us feel suspense. The storyteller gives us clues that hint at future events. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Setting <ul><li>This is where and when the story takes place. </li></ul><ul><li>The customs of the story must fit the time and place. </li></ul><ul><li>The setting can play a key role in creating tone and mood (atmosphere). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Simile <ul><li>Figurative language that compares two unlike things and uses “like” or “as.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The perfume smelled like a spring day. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Metaphor <ul><li>Figurative language that compares two unlike things directly without using a specific word of comparison. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The crowd was a storm. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Personification <ul><li>Figurative language that speaks of a nonhuman or inanimate thing as if it has human like qualities. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The frog cried. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Symbols <ul><li>People, places, events, or things that have meaning themselves but also stand for something beyond themselves. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Dialect <ul><li>A way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular place or group of people. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Mood <ul><li>The writer produces mood by creating images and using sounds that convey a particular feeling. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Tone <ul><li>The attitude a writer takes toward his/her subject, characters, and audience. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Theme <ul><li>The author’s message in a story. The author reveals something about life and people. </li></ul><ul><li>The stories that have a meaning beyond the people and events on their pages-- a meaning that we can use—are the ones that change our lives. This deeper meaning is called THEME. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Style <ul><li>The way a writer uses language. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dialect </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Irony <ul><li>Verbal irony – we say just the opposite of what we mean. </li></ul><ul><li>Situational irony – what happens is different from what we expect. </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic irony – we know something a character doesn’t know. </li></ul>

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