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An Introduction to Autism

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This presentation is an introductory presentation on Autism (ASD): together with the list of lots of online sources and organizations that can help you to find out more information on this type of ...

This presentation is an introductory presentation on Autism (ASD): together with the list of lots of online sources and organizations that can help you to find out more information on this type of brain developmental disorder.

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    An Introduction to Autism An Introduction to Autism Presentation Transcript

    • An Introduction to Autism
    • What is Autism?
      Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of disorders with common disabilities in three key areas:
      Social awareness and interaction
      Language and other communication skills
      Imaginative play (variable interests and behaviours)
      Autism consists of disorders of development of brain functions
      Causes are not yet known for sure
      Autism affects families in all races, cultures all around the world
    • Shocking Statistics
      1 out of every 110 children
      Four times as many boys than girls
       More common than pediatric cancer, AIDS and diabetes combined
       Costs $80-$100,000 each year to treat
       No medical detection for autism
       No known cure
       A lifelong condition
      http://www.autismspeaks.ca/autism-speaks-canada
    • Spectrum of Autism
    • Labels of Autism
      • Autistic Savants: distinctive abilities in art, music, mathematics or memory. 1% in the whole population
      • Asperger's Syndrome
      • Seven times as many people as classic autism; average to higher IQ
      • Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)
      • Classic Autism and Kanner Autism
      • Two-thirds of classic autism: severely to mildly handicapped in cognition and intellect
      • Classic Autism: four times more common in boys than in girls
    • Causes of Autism
      Unknown, No guidelines for preventing
      • Invalid theories
      • Postnatal environment: allergies, and exposure of children to drugs, vaccines, infection, certain foods
      • Lack of Vitamin D
      • Refrigerator mother
      • Valid theories
      • Genetic factors: the most significant cause
      • Prenatal environment: age in either parent (m40+; f40+, m-30); diabetes, bleeding, and use of psychiatric drugs in the mother during pregnancy
    • Signs of Autism: Strengths
      • Reading skills
      • Exceptional balance
      • Drawing skills
      • Computer skills
      • Exceptional memory
      • Music skills
    • Signs of Autism: Weaknesses
      • Social Interaction
      • Communication
      • Bizarre behaviours
      • Repetitive behaviours
      • Sensory issues
      • Motor issues
      • Self-injuries behaviours
    • When Does Autism Appear?
      Several symptoms appear by 18 months of age:
      Poor eye contact, trouble with pretend play and imitation, delayed communication skills, Joint attention
      Average age of diagnosis: About three years old
      Regression: Stop using the language, play, or social skills they had already learned; usually between the first and second birthdays
    • Treatments & Therapies
      Disabilities are lifelong and there is no known cure
      • Biomedical
      • Medication
      • Diets
      • Behavioural
      • Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)
      • Son-Rise Program
      • Communication therapies
      • Sign Language
      • Facilitated Communication (FC)
      • Other Therapies
      • Music Therapy
      • Service Dogs
    • Success Stories
    • Temple Grandin (1947- )
      Diagnosed with autism (brain damage) in 1950
      Had supportive mentors from primary school onwards
      At age four, began talking, and making progress
      A "nerdy kid" whom everyone teased; Called "tape recorder”
      Bachelor's degree in psychology in 1970
      Master's degree in animal science in 1975
      Doctoral degree in animal science in 1989
      Professor at Colorado State University
      Bestselling author
      Widely noted for her work in autism advocacy
      Inventor of the Hug Machine
    • Tito & Soma
      Tito RajarshiMukhopadhyay(1989- )
      Diagnosed with severe non-verbal autism when he was 3
      Learned to develop his reading, writing, and thinking abilities through his mother’s method, Soma.
      A published and successful author since 2001
      Communicates through writing
      Has given rare insights into autism: how his autism affects his view of the world
      Soma Mukhopadhyay
      Tito's tireless taskmaster
      By the time Tito was 6, he could write independently.
      Rapid Prompting Method (RPM)
    • Rapid Prompting Method (RPM)
    • Sources and References
      Autism Canada
      Autism physician handbook
      Windsor Public Library Databases
      Autism Speaks
      Autism Resources
      A Mother’s Courage: A documentary on Autism
      Science Daily
    • National Resources
      • Canada
      • Autism Speaks: NA’s largest autism science, awareness and advocacy organization
      • http://www.autismspeaks.ca/autism-speaks-canada
      • Autism Canada: registered Canadian Charity
      • http://www.autismcanada.org/
      • Autism Society Canada
      • www.autismsocietycanada.com
      • Ontario
      • Autism Ontario
      www.autismsociety.on.ca
      • ABACUS
      http://www.abacuslist.ca/
      • Asperger Society Ontario
      www.aspergers.ca
      • Ontario Adult Autism Research and Support Network (OAARSN)
      http://www.ont-autism.uoguelph.ca/
      • Ministry of Children and Youth Services
      http://www.children.gov.on.ca/
    • International Resources
      • Autism Today: largest autism-related information online; multilingual
      • Action for Autism: worldwide links to autism organization, resources in about 100 different countries
      www.autism-india.org/worldorgs.com
      • Center for the Study of Autism
      www.autism.org
      • Autistic Living: site developed by parents for parents
      www.autisticliving.com
      • Autism Speaks: world's largest autism advocacy organization
      http://www.autismspeaks.org/
      • Autism Resources: over 16 languages
      www.autism-resources/links/nonenglish.html
      • Australia
      http://www.autism.net.au/
      • Autism Society of America (ASA)
      www.autism-society.org
      • Autism Research Institute
      www.autism.com/