An Introduction to Autism
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An Introduction to Autism

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This presentation is an introductory presentation on Autism (ASD): together with the list of lots of online sources and organizations that can help you to find out more information on this type of ...

This presentation is an introductory presentation on Autism (ASD): together with the list of lots of online sources and organizations that can help you to find out more information on this type of brain developmental disorder.

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An Introduction to Autism An Introduction to Autism Presentation Transcript

  • An Introduction to Autism
  • What is Autism?
    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of disorders with common disabilities in three key areas:
    Social awareness and interaction
    Language and other communication skills
    Imaginative play (variable interests and behaviours)
    Autism consists of disorders of development of brain functions
    Causes are not yet known for sure
    Autism affects families in all races, cultures all around the world
  • Shocking Statistics
    1 out of every 110 children
    Four times as many boys than girls
     More common than pediatric cancer, AIDS and diabetes combined
     Costs $80-$100,000 each year to treat
     No medical detection for autism
     No known cure
     A lifelong condition
    http://www.autismspeaks.ca/autism-speaks-canada
  • Spectrum of Autism
  • Labels of Autism
    • Autistic Savants: distinctive abilities in art, music, mathematics or memory. 1% in the whole population
    • Asperger's Syndrome
    • Seven times as many people as classic autism; average to higher IQ
    • Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)
    • Classic Autism and Kanner Autism
    • Two-thirds of classic autism: severely to mildly handicapped in cognition and intellect
    • Classic Autism: four times more common in boys than in girls
  • Causes of Autism
    Unknown, No guidelines for preventing
    • Invalid theories
    • Postnatal environment: allergies, and exposure of children to drugs, vaccines, infection, certain foods
    • Lack of Vitamin D
    • Refrigerator mother
    • Valid theories
    • Genetic factors: the most significant cause
    • Prenatal environment: age in either parent (m40+; f40+, m-30); diabetes, bleeding, and use of psychiatric drugs in the mother during pregnancy
  • Signs of Autism: Strengths
    • Reading skills
    • Exceptional balance
    • Drawing skills
    • Computer skills
    • Exceptional memory
    • Music skills
  • Signs of Autism: Weaknesses
    • Social Interaction
    • Communication
    • Bizarre behaviours
    • Repetitive behaviours
    • Sensory issues
    • Motor issues
    • Self-injuries behaviours
  • When Does Autism Appear?
    Several symptoms appear by 18 months of age:
    Poor eye contact, trouble with pretend play and imitation, delayed communication skills, Joint attention
    Average age of diagnosis: About three years old
    Regression: Stop using the language, play, or social skills they had already learned; usually between the first and second birthdays
  • Treatments & Therapies
    Disabilities are lifelong and there is no known cure
    • Biomedical
    • Medication
    • Diets
    • Behavioural
    • Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)
    • Son-Rise Program
    • Communication therapies
    • Sign Language
    • Facilitated Communication (FC)
    • Other Therapies
    • Music Therapy
    • Service Dogs
  • Success Stories
  • Temple Grandin (1947- )
    Diagnosed with autism (brain damage) in 1950
    Had supportive mentors from primary school onwards
    At age four, began talking, and making progress
    A "nerdy kid" whom everyone teased; Called "tape recorder”
    Bachelor's degree in psychology in 1970
    Master's degree in animal science in 1975
    Doctoral degree in animal science in 1989
    Professor at Colorado State University
    Bestselling author
    Widely noted for her work in autism advocacy
    Inventor of the Hug Machine
  • Tito & Soma
    Tito RajarshiMukhopadhyay(1989- )
    Diagnosed with severe non-verbal autism when he was 3
    Learned to develop his reading, writing, and thinking abilities through his mother’s method, Soma.
    A published and successful author since 2001
    Communicates through writing
    Has given rare insights into autism: how his autism affects his view of the world
    Soma Mukhopadhyay
    Tito's tireless taskmaster
    By the time Tito was 6, he could write independently.
    Rapid Prompting Method (RPM)
  • Rapid Prompting Method (RPM)
  • Sources and References
    Autism Canada
    Autism physician handbook
    Windsor Public Library Databases
    Autism Speaks
    Autism Resources
    A Mother’s Courage: A documentary on Autism
    Science Daily
  • National Resources
    • Canada
    • Autism Speaks: NA’s largest autism science, awareness and advocacy organization
    • http://www.autismspeaks.ca/autism-speaks-canada
    • Autism Canada: registered Canadian Charity
    • http://www.autismcanada.org/
    • Autism Society Canada
    • www.autismsocietycanada.com
    • Ontario
    • Autism Ontario
    www.autismsociety.on.ca
    • ABACUS
    http://www.abacuslist.ca/
    • Asperger Society Ontario
    www.aspergers.ca
    • Ontario Adult Autism Research and Support Network (OAARSN)
    http://www.ont-autism.uoguelph.ca/
    • Ministry of Children and Youth Services
    http://www.children.gov.on.ca/
  • International Resources
    • Autism Today: largest autism-related information online; multilingual
    • Action for Autism: worldwide links to autism organization, resources in about 100 different countries
    www.autism-india.org/worldorgs.com
    • Center for the Study of Autism
    www.autism.org
    • Autistic Living: site developed by parents for parents
    www.autisticliving.com
    • Autism Speaks: world's largest autism advocacy organization
    http://www.autismspeaks.org/
    • Autism Resources: over 16 languages
    www.autism-resources/links/nonenglish.html
    • Australia
    http://www.autism.net.au/
    • Autism Society of America (ASA)
    www.autism-society.org
    • Autism Research Institute
    www.autism.com/