An Introduction to Autism


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This presentation is an introductory presentation on Autism (ASD): together with the list of lots of online sources and organizations that can help you to find out more information on this type of brain developmental disorder.

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An Introduction to Autism

  1. 1. An Introduction to Autism<br />
  2. 2. What is Autism?<br />Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of disorders with common disabilities in three key areas:<br />Social awareness and interaction<br />Language and other communication skills<br />Imaginative play (variable interests and behaviours)<br />Autism consists of disorders of development of brain functions<br />Causes are not yet known for sure<br />Autism affects families in all races, cultures all around the world<br />
  3. 3. Shocking Statistics<br />1 out of every 110 children<br />Four times as many boys than girls<br /> More common than pediatric cancer, AIDS and diabetes combined<br /> Costs $80-$100,000 each year to treat<br /> No medical detection for autism<br /> No known cure<br /> A lifelong condition<br /><br />
  4. 4. Spectrum of Autism<br />
  5. 5. Labels of Autism<br /><ul><li>Autistic Savants: distinctive abilities in art, music, mathematics or memory. 1% in the whole population
  6. 6. Asperger's Syndrome
  7. 7. Seven times as many people as classic autism; average to higher IQ
  8. 8. Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)
  9. 9. Classic Autism and Kanner Autism
  10. 10. Two-thirds of classic autism: severely to mildly handicapped in cognition and intellect
  11. 11. Classic Autism: four times more common in boys than in girls</li></li></ul><li>Causes of Autism<br />Unknown, No guidelines for preventing<br /><ul><li>Invalid theories
  12. 12. Postnatal environment: allergies, and exposure of children to drugs, vaccines, infection, certain foods
  13. 13. Lack of Vitamin D
  14. 14. Refrigerator mother
  15. 15. Valid theories
  16. 16. Genetic factors: the most significant cause
  17. 17. Prenatal environment: age in either parent (m40+; f40+, m-30); diabetes, bleeding, and use of psychiatric drugs in the mother during pregnancy</li></li></ul><li>Signs of Autism: Strengths<br /><ul><li>Reading skills
  18. 18. Exceptional balance
  19. 19. Drawing skills
  20. 20. Computer skills
  21. 21. Exceptional memory
  22. 22. Music skills</li></li></ul><li>Signs of Autism: Weaknesses<br /><ul><li>Social Interaction
  23. 23. Communication
  24. 24. Bizarre behaviours
  25. 25. Repetitive behaviours
  26. 26. Sensory issues
  27. 27. Motor issues
  28. 28. Self-injuries behaviours</li></li></ul><li>When Does Autism Appear?<br />Several symptoms appear by 18 months of age: <br />Poor eye contact, trouble with pretend play and imitation, delayed communication skills, Joint attention<br />Average age of diagnosis: About three years old<br />Regression: Stop using the language, play, or social skills they had already learned; usually between the first and second birthdays<br />
  29. 29. Treatments & Therapies <br />Disabilities are lifelong and there is no known cure<br /><ul><li>Biomedical
  30. 30. Medication
  31. 31. Diets
  32. 32. Behavioural
  33. 33. Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)
  34. 34. Son-Rise Program
  35. 35. Communication therapies
  36. 36. Sign Language
  37. 37. Facilitated Communication (FC)
  38. 38. Other Therapies
  39. 39. Music Therapy
  40. 40. Service Dogs</li></li></ul><li>Success Stories<br />
  41. 41. Temple Grandin (1947- )<br />Diagnosed with autism (brain damage) in 1950<br />Had supportive mentors from primary school onwards<br />At age four, began talking, and making progress<br />A "nerdy kid" whom everyone teased; Called "tape recorder” <br />Bachelor's degree in psychology in 1970<br />Master's degree in animal science in 1975<br />Doctoral degree in animal science in 1989<br />Professor at Colorado State University<br />Bestselling author<br />Widely noted for her work in autism advocacy<br />Inventor of the Hug Machine<br />
  42. 42. Tito & Soma<br />Tito RajarshiMukhopadhyay(1989- )<br />Diagnosed with severe non-verbal autism when he was 3<br />Learned to develop his reading, writing, and thinking abilities through his mother’s method, Soma.<br />A published and successful author since 2001<br />Communicates through writing<br />Has given rare insights into autism: how his autism affects his view of the world<br />Soma Mukhopadhyay<br />Tito's tireless taskmaster<br />By the time Tito was 6, he could write independently. <br />Rapid Prompting Method (RPM)<br />
  43. 43. Rapid Prompting Method (RPM)<br />
  44. 44. Sources and References<br />Autism Canada<br />Autism physician handbook<br />Windsor Public Library Databases<br />Autism Speaks<br />Autism Resources<br />A Mother’s Courage: A documentary on Autism<br />Science Daily<br />
  45. 45. National Resources<br /><ul><li>Canada
  46. 46. Autism Speaks: NA’s largest autism science, awareness and advocacy organization
  47. 47.
  48. 48. Autism Canada: registered Canadian Charity
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Autism Society Canada
  51. 51.
  52. 52. Ontario
  53. 53. Autism Ontario</li></ul><br /><ul><li>ABACUS</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Asperger Society Ontario</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Ontario Adult Autism Research and Support Network (OAARSN)</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Ministry of Children and Youth Services</li></ul><br />
  54. 54. International Resources<br /><ul><li>Autism Today: largest autism-related information online; multilingual
  55. 55. Action for Autism: worldwide links to autism organization, resources in about 100 different countries</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Center for the Study of Autism</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Autistic Living: site developed by parents for parents</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Autism Speaks: world's largest autism advocacy organization</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Autism Resources: over 16 languages</li></ul>www.autism-resources/links/nonenglish.html<br /><ul><li>Australia</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Autism Society of America (ASA)</li></ul><br /><ul><li>Autism Research Institute</li></ul><br />