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  • 1. Conflict Trap
    Olivia Devoti, Ava Di Leo, Francesca Druback, Kim Geissler, Vanessa Gutzeit, DanicaPagulayan, Kelly Zdanowicz
  • 2. Causes of Conflict
    Proven Causes:
    Low income
    Slow growth
    Dependence on primary commodity exports
    Others:
    Donations from despotic communities
    Geography
    Those who have recently had conflict (Within 10 years)
    Disproven Causes:
    Political repression
    Particular racial/ethnic groups are repressed
    Intergroup hatreds
    Income inequality
    Colonial history
    Ethnic diversity
  • 3. Other Problems Caused by Increased Conflict
    • Longer conflict causes:
    • 4. Lower income
    • 5. Exports to become more valuable
    • 6. Wartime economy traps country in a spending cycle
    • 7. Military spending has to remain increased after conflict has ended
  • Child Soilders
    Reasons for Joining Conflict:
    Hopes of attaining wealth
    Lives or families lives are threatened
    Kidnapped
    Young/Uneducated
    Ex: Lord’sResistenceArmy
    Effects:
    Original rebellion cause is harder to follow because of young and uneducated group
    Children loose education and therefore hinder the countries future of rising out of conflict trap
  • 8. Effects of Conflict
    Reduced growth of 2.3 percent per year
    Average of $64 billion
    Deterioration in political rights
    Population shifts causing:
    Epidemics
    Refugees
    Deaths
    Generates territory outside the control of recognized government
    Increased crime
    Illegal activity
    Osama bin Laden
  • 9. The Conflict Trap
    Bottom billion at 1/6 risk of falling into trap
    Two Scenarios:
    Conflict right after independence or previous conflict
    Long peace and then conflict
    Both cause:
    All growth made in peace time to be lost
    Increases risk of further war
    Legacy of organized killing
    Armies are not longer trusted
    ex: Republic of Congo
    Trap:
    Growth decrease from war and cost of war move countries right back into conflict because this keeps them with the 3 causes
    After conflict countries have 50% chance of re-entering into conflict and need approximately half a decade to make up growth lost, making it almost impossible to ever make up lost growth because they continue to fall into conflict
  • 10. Countries in the Conflict Trap
  • Coups
    Caused by:
    Low income
    Low growth
    Once a country has a coup they are more likely to have more coups
    Cause the country to be more afraid of their own military
    coup d'etat- the violent overthrow or alteration of an existing government by a small group
  • 21. Prevention
    Allow foreign countries to come and take command of the country that is in jeopardy
    Because
    Foreign intervention ends a conflict by:
    • helping one side defeat the other
    • 22. acting as a mediator
    • 23. creating a peaceful settlement between the warring parties
    • http://www.globalissues.org/article/84/conflicts-in-africa-introduction
    • 24. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1582308,00.html
    • 25. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIoJrrKixBM
    • 26. http://www.ohrd.wisc.edu/onlinetraining/resolution/aboutwhatisit.htm
    • 27. http://www.un.org/children/conflict/english/videos.htm
    • 28. http://www.nation.co.ke/image/view/-/553248/medRes/61205/-/maxw/600/-/1pd4b6/-/congo1011f.gif
    • 29. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/11/18/article-0-027F3118000005DC-398_468x313.jpg
    Works Cited