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Introduction Location and Geography Cultural Heritage Weather Festivals Cuisine Arts Fashion & Design Lands & Tourism Sports Achievments Legends Role of Women
Official Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Land of the Pure) Nationality: Pakistani Date of Estabilishment: 14 Aug 1947 Languages:Urdu (National) and English (Official) National Sport: Hockey National Dress: Shalwar Qameez Location:South Asia Area: 796,095 sq km nearly four times the size of the United Kingdom Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Islamabad (Capital), Azad Kashmir Population: 187,343,000 (2011 est.)
A place of world’s leading Civilizations: Indus Civilization: Witnessed the glorious era of Indus civilization about 8000 years B.C when the first village was found at Mehargarh in the Sibi District of Balochistan. Home of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China. Polished stone tools, beads and other ornaments, painted jars and bowls, drinking glasses, dishes and plates Two famous archeological site Moenjodaro (Sindh, Pakistan) and Harappa ( Punjab, northeast Pakistan)
Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro Surviving structures at Mohenjo-Daro A childrens toy from Mohenjo-DaroPriest King of Mohenjo-Daro Well and Bathing Platforms- Harappa Coach driver Indus - Harappa
Land attracted Alexander the great from Macedonia in 326 B.C. Taxila, Swat and Charsaddah are three important centers for culture, trade and learning. Unique art of sculpture originated which is known as Gandhara Art all over the world. Today the Gandhara Sculptures occupy a prominent place not only in the museums in pakistan but also in the museums of England, France, Germany, USA, Japan, Korea, China, India and Afghanistan. Hadda is a Greco-Buddhist archeological site located in the ancient area of Gandhara, near the Khyber Pass.
Female, Charsadda, Gandhara Coin of Early Gandhara Standing Buddha, Gandhara Janapada:Taxila-Gandhara (1st–2nd century), Tokyo National MuseumA stone plate (1st century). Portraits from the site of Hadda, Hadda laughing boy Gandhara, Guimet Museum, France
Islam penetrated in this part of the world as early as 712 A.D from the west with the Arab General Muhammad bin Qasim and during the 10th century A.D from the north with the Turk Sultan Mahmud of Ghaznah ( better known as Mahmud Ghaznavi). Islamic world are created with a period of contribution to scientific knowledge, cultural arts, civilization and architecture, both by developing earlier traditions and by a period of relatively rapid and marked innovation. Tens of thousands of Mosques, Madrasahs, tombs and gardens were created. The national dress of Pakistan, “ Shalwar Qamiz” is also a direct gift of the Muslim Turks. Important contribution of the Muslim rulers to this land is a new language „Urdu‟.
Diwan-e-Khas: The hall of special audience with the emperor (Lahore Fort-Front center view)The Lahore Fort, a landmarkbuilt during the Mughal era
Sikh Period: 1762-1849 A.D. Established after the death of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir in 1707. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the most powerful of all the Sikh Rulers and ruled over for complete 40 years. Sikhs are the followers of Baba Guru Nanak Sahib. The Sikh religion is in fact a product of the Sufi and Bhakti school of thought. The basic principles of the Sikhism are much closer to Islam than to Hinduism. Sikh Heritage in Pakistan Haveli, Rangit Singh Gujranwala Birth Stone of Rangit Singh Smadhi Ranjit Singh Punja Sahib, Hasanabdal
Smadhi Ranjit Singh, LahoreHaveli, Rangit Singh Gujranwala Interior Smadhi Ranjit Singh, Lahore Exterior of Panja Sahib Gurdwara inGurdwara Panja Sahib,Hasan Abdal Hasan Abdal Sikh Praying
British Period: 1857 – 1947 Just before the independence of Pakistan this land remained a part of the British Empire for almost a century. This colonial architecture in the form of Residential Bungalows, Educational Institutions, Churches and Railway Stations is still very attractive and in a good condition. British Heritage in Pakistan Old Presidency in Rawalpindi Rest house in Ziarat Empress Market Karachi Punjab University‟s old Campus Islamia College Peshawar Cathedrals in Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Peshawar