معمار المعلومات

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معمار المعلومات

  1. 1. ‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫‪Information Architecture‬‬ ‫ﳎﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺮﰲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺆﻛﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﺧﺘﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻨﻈﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺟﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺃ.ﺩ. ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺎﻫﲔ‬
  2. 2. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫"ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ“ ﺍﳌﺨﻄﻂ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﻟﻜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﻵﺗﻴﺔ:‬‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻹﺧﺮﺍﺝ – ﺍﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ – ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺟﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺣﺔ –‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ – ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ – ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻴﺔ.‬‫ﻭﲟﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﺁﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﶈﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻭﻇﻴﻔﺘﻬﺎ.‬
  3. 3. ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬
  4. 4. ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫1. ﺃﳕﺎﻁ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ‪ ,Information Usage Pattern‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ‬‫ﺳﻴﺎﻕ "ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ", ﻭﺗﺼﻒ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺪﻓﻘﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ. ﻭﺗﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺃﳕﺎﻁ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﲔ ﻭﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﺮﺳﲔ ﻓﻘﻂ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﲔ ﺃﻭ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻘﻂ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻹﻋﺎﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺋﻤﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻴﻊ.‬ ‫•‬
  5. 5. ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫2. ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ‪ Information Access Points‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻗﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﲤﻜﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺮﺟﺎﻋﻬﺎ. ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺘﻬﺎ:‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻌﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﲑﺓ .‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﳊﺼﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ.‬ ‫•‬
  6. 6. ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫3. ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ ‪ Taxonomy‬ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﶈﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺱ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬‫ﺑﻜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ. ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺗﺞ ﲢﻠﻴﻞ ﺃﳕﺎﻁ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺗﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ. ﻭﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﲢﺪﻳـﺪ ﺃﺳـﻠﻮﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻨﻈﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺫﻟـﻚ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻮﺀ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ. ﻭﻳﺘﺠﺴﺪ ﺍﻟﺘـﺼﻨﻴﻒ‬‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﻋﻦ ﳏﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳋﺪﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ.‬
  7. 7. ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫4. ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻳﺔ ‪ Administration structure‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺍﻟﺘـﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﺋـﻲ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﲔ ﻋﻦ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ, ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳـﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﺗﺘﺎﺡ ﻓﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ.‬‫ﺍﳍﻴﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﲟﺎ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺗﺘﺎﺑﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﳍﺮﻣﻲ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﳍﺎ.‬ ‫•‬
  8. 8. ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫5. ﺗﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ‪ Information Flow‬ﺗﺼﻒ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ.‬‫ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺗﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﺗﺎﺣﺔ.‬ ‫•‬
  9. 9. ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫6. ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﻳﺔ ‪ Standards and Guidelines‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﲢﻜﻢ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﺎ, ﻭﲢﺪﺩ ﺑﺪﻗﺔ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﲤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﻭﺻﻔﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ )ﺍﻷﻟﻮﺍﻥ + ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺃﺣﺠﺎﻣﻬﺎ + ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ...ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ(‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻭﺻﻒ ﻭﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺻﻮﻓﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ. ﻣﺜﻼ 2-‪AACR‬‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺧﻄﻂ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﺭﺅﻭﺱ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﺃﲰﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﺍﻥ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫•‬
  10. 10. ‫ﺃﳕﺎﻁ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﳌﻌ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋ‬‫ﺻﻮﻝ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻳﲑ ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺩﻳ‬‫ﺪ ﺍﻹﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬
  11. 11. ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﳒﺮﺱ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪http://www.loc.gov/index.html‬‬
  12. 12. ‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﺗﺞ ﺗﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫ﻳﻌﺪ "ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ" ﻧﺎﺗﺞ ﺗﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﺔ ﰲ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ:‬ ‫‪Content‬‬ ‫)1( ﺍﳌﻀﻤﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺻﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﻧﺼﺎﺋﺢ ﻃﺒﻴﺔ ﳌﻨﺘﺪﻯ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺐ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻲ ﻭﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭ ﻟﻠﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﻓﲏ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪Context‬‬ ‫)2( ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﻋﻴﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﲟﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻭﺗﻴﺴﲑ ﺍﻻﻓﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺑﺎﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﻗﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪ ﻭﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﲥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪Consumers/Users‬‬ ‫)3( ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﺔ...ﲣ ﰲ ﺳﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺮ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ.‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻒ ﰲ ﻕ ﻣﻜﺘﺒ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﲨﻬﻮﺭ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻏﲑ ﳏﺪﺩ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﺘﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻼﺏ ﻭﻓﻨﺎﻧﲔ.‬ ‫•‬
  13. 13. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺟﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻴﺪﺓ ﺑﲔ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﺧﺘﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻨﻈﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻭﻃﺮﻕ ﲝﺜﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺮﺟﺎﻋﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻳﺆﻛﺪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﰲ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻵﰐ:‬ ‫ﺃﳘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺼﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻀﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﶈﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺇﻳﺼﺎﻟﻪ ﳉﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺑﲔ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻃﺮﻕ‬‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻤﻪ ﻭﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﺴﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻗﺔ.‬
  14. 14. ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻵﺗﻴﺔ ﻭﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫“ﺍﻟﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ”‬
  15. 15. 1
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  17. 17. 3
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  19. 19. 5
  20. 20. 6
  21. 21. ‫ﺷﻜﺮﺍً‬
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