What is architecture
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What is architecture

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Understanding Architecture, what architecture is and what it is not.

Understanding Architecture, what architecture is and what it is not.

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  • 1. WHAT IS ARCHITECTURE?!Architect Shereen Khashaba
  • 2. Frank Lloyd Wright on Architecture What is architecture anyway? Is it the vast collection of the various buildings which have been built to please the varying taste of the various lords of mankind? I think not. No, I know that architecture is life; or at least it is life itself taking form and therefore it is the truest record of life as it was lived in the world yesterday, as it is lived today or ever will be lived. So architecture I know to be a Great Spirit Architecture is that great living creative spirit which from generation to generation, from age to age, proceeds, persists, creates, according to the nature of man, and his circumstances as they change. That is really architecture
  • 3. Vincent ScullyArchitecture is a continuing dialogue between generations -which creates an environment across time.Mies van der Rohe“Architecture is the will of an epoch translated intospacePhilip Johnson“All architecture is shelter, all great architecture is thedesign of space that contains, cuddles, exalts, orstimulatesthe persons in that space.” Frank Lloyd Wright The mother art is architecture. Without an architecture of our own we have no soul of our own civilization
  • 4. What Architecture Isnt?!
  • 5. Architecture is not aArchitecture is not simply box of decorating a box decorated the result inside and out it is true that many architects often treat their work as just applying candy floss to a box, but while this may occasionally produce what might be called good craft, it is more usually just bad architecture, and certainly not good art.
  • 6. Architecture is not Frank sculpture Gehrys Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao praised by morons as architectural sculpture. Glaring incoherence under the Spanish sun, a beautifully crafted celebration of disorientation. Also an excellent example of what architecture is not.
  • 7. Architecture is not representatiarchitecture does not do literalrepresentation well unless you simply viewarchitecture as a signboard. Architecture isin fact closer to Aristotles concept ofmimesis: as Wright said: architectureinvolves "making human life more natural,and nature more humane."The Egyptian Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara. Not aplace where youd want to live - but of course, thiswasnt a place to live.. This was a place to die, orat least in which to spend eternity as a corpse.For thousands of years the Egyptians performedprodigious feats to celebrate death. They did itvery well.
  • 8. Architecture is not bricks and mArchitecture is often thoughtof as just so manyelevations and so manyarchitectural features, butto think in these terms is tomiss the essence ofarchitecture. The stuff with which the architect works is space - human space.
  • 9. Architecture is not fashion You can’t apply anything any where…We should only apply things when it makes sense.
  • 10. Architecture does what no other art can do:All other art forms recreate some portion of theworld - a single human figure, or a two-dimensional scene on a canvas.Only architecture can create a totalenvironment, one that literally surrounds theviewer.Architecture creates a man-made, idealizedworld - an environment created by the architectto fit the kind of life he sees as proper to man.Architecture conveys a view of man indirectly,not by projecting an image of man himself [assculpture, painting and literature do] but byprojecting a proper environment for man to live
  • 11. Terms of architectural workConcept Morphology function Symbolic Dramatic Productive architecture Environment Social Economic friendly
  • 12. Examples ofArchitecture
  • 13. jing National Stadium 2008 Olympics This is a huge structure and Herzog and DeMeuron have contributed some green solutions into their design including a rainwater collecting system, a translucent roof providing sunlight for the natural grass below and a passive ventilation system. “Just as birds stuff the spaces between the woven twigs of their nests with a soft filler, the spaces in the structure of the stadium will be filled with inflated cushions to regulate
  • 14. Beijing National Swimming Center: Blue C Beijing, China PTW Architects, CSCEC+Design, and rup
  • 15. Looking at forms and patterns found innature, the group started designing theskin. They quickly focused on soapbubbles and what happens to theirgeometry when they congregate.It looks blue, but its green.As big, eye-catching Olympicsarchitecture goes, nothing may be assustainable as the Water Cube.Adopting an ETFE pneumatic diecushion structure, the Water Cube is theworlds largest membrane structurebuilding.The 100,000 square meters of the Teflon-like translucent plastic ETFE that makeup the buildings bubble cladding allowin more solar heat than glass, making iteasier to heat the building, which cutsenergy costs by up to 30 percent. Thatsespecially important for a swimmingpool, which requires an enormousamount of heating.Besides the solar energy, all backwashwater of the center is filtered and
  • 16. UNILEVER GERMANY HEADQUARTERS HAMBURG, GERMANY, 2007–2009
  • 17. The central element and heart of thedesign is the generous atrium, floodedbydaylight, which, on the ground floor,givespassers-by the opportunity to get toknowthe company better while browsing inthe shop stocked with Unilever products,sitting in the cafe or relaxing in the spa.The atrium is also the central locationfor people to meet and communicate.
  • 18. The roof landscape will be open to the public.The horizontal and sloping roofs expressmonumentality, and give the building adramaticallydifferent appearance than its neighbors.The expression of openness and accessibilityboth indoors and out will result in the building
  • 19. Jewish Museum BerlinThis geometry is intended tomake you feel physcially illand recreates the terrible purposebehind the campsLibeskind creates a dialoguebetween the past and the presentof the Holocaust, andMost importantly, LIbeskind posesthe question, how do we dealwith the scars from the past?
  • 20. SYDNEY OPERA HOUSEThe Sydney Opera House is a masterpiece of late modern architecture and an iconicbuilding of the 20th century. It is admired internationally and treasured by the people ofAustralia. Created by an architect who had been an avid sailor and understood the sea,the Sydney Opera House inhabits the world-famous maritime location on Sydney Harbourwith such grace that it appears that the building belongs there naturally. The massiveconcrete sculptural shells that form the Sydney Opera House’s roof appear like billowingsails filled by the sea winds with the sunlight and cloud shadows playing across theirshining white surfaces. The Sydney Opera House is unique as a great building of the world that functions as a world-class performing arts centre, a great urban sculpture and a public venue for community activities and tourism. This monumental building has become a symbol of its city and the Australian nation.
  • 21. Burj Al Arab in Dubai
  • 22. The Arc de Triumpha symbol of victory and progress going back thousands of years
  • 23. Key words
  • 24. References:  http://www.famous-quotes.com/topic.php?tid=69  http://www.famousquotesandauthors.com/topics/architects_and_architectur e_quotes.html  http://solohq.solopassion.com/Articles/Cresswell/What_Is_Architecture.shtml  http://www.behnisch.com/#  http://www.ted.com/talks/daniel_libeskind_s_17_words_of_architectural_ins piration.html  http://www.ted.com
  • 25. Thank you