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Important People In Psychology 1000adto1699 Final
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Important People In Psychology 1000adto1699 Final


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  • Transcript

    • 1.  
    • 2.  
    • 3.  
    • 4. Who was he? based ideas on thoughts of Aristotle
    • 5. He believed that...
      • Process of gaining knowledge
      • is NOT like
      • pouring water into a vessel
    • 6. He believed that...
    • 7. Contributions.
      • Added the interior senses:
      To Aristotle’s 5 Senses
    • 8. Other Contributions.
    • 9. Other Contributions.
    • 10.  
    • 11. BY MARVIN LINDER Sir Thomas More (1478-1535)
    • 12.   Sir Thomas More (1478-1535)
      • Accomplishments
      • A Lawyer, author, and statesman who in his lifetime gained a reputation as a leading humanist scholar
      • Coined the word “Utopia", a name he gave to an ideal
      • Pope Pius XI canonized More in the Roman Catholic Church
      • More was declared Patron Saint of politicians and statesmen
      • He expressed the first known request by a Speaker of the House for free speech
      • In 1524 he became chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, a position holding administrative and judicial control of much of northern England.
      • As Lord Chancellor, More had six Lutherans burned at the stake and imprisoned as many as forty others.
    • 13. Sir Thomas More
      • Mores' biggest success the book Utopia,
      • Private property does not exist, and there is almost complete religious toleration.
      • More used the novel describing an imaginary nation as means of freely discussing contemporary controversial matters
      • Utopia is evidence that More greatly valued harmony and a strict hierarchy
    • 14. REN É DESCARTES 1596-1650
    • 15.
      • A famous French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher
      • Often called the “ Father of Modern Science ”
      • Introduced the now famous saying: “ I think, therefore I am .” (Cognito ergo sum).
    • 16.
      • Made major contributions to modern mathematics
        • The Cartesian coordinate system
        • Advancing the theories of equations
      • Founded analytic geometry
      • One of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution
    • 17.
      • A major figure in 17 th century rationalism
      • Sought to devise a method for reaching the truth
      • A Discourse on Method
    • 18. ED473 Cognitive Development MW 09:30-10:50 Dr. MJ Miller
    • 19.
      • Thoughts Concerning Education
      • - Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)
      • 3 Distinct Methods to Educate the Mind:
      • Development of Healthy Body
      • Formation of Virtuous Character
      • Choice of Academic Curriculum
      John Locke, English Philosopher (1632-1704)
    • 20.
      • Believed such facets of an individual’s development were important:
      • Being virtuous
        • Living a decent life
          • (inspiration and models for pupil emulation)
      • Possessing wisdom
        • Foresight to determine choices in life
          • (words of wisdom as in biographies of famous personalities, in proverbs, and in Aesop’s Fables)
      • Having good breeding
        • Good manners
        • Working well with others
          • (social situations and problems in life)
      • Achieving Knowledge
      • (social studies, mathematics, science, literature, art, music, and physical education)
    • 21. TEST TIME! Please take out a half sheet of paper and answer the following multiple choice questions. GOOD LUCK!
    • 22. Test Questions:
      • 1. What was one of the ideas presented that St. Thomas Aquinas believed?
        • a. Water is omnipresent.
        • b. A student is a living agent.
        • c. The body can become transparent.
        • d. One can live forever.
      • 2. Which philosopher did St. Thomas Aquinas based some of his ideas from?
      • a. Plato
      • b. Socrates c. Aristotle
      • d . Roger Bacon
      • 3. Which of the following additional senses did St. Thomas add to Aristotle’s 5 senses?
      • a. cognitive power, imagination, & memory
      • b. intuition, perception, & curiosity
      • c. clairvoyance & rationalism
      • d. Intelligence & perception
    • 23. Test Questions:
      • 4. Rene Descartes is often called:
        • a. The Father of Modern Mathematics
        • b. The Grandfather of Theology
        • c. The Father of Modern Science
        • d. The Father of Language Arts
      • 5. The now famous saying introduced by Descartes is:
      • a. “I think, therefore I am”
      • b. “Knowledge itself is power” c. “All men by nature desire knowledge”
      • d . In science the credit goes to the man who convinces the world, not the man to whom the idea first occurs.
      • 6. Descartes was a major figure in 17 th century:
      • a. Idealism
      • b. Empiricism
      • c. Nominalism
      • d. Rationalism
    • 24. Test Questions:
      • 7. John Locke believed one of the facets of an individual’s development is,
        • Being generous
        • Achieving Knowledge
        • To be an inspiration and model
        • Working well with others
      • 8. In being virtuous, what choice of book can a student best select?
        • Social Studies and Mathematics
        • Words of Wisdom as in biographies of famous personalities…
        • Social Situations and Problems in Life
        • Inspiration and Models for pupil emulation
      • 9. What is one of John Locke’s methods to educating the mind?
        • Development of a Perfect Body
        • Formation of a Virtuous Character
        • Choice of books to select from
        • None of the above.
    • 25. Test Questions:
      • 10. What was the word More coined and later wrote a book about?
        • a. Humanist
        • b. Utopia
        • c. Law
        • d. Religion
      • 11. What did More do to six Lutherans in England?
        • a. Jailed
        • b. Shot to death
        • c. Burned
        • d. Exiled to France
      • 12.  Sir Thomas More was a Lawyer, Author, and Statesman and was famous for being an:
        • a. Priest
        • b. Lord Chancellor
        • c. Humanist
        • d. Executioner
    • 26. Thank you for listening!