Chapter 4 fractures

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Chapter 4 fractures

  1. 1. FRACTURES By Shenitra Dunford
  2. 2. FRACTUREA medical conditionwhere bone is separatedinto two or more pieces
  3. 3. Cause offracturesFractures occur when a bone cannot withstandoutside forces
  4. 4. • Bleeding• Deformity• Inability to move a joint• Numbness and tingling in the affected region• Pain• Redness and warmth• SwellingSYMPTOMS
  5. 5. • COMMON TYPES OF FRACTURES
  6. 6. • ComminutedBut theses are the three • Spiralfractures I will focus on • Green stick
  7. 7. • A comminuted fracture is a fracture in which the bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed in to small pieces or fragments.Comminuted fracture
  8. 8. • A fracture in which the fracture line spirals around the bone shaft• Caused by a twisting injury• Often takes longer to heal than other fracturesSPIRAL FRACTURE
  9. 9. • A fracture in which there is an incomplete break • This type of fracture is commonly seen in children because their bones are not fully developed so they haven’t calcified. Making the bones less likely to break completelyGREEN STICK FRACTURE
  10. 10. Non surgical treatment Surgical treatment• Treatment for fractures includes casts or splints that • Metal plates may be screwed can be applied around a onto your broken bone to fractured limb after the fracture prevent it from moving and to is reduced to limit movement promote healing and encourage healing. • Intramedullary fixation.• Casts are very commonly used Metal rod may be placed inside for mild or moderately severe the center of a long bone to fractures of the extremities. help reattach two ends of a fracture and to maintain• Casts are usually left on for alignment. several weeks. • External fixation Pins and rods may be placed in your bones and continue outside your skin, where they can be attached to a metal cage.TREATMENT
  11. 11. • Apply ice to a fracture to reduce swelling• Do not move a person if a head, neck, or back fracture is suspected• Try to immobilize the broken bone if a person must be moved or carried to safetyTHINGS TO DO IN CASE OF AFRACTURE
  12. 12. THE END

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