INFERTILITY<br />ShenellD<br />
A couple’s inability to achieve pregnancy after 1 year of unprotected intercourse<br />Primary infertility- couple never h...
ETIOLOGY<br />For Females;<br />Ovulatory dysfunction<br />Premature ovarian failure<br />High prolactin levels<br />Fibro...
DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES<br /><ul><li>Serum progesterone level
Ovulation index
Urine stick test
Hysterosalphingopraphy
Pelvic exam
Hysteroscopy
Urinalysis
Semen analysis</li></li></ul><li>MEDICAL MANAGEMENT<br /><ul><li>Pharmacological treatment,
Clomiphene (clomid)
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Infertility

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Infertility

  1. 1. INFERTILITY<br />ShenellD<br />
  2. 2. A couple’s inability to achieve pregnancy after 1 year of unprotected intercourse<br />Primary infertility- couple never had a child<br />Secondary Infertility - At least one conception occurred, but currently the couple cannot achieve a pregnancy<br />
  3. 3. ETIOLOGY<br />For Females;<br />Ovulatory dysfunction<br />Premature ovarian failure<br />High prolactin levels<br />Fibroids, polyps, and congenital malformation<br />obesity<br />For Males :<br />Varicoceles<br />Varicose veins<br />Decreased semen quality<br />Increased testicular temperature<br />
  4. 4. DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES<br /><ul><li>Serum progesterone level
  5. 5. Ovulation index
  6. 6. Urine stick test
  7. 7. Hysterosalphingopraphy
  8. 8. Pelvic exam
  9. 9. Hysteroscopy
  10. 10. Urinalysis
  11. 11. Semen analysis</li></li></ul><li>MEDICAL MANAGEMENT<br /><ul><li>Pharmacological treatment,
  12. 12. Clomiphene (clomid)
  13. 13. Menotropin ( Repronex, Pergonal),
  14. 14. Follitrophin alpha (Gonal-F),
  15. 15. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (leuprolide)
  16. 16. Chorionic gonadotropine
  17. 17. Metformin
  18. 18. Artificial Insemination
  19. 19. In Vitro fertilization</li></li></ul><li>In vitro fertilization<br />
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24. LEVELS OF CARE<br />Promotive<br /><ul><li>Healthy lifestyle
  25. 25. Balanced Nutrition
  26. 26. Regular exercise</li></ul>Curative<br /><ul><li>Pharmacological treatment
  27. 27. Artificial Insemination
  28. 28. In Vitro fertilization</li></ul>Preventive<br /><ul><li>Avoid stress
  29. 29. Do not smoke</li></ul>Rehabilitative<br /><ul><li>Take medication as prescribed
  30. 30. Practice a healthy lifestyle</li></li></ul><li>Thank you!!!!<br />

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