Isabel Briggs Myers was the only child of Lyman Briggs and Katherine CookLyman Briggs a renowned physicist and director of the National Bureau of standard during Franklin Roosevelt’s presidencyIsabel was influenced by her mother Katherine Cook Briggs who was fascinated with children’s educational and social development theories.At the beginning of WWII Isabel Myers wanted to help as she noticed people taking war-related jobs out of patriotism, but hating the tasks that went against their grain-instead of using their gifts and sought to develop a psychological instrument that had as it’s foundation the understanding and appreciation of human differences.Isabel influence by her mother-Katherine Briggs admiration of Jungian typology was determined to devise a method of making Jung’s theory into practical use and the idea for the “type indicator” was born.To the instructor; Speak briefly to the class that Isabel had no formal training in psychology and statistics which cause many renowned psychologists of her time to dismiss her and reject her ideas but her determination aka obsession and persistence until Henry Chauncey the head of the Educational Testing Service impressed with Isabel’s work approached her in 1962 with a proposal for ETS to distribute the test for research purposes.On may 5, 1980 Isabel Briggs Myers died for a battle with cancer.
The MBTI assessment reports preferences on four dichotomies, each consist of two opposite polesConduct hand writing exercise on page 8 (introduction to type booklet)The words the participants use to describe preference for one hand over the other illustrate the theory of preference in the MBTI assessment. Just as one has a preference for one hand everyone has a natural preference for one of the two opposites on each of the four MBTI dichotomies. When use our preferred methods, we are generally at our best and feel most competent, natural, and energetic. To the Instructor;Emphasize that there is no right or wrong to these preferences….by using or preferences in each of these areas we develop what Jung and Myers define as psychological type.Quiz participants!
The natural focus of extraversion is the external worldExtroverts draw their energy from the external worldA person who prefers extraversion focus on the outside world to get their energy though interacting with people and/or doing things (understanding your MBTI Results booklet page 2) The natural focus of introversion is the internal worldIntroverts draw their energy from their internal worldA person who prefers introversion focus on their inner world and get energy through reflecting on information, ideas, and/or concepts. (understanding your MBTI Results Booklet page 2)
SensingType Theory describes people who prefer sensing as practical and concreteA person who prefers sensing (s) notice and trust facts, details, and present realities.IntuitionType theory describes people who prefer intuition as future oriented and conceptualA person who prefers intuition attend to and trust interrelationships, theories, and future possibilities.
ThinkingType theory describes people who prefer thinking and making decisions by using logical analysisA person who prefers thinking make decisions using logical, objective analysis.FeelingType theory describes people who prefer feeling as making decisions by considering personal and group valuesA person who prefers feeling make decisions by applying person-centered values.
JudgingType theory describes people who prefer judging as systematic and scheduledA person who prefers judging tend to be organized and orderly, and to make decisions quickly.PerceivingType theory describes people who prefer perceiving as flexible and open-ended A person who prefers perceiving tend to be flexible and adaptable, and to keep their options open as long as possible.
References:Pages 2-5 Understanding your type bookletPages 1-10 Intro to type booklet
There are 20 facets; 5 per preference pairFacets are components of the four dichotomiesThese 20 facets identify your individuality or uniqueness within your typeClarify or resolve questions or ambivalence about your typeParticular patterns of facets within dichotomies may reflect ways in which less preferred aspects of personalities are expressed
1. To all those who desire to make fuller use of their gif ts.......... I s a b e l Briggs Myers MYERS BRIGGS TYPE INDICATORSource: The information used in the following slides is taken from the American Management Association MBTI Resource guide
2. OBJECTIVESIdentify basic types and preferences as used by Carl Jung in the type indicatorRecognize common behaviors related to each type to enhance team communication
3. OBJECTIVESUncover hidden stereotypes regarding preferences as a means of building trust, understanding, and respect among team membersAnalyze the strengths of the team and potential areas of growth to improve the team’s overall functioning
4. Katherine Cook Lyman Briggs Briggs Isabel Briggs Myers“I dream that long after I am gone my work will go on helping people.” Isabel Briggs Myers, 1979
5. FOUR MBTI DICHOTOMIES• Where we get our energy?Extraversion Introversion E-I• How we take in information?Sensing Intuition S-N• How we make decisions?Thinking Feeling T-F• How we organize our world?Judging Perceiving J-P
6. F E-I O U RExtraversion Introversion D I C H O T O M I EDraws energy from Draws energy from Sthe external world the internal world
7. F S-N O U R Sensing Intuition D I C1 2 3 H O T Taking in and Taking in and O presenting presenting Minformation in a information in a I E sequential way snap shot big S picture way
8. F T-F O U Thinking Feeling R D I C H O T O M I Making decisions bystepping back from the Making decisions by E situation, taking an stepping into the S objective view situation, taking an empathetic view
9. F J-P O UJudging Perceiving R Timeline D I C H O Just in Time! T O M Deadline I Deadline A Spontaneous approach to EA planned approach tomeeting the deadline meeting the deadline with Sin a scheduled way a rush of activity
10. SIXTEEN T YPES
11. CLARITY OF PREFERENCES The role of facets
12. F A (4) (5) Cdichotomies 20 Per facets E preference Pair T S
13. I n EXTRAVERSION (E) INTROVERSION (I) PInitiatingSociable, congenial Mid Out of Receiving Reserved, low-key rIntroduce people In preference zone preference are introduced e f 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 e r e Facet scores in 2-5 range n High levels of agreement with behavioral c description e
14. M EXTRAVERSION (E) INTROVERSION (I) I DInitiating ReceivingSociable, congenial Mid Out of Reserved, low-keyIntroduce people In preference zone preference are introduced 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Z o n Facet Scores of 0 or 1 on either side e AKA , no better or worse than any other result
15. O U T EXTRAVERSION (E) INTROVERSION (I) OInitiatingSociable, congenial Mid Out of Receiving Reserved, low-key FIntroduce people In preference zone preference are introduced P 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 r e f Facet scores of 2-5 on the opposite e side of overall preference dichotomy r Identifies how you may be different e from others in your type n c e
16. Thank you for completingThe Introduction to MBTI online module!