Course Objectives■ Apply the principles of the “what works” movement to reduce re-offending among juveniles.■ Explore the dynamics of change with resistant juveniles.
Course Objectives■ Utilize the four (4) principles of MI; – Express Empathy – Develop Discrepancy – Roll with Resistance – Support Self-Efficacyto reduce the risk of reoffending among Juveniles under the care of Maryland Department of Juvenile services.
Objectives Upon completion of this training participants will be able to:• Explore and demonstrate the four essential micro skills used during motivational interviewing – Open-ended questions – Affirmations – Reflective Listening – Summarizing■ In role play situations, provide opportunities to practice OARS skills.
Course Objectives■ Enhance intrinsic motivation with resistant juveniles by exploring their ambivalence/ resistance.■ In role play situations, demonstrate MI intervention strategies.
A direct juvenile-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change byhelping juveniles to explore and resolve ambivalence.
Open-ended questions begin with: What? How? Tell me about…
Open-ended questions encourage the juvenile to: Express concern about the problem Recognize and explore the problem
Affirmation is used to expose juvenile motivation.Affirmation statements: Support Reinforce Acknowledge attempts made by the juvenile.
When using affirmation statements: Be clear Know what you are affirming Think-what it is you approve of Get to the point
Builds Understanding Trust Respect
Reflective Listener: Concern Interested in speaker Builds rapport Attempts to understand Open-minded
Demonstrate careful listening Describes the pros and cons To the point Allows the juvenile to respond
The juvenile rather than the staff should present the arguments for change. Change is motivated by a perceived discrepancy between present behavior and important goals or values.
Avoid arguing for change. Resistance behavior should NOT be directly opposed. New perspectives are invited but NOT imposed on the juvenile.
The juvenile is the primary resource in finding answers and solutions. Resistance behavior is a signal to respond differently.
Understanding Ambivalence & Resistance1. How you interact with the juvenile impacts on the change process.2. What you model impacts on the change process.3. What you say and do impacts on the change process.
Belief in the possibility of change is an important motivation. The juvenile is responsible for choosing and carrying out personal change. The staff’s own belief in the person’s ability to change becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.