Brett Dalton•Protagonist. He has been sent to a detention centre on The Farm, for committingvarious crimes. “Raw” follows Brett‟s life and the changes that he undergoes duringthis period.Frog – Robert Scully•Is the youngest of the boys on The Farm, he is 12, “only a tadpole”Pg12. Frog isbullied by the bigger boys and when Brett comes to the Farm he seeks hisfriendship; looking up to Brett. Brett becomes a „big brother‟ figure to Frog. Frogeven asks Brett to teach him to fight.Sam•Sam runs The Farm. He and his wife Mary have created a „halfway‟ house fortrouble boys. You can see that Sam cares for the boys that come to him. Sam doeshis best to befriend/guide Brett; however, in the beginning this is not wel acceptedas Brett sees Sam „as the enemy‟.Josh•Antagonist. Josh is a young aboriginal boy who has been on The Farm the longestand is now working on the Farm as a farmhand. Brett and Josh get off to a rockystart in the beginning, but soon realise they have a number of things in common anddevelop a mutual respect for one another.Characters …
„Raw‟ follows the story of BrettDalton, a teenager with an attitudewho has chosen to succumb to peerpressure and live outside the law.After being „picked-up‟ for variousminor offences, Brett finds himself atthe mercy of a tough judge who sendshim to The farm in the home ofrehabilitating him. The story followsBrett‟s life on the farm and whether ornot the experience has the power to„change‟ him.Plot …
Brett Arrives In Mungindi• “a country town split in half by theQueensland-New South walesborder” (Page 3)• “He (Brett) didn‟t know where hewas and didn‟t want to…he realisedone unknown town was asunknown as the rest” (Page 2)• He got his first look at Mungindiabout two-thirty. It was worse thanhe expected … His life was to besucked out of him just like thetown‟s had” (Page 5)
Brett Arrives On The Farm• “It sounded like a pushover. Just OldMcDonald and a couple of geese … it aimedto turn troublemakers like himself into modelcitizens. As if”. (Page 3)• “There wasn‟t anything worth pinching” (page12) about Sam and Mary‟s house.• “Brett was allowed to help himself to anythingon the table” (Page 12)• “No-hopers like this one will never get a jobbecause …” (Page 20) police officer aboutBrett.• “Sam. He was the enemy” (Page 20)• Sam on The Farm; “This isn‟t a detentioncentre … It‟s more of a halfway house foryoung guys like you” (Page 25)
FEATURES• What languagefeatures areused to createmeaning in thistext?
CONTEXT• What is/was happeningin the world when thistext was composed?• Historical/Cultural/Social
REGISTER• Does Monk usedifferent types oflanguage toconvey meaningthroughout thetext?
STRUCTURE• How has Monkstructured the textto create meaning?• Why do you thinkhe made thesechoices?
SHAPESMEANING• Through the choiceof form, structureand languagefeatures Monkshapes meaning.
Physical JourneyImaginative JourneyInner JourneyMODULE C : JOURNEY
Composer: The person or persons who create somethingIntertextuality: The idea that almost all texts are linkedand we understand them better if we know these links.Point-of-View: We all read a text from our own personalpoint-of-view. Mental state, age, cultures, socio-economicstatus and wealth can all effect/alter perspectives.Responder: you are responding to what you read/viewetc. You are not just passive.Value: what we see to be „of worth‟ in a text.Useful Vocabulary:
A Journey can take many forms:• Short-term, long-term, significant, superficial, personal, physical, societal, scientific, emotional, psychological, cultural, historical, emotional, mental,spiritual, intellectual.Activity:Using at least three of the termsabove. Briefly describe Brett‟sJourney in Raw. (one paragraph)
Aspects of Journeys:• Divergent, enlightening, erratic, expedition, exploration, flight, impulsive, learning, lessons, metaphorical, migration, movement, mission, nomadism, obstacles, passage, pilgrimage, rambling, roam, route, roving, spontaneous, understanding, travel, wayward.Activity:Using two of the texts we have studied, andat least four of the words above, Brieflydescribe how journeys can vary inlength, purpose, nature and result. (twoparagraphs)
MODULE C : JOURNEYWhat is Raw about?WHAT?How does Monk createmeaning?HOW?Why does Monk use thesetechniques?WHY?
Raw – No Fairytale• Raw is about choice. It is the choicesthat Brett has made that has led to hisincarceration.• Brett is sent to The Farm for a three month period.The novel tells us that Brett doesn‟t come from anabusive family and he also doesn‟t undergo a„radical transformation‟. Brett is a regularteenager, he has made a few bad choices, and hassuccumb to peer pressure. He has the opportunityto change his life.• “Just remember, Brett: only you can change yourlife.” (page 86) Sam to Brett.• “He was free and happy and wanted to start a newlife on his terms. Not the court‟s. Not his family‟s.Not Sam‟s. But on his term‟s.” (page 88)
Brett begins to becomemore aware of the worldaround him. SelfAwareness• “Brett felt real fear” (page 76)• “He was scared of what wouldhappen to him now that he hadno money, and scared thatsomething worse could havehappened last night … He wasspooking himself” (page 98)
Brett Vs The System• Raw is about Brett coming tounderstand that there areconsequences for his actions and thatthose actions affect others.• “To Brett, Sam was everything he resentedhere. The more he tried to change him, themore Brett would resist. Brett wasn‟t going tofollow any rules or become the man‟s buddylike all the other losers. He was happy withwho he was and the way he lived. He‟d beatthe system before it beat him. In the end Brettwould win.” (page 57)
Brett‟s perspective on family:• Mary – “Do you have parents Brett?„Yer, two. They split up a couple yearsago but sorted things through recently.They‟re good people but they can‟thandle this one” Police officer Gallagher(Page 13)• “Dreaming of home, Brett started to thinkabout his parents … They were goodpeople and the only ones who‟d stuck byhim.” (Page 41)• “Nice parents you have Caitlyn”. “We‟rebetter than yours, I reckon” came theresponse from Caitlyn‟s father. (Page228)
Brett Relationships:• Over time, Brett starts to reconsider hisrelationships.• Despite the obvious care andcompassion Sam shows for the boys inhis care, Brett still sees him as theenemy.• He and Josh first get off on the wrongfoot. To Brett, Josh is an extension of theFarm, Sam‟s boy.• Even in matters of the heart, Brett beginsto change. He begins to see his formerrelationship with Rebecca as a negativepart of his life. He is ready to move on tosomething better, someone like Caitlyn.
How Meaning is Made …Meaning is madewhen the responder(you) comes to anunderstanding oftexts.
How Meaning is Made …Authors use avariety of techniquesto convey thismeaning to theiraudience
How Meaning is Made …It is important to be ableto identify techniquesused by the author andequally as important tobe able to discuss theireffect.
Scott Monk uses:Plot DevelopmentCharacterisationLiterary DevicesLanguage Techniques
Literary DevicesThese are the tools that an author uses to tell their story:CharacterisationSymbolism and MotifThemesNarration
Characterisation in Raw by Scott MonkProtagonist• Brett is the Protagonist of the “Raw”.• We know this because we come to understand the noveland life on The Farm through Brett‟s feelings, hisexperiences and the interactions he has with others.Activity: Using Brett‟s feelings, his experiences and theinteractions he has with others, comment on what life onThe Farm would be like.
Themes in Raw by Scott MonkTeenage RebellionPower/AuthorityChoicePeer Pressure
Narration in Raw by Scott MonkThird Person• “Raw” is written using a third-person narrative style.• The language indicators that show us this are the use ofpronouns like, “he”, “she”, “they” etc.• Third-person narration means that the novel is not written fromone person‟s perspective, or point of view.Activity: Why do you think Monk chose to use thisnarrative style? As the responder to this text, do you seeany advantage in using Third-person narration?
Language TechniquesThese are the tools that an author uses to tell their story.IronySymbolismImagerySound
Literary Devices: IronyIrony occurs when we are able tosee the difference between realityand appearance.In “Raw” we see an example of„situational irony‟. Brett is a thief;however, when he becomes thevictim he is forced to reconsiderhis past actions.
Literary Devices: SymbolismSymbolism occurs when some aspect ofthe story, like a person, object, or location,actually represents something else.In “Raw” the weather can be seen tosymbolise, or reflect the way that Brett isfeeling or some kind of inner struggle.When Brett first arrives on the Farm (pg 9)a bolt of sunlight flashes him in the eyes.
Literary Devices: ImageryAuthors use imagery to emhasise anidea or when they present an idea thatessentially stands for something else.Symbolism and Figurative Languageare devices used to create imagery.“I was raped” on hearing this admissionfrom Josh, “He (Brett) wasshivering, but not because of the coldwind”
Literary Devices: SoundAuthors use sounds to convey meaning andheighten emotion and feeling. Monk usesOnomatopoeia; the technique where the worditself imitates the sound.“BOOM! BOOM! … Josh thinks he can ridePaterson‟s brumby” (Page 30) This is where weare introduced to Josh for the first time, herecklessly bounds into Brett‟s life.“The Mustang rocked … but the engine just rrr-rrr-rrred and died” (Page 98) Brett hitchhiking.
It is important to identifythe technique and to alsobe able to say why it isused, and the effect on theresponder (you).
Writing an AnalyticalResponse• Develop an argument that shows your understanding oftext and the way it was created.Knowledge andUnderstanding• develop a point of view, connecting ideas from the textto your essay question.Analysis• support that view through close textual references andanalysisApplication• Write a well planned and well structure essay thatanswer the essay question.Communication
Journey(20 marks) ESSAYHow is the ideaof Journeypresented inScott Monk‟s“Raw”?
Writing an Analytical EssayQUESTION• Essay titles come in two types, the specific and thegeneral.• Write your selected question or thesis statement atthe start of your essayINTRODUCTION• Say how you intend to approach thequestion, define terms, outline the points youintend to elaborate on in the order you plan totackle themMAIN BODY• take each point you have outlined in theintroduction and discuss it using evidence from thetext and quotes as support.CONCLUSION• This single paragraph pulls together the parts ofyour argument in a summary, do not include newinformation here
Writing an Analytical EssaySTAGE 1Analyse thequestion. Definekey terms andideas and rewritethese in your ownwords to ensurethat youunderstand.STAGE 2Outline, in pointform, the mainideas for eachparagraph. Thismeans yourintroduction, mainbody andconclusionSTAGE 3Begin writing.Ensure that eachparagraph has atopic sentence,clear argumentand that this issupported withevidence.STAGE 4Proof read youressay and let it sitfor a while – youmay find errorslater. Submit it fordrafting prior tothe due date.
Journey(20 marks) SPEECH“Raw” by Scott Monk is atext aimed at young adults.What message is Monkconveying to theresponder through Brett‟sjourney? Is it effective?Make reference to yourown journey in yourresponse.
Writing a SpeechSTAGE 1Analyse thequestion/topic.What d you needto include?Brainstorm orcreate a list ofideas.STAGE 2Outline, in pointform, the mainideas for eachparagraph. Thismeans yourintroduction, mainbody andconclusion.STAGE 3Begin writing.Ensure eachparagraph has atopic sentence, aclearargument/ideaand a closingstatement.STAGE 4Practice sayingyour speech aloud.Make sure it fitswithin thetimeframe given(makeamendments if it isnot).