0
Childhood Trauma Linked to Male Homosexuality<br />Shelley Mangum<br />December 10, 2009<br />Argosy University<br />
The null hypothesis’ are:<br />Emotional trauma as a child has no relationship to male homosexuality.<br />CSA (Childhood ...
The Opposition<br />
The Opposition<br />Homosexuality is Biologically Linked<br />Homosexuality and Childhood Abuse<br />D. F. Swaab in 1990 p...
The Opposition<br />Homosexuality is Biologically Linked: <br />Weaknesses<br />Homosexuality and Childhood Abuse:<br />We...
Research Purpose<br />This research study explores five different aspects of childhood trauma.  The null hypothesis’ are:<...
Results Of Childhood Sexual Abuse<br />Children are not equipped to handle adult sexuality.<br />Emotionally <br />Physica...
Results Of Childhood Sexual Abuse<br />The authors from Unequal Opportunity write about some of the outcomes associated wi...
Results Of Childhood Sexual Abuse<br />Reverend Bob Perdue speaks from personal experience of how CSA can affect the devel...
Summary<br />What we learn from this study could help us better understand development.  It could help point research in d...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

P Sy492 Project Power Point

381

Published on

Review paper for PSY492

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
381
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Most of the studies and research explores homosexuality in men as it relates to CSA (childhood sexual abuse). This study takes the idea of CSA and expands it to include CT (childhood traumas) where CT includes emotional traumas, sexual traumas, physical traumas, psychological traumas and other traumas.
  • D. F. Swaab in 1990 performed the first study to document structural physiological differences in a homosexual man’s brain. He studied these individuals post-mortem and found that a portion of the hypothalamus (responsible for sexual function and drive) was larger in homosexual men than in heterosexual men (Swaab et al., 1995).Johnston (2009) made a profound statement that could change the direction of future studies:We have been asking the wrong question for many years. If you ask men if they were sexually abused, many will say “no,” because “allowing” oneself to be sexually abused is incompatible with masculinity. However, if you ask men how old they were at the time of their first sexual experience, the data seems more accurate. (pg. 4) ReferencesJohnston, J. (2009). Childhood sexual abuse and male homosexuality. Issue Analysis. Focus on the Family. Retrieved September 29, 2009 from: http://www.citizenlink.org/FOSI/homosexuality/concerns/A000010060.cfmSwaab, D. F., Gooren, L. J. G., & Hofman, M. A. (1995). Brain research, gender, and sexual orientation. Journal of Homosexuality, 28(3/4), 283.Johnston, J. (2009). Childhood sexual abuse and male homosexuality. Issue Analysis. Focus on the Family. Retrieved September 29, 2009 from: http://www.citizenlink.org/FOSI/homosexuality/concerns/A000010060.cfmSwaab, D. F., Gooren, L. J. G., & Hofman, M. A. (1995). Brain research, gender, and sexual orientation. Journal of Homosexuality, 28(3/4), 283.
  • Without longitudinally studying an individual for life in respects to the hypothalamus and its relationship to homosexuality the study is just interesting information. It is a stretch to find valid correlations.Tomeo’s study is designed to replicate other studies with the intent to expand the study parameters. The questionnaire is asking questions that are difficult to get accurate answers on a measurable level. So many variables exist when defining molestation like; how many times, how many years older was the molester, forced or consent. Self-evaluation of participants leaves room for flaws. ReferencesTomeo, M. E., Templer, D. I., Anderson S., & Kotler, D. (Oct. 2001). Comparative data of childhood and adolescence molestations in heterosexual and homosexual persons.
  • The importance of clearly defining our research elements will avoid problems with unknown study validity. The questionnaire will define different levels of same sex attraction as well as activity. The terms emotional trauma, CSA, psychological trauma, physical trauma and other childhood traumas will be dissected to develop clear and measurable values for each element.
  • Individual boys will handle sexual abuse in different ways:  what leads to shame and guilt in one child might lead to self-questioning and gender confusion in another or to anger and acting out in a third. Each child is unique, grows up in a unique environment and will respond in an individual way to sexual abuse or early sexual encounters with the same sex (MehmetEskin, 2005,).  The development of gender identity impacts the sexual orientation of a young boy. CSA interferes with that gender development and causes gender confusion. This gender confusion determines sexual orientation (Johnston, 2009).ReferencesJohnston, J. (2009). Childhood sexual abuse and male homosexuality. Issue Analysis. Focus on the Family. Retrieved September 29, 2009 from: http://www.citizenlink.org/FOSI/homosexuality/concerns/A000010060.cfmMehmetEskin, M., Kaynak-Demir, H., & Demir, S. (April, 2005). Same-Sex Sexual Orientation, Childhood Sexual Abuse, and Suicidal Behavior in University Students in Turkey. Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 185–195.
  • Dr. Byrd adds to the list of symptoms of CSA and trauma with gender confusion, anxiety, depression, alcohol and drug use. In addition many struggle with PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) (Johnston, 2009).ReferencesJohnston, J. (2009). Childhood sexual abuse and male homosexuality. Issue Analysis. Focus on the Family. Retrieved September 29, 2009 from: http://www.citizenlink.org/FOSI/homosexuality/concerns/A000010060.cfmPurcell, D. W., Patterson J. D., & Spikes, P. S. Jr. (2008). Childhood Sexual Abuse Experienced by Gay and Bisexual Men: Understanding the Disparities and Interventions to Help Eliminate Them. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • ReferencesJohnston, J. (2009). Childhood sexual abuse and male homosexuality. Issue Analysis. Focus on the Family. Retrieved September 29, 2009 from: http://www.citizenlink.org/FOSI/homosexuality/concerns/A000010060.cfm
  • Transcript of "P Sy492 Project Power Point"

    1. 1. Childhood Trauma Linked to Male Homosexuality<br />Shelley Mangum<br />December 10, 2009<br />Argosy University<br />
    2. 2. The null hypothesis’ are:<br />Emotional trauma as a child has no relationship to male homosexuality.<br />CSA (Childhood Sexual Abuse) has no correlation to male homosexuality.<br />Childhood psychological abuse has no correlation to male homosexuality.<br />Childhood physical abuse has no relationship to male homosexuality.<br />
    3. 3. The Opposition<br />
    4. 4. The Opposition<br />Homosexuality is Biologically Linked<br />Homosexuality and Childhood Abuse<br />D. F. Swaab in 1990 performed the first study to document structural physiological differences in a homosexual man’s brain. <br />Research of the hypothalamus is very limited<br />Relationship between CSA and homosexuality in men, as much as 75% in some cases (Johnston, 2009). <br />We have been asking the wrong question for many years. <br />
    5. 5. The Opposition<br />Homosexuality is Biologically Linked: <br />Weaknesses<br />Homosexuality and Childhood Abuse:<br />Weaknesses<br />Lack of other causes for enlarged hypothalamus. <br />Subjects are not a live when studied<br />The ability to study the living brain<br />Time and Money limitations<br />Every case is different and unique.<br />It is difficult to identify all the variables in each case.<br />Not all men that experience CSA are homosexual<br />Lack of longitudinal studies<br />
    6. 6. Research Purpose<br />This research study explores five different aspects of childhood trauma. The null hypothesis’ are:<br />Emotional trauma as a child has no relationship to male homosexuality.<br />CSA (Childhood Sexual Abuse) has no correlation to male homosexuality.<br />Childhood psychological abuse has no correlation to male homosexuality.<br />Childhood physical abuse has no relationship to male homosexuality.<br />Other childhood traumas have no relationship to male homosexuality.<br />
    7. 7. Results Of Childhood Sexual Abuse<br />Children are not equipped to handle adult sexuality.<br />Emotionally <br />Physically <br />Spiritually <br />Psychologically <br />
    8. 8. Results Of Childhood Sexual Abuse<br />The authors from Unequal Opportunity write about some of the outcomes associated with childhood sexual abuse (Purcell, 2008):<br />Sexual compulsivity<br />Shame<br />Guilt <br />Long-standing uncertainty about sexual orientation<br />Sexual identity confusion and struggle with masculinity<br />More lifetime sexual partners<br />Increased risk for depression and partner violence<br />More sexual risk behavior and higher prevalence of HIV infection<br />
    9. 9. Results Of Childhood Sexual Abuse<br />Reverend Bob Perdue speaks from personal experience of how CSA can affect the development and power of a man (Johnson, 2009):<br /> Abuse breaks a man’s sense of power.  Those who were overpowered by another man or older boy feel powerless.  Those who were exposed to phallic images that were much larger than their own feel powerless and less of a man than others.  This desire for power can become fixated on the male genitalia and fuels an attraction that is really more about power than about sex. (pg. 1)<br />
    10. 10. Summary<br />What we learn from this study could help us better understand development. It could help point research in direction that will improve techniques for helping change developmental patterns that can trap men in unwanted behavioral patterns. Perhaps the results of this study will shift the old beliefs of some, that homosexuality is only biologically determined. The more willing we are to look at all the possible elements the more likely we will be to find effective solutions to the problems people face, in this case SSA men.<br />
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×