MI CH ELLE MCMA NUS 3537 Cam Run Drive Lakeville, NY 14480 | 585/506 -7386 | email@example.comOctober 24, 2012Erin GlantonCoordinated Care Services, Inc.1099 Jay St., Bldg. JRochester, NY 14611Dear Ms. Glanton:This letter is to express my interest in discussing the Dual Recovery Coordinatorposition posted on your agency web site. The opportunity presented is very appealing,and I believe that my experience and education will make me a competitive candidatefor this position.My relevant qualifications include my BA in Psychology with a concentration inSubstance Abuse, with a graduation date of November 14 2012. Most recently, Iworked as Medicaid Service Coordinator for 10 years at the Arc of Livingston-Wyoming. In this role, I was responsible for linkage and referral to communityresources. Here I refined my communication, multi-tasking and time managementskills. My duties also included monthly home visits, ensuring health and safety,developed and maintained an Individualized Service Plan, attending monthly teammeetings, and maintaining client documentation and confidentiality. I have theability and knowledge to communicate with other service providers, and have builtpositive, professional relationships with surrounding community agencies. I haveattended SPOA meetings with dual diagnosed consumers, and am familiar withSAMHSA. With these skills and qualifications, along with other pertinent skillsnoted on my resume, I believe I would be a great addition to your organization.I hope that you will find my experience and interest intriguing enough to warrant aface-to-face meeting, as I am confident that I could provide value to your agency as amember of your team.Sincerely,Michelle McManus
MICHELLE L MCMANUS 3537 Camp Run Drive • Lakeville, NY 14480 • 585/506-7386 • firstname.lastname@example.org Qualifications SummaryKnowledgeable and motivated professional with 11 years’ experience in the Human Services field. Capable ofmaintaining a caseload, as well as completing necessary documentation for Medicaid billing. Was a ServiceCoordinator for 10 years with a caseload of 32 consumers, and have experience and knowledge in linking caseloadwith community resources in the Livingston, Wyoming, Genesee, and Monroe County communities. Experience inworking with surrounding community agencies, and building positive professional relationships. EducationGenesee Community College, Batavia, NY Argosy University, Phoenix, AZAssociates in Human Services, 1999 Bachelors in Psychology, with a concentration in substance abuse, graduation, fall of 2012 Work ExperienceArc of Livingston-Wyoming 18 Main St. Mt. Morris, NY 14510Medicaid Service Coordinator 1999-2010 1999-2010 ▪ Linkage and referral ▪ Obtaining and maintaining Medicaid ▪ Advocacy ▪ Obtaining and maintaining Social Security benefits ▪ Assistance in transition to adult services (i.e. sheltered workshop, supported work, day habilitation) ▪ Linkage to at-home supports (i.e. residential habilitation, hourly respite) ▪ Exploring and securing residential placement ▪ Assisting individuals in exploring their personal interests ▪ Create and implement an Individualized Service Plan ▪ Maintained a caseload of 32 clients, requiring monthly home visits ▪ Provided guidance, support, counseling and understanding Relevant Skills ▪ Knowledge of community based services and supports ▪ Nurturing and supportive
▪ Multi-tasking ▪ Facilitating meetings ▪ Strong Communication skills (verbally and in-writing) with individuals, families, advocates, and providers ▪ Negotiating and resolving conflicts ▪ Strong decision making skills ▪ Strong advocate ▪ Keeping accurate written records ▪ Works well independently and with a team ▪ Computer skills ▪ Effective time management skills ▪ Strong interpersonal skills Additional TrainingSecured fifteen (15) hours of professional development annually. This included lectures, workshops, and othertraining sessions conducted by OMRDD, other agencies, educational institutions, or generic communityorganizations. The subjects of the trainings enhanced my knowledge of community service resources.
Michelle McManus 3537 Camp Run Drive Lakeville, NY 14480 585/506-7386 email@example.comREFERENCES:Jen WarnerDirector of Service CoordinationLivingston-Wyoming Arc18 Main StMt. Morris, NY 14510585/658-2828Relationship: Previous supervisor at Livingston-Wyoming ArcDeb TuckermanDirector of Residential ServicesLivingston-Wyoming Arc18 Main StMt. Morris, NY 14510585/658-2828Relationship: Previous supervisor at Livingston-Wyoming ArcCathy SullivanDay, Community and Intake Services CoordinatorLivingston-Wyoming Arc18 Main StMt. Morris, NY 14510585/658-0200Relationship: Previous supervisor and mentor at Livingston-Wyoming Arc
Insert completed Student Self Assessment of Learning (SSAL) here
TABLE OF CONTENTS• Cognitive abilities (critical thinking and information literacy): Assignments or projects that demonstrate problem solving, analysis, synthesis, appropriate use of information resources, etc.• Research skills: A copy of a research proposal, a survey developed, etc.• Communication skills (written and oral): A topic paper, presentation outline, or PowerPoint that demonstrates your written and oral communication skills.• Ethics & Diversity awareness: Papers that demonstrate your understanding and/or analysis of ethical and diversity issues in psychology.• Knowledge of foundations of the field: Assignments, papers, or projects that demonstrate your understanding of basic concepts, theories, and empirical findings in one or more of the domains of psychology, including biological, cognitive, developmental, personality, and social.• Knowledge of applied psychology: Assignments, papers, or projects from courses and/or an internship that demonstrates your ability to apply psychology to personal, social, and/or organizational problems.• Interpersonal Effectiveness: PowerPoint presentations, videos of your presentations that demonstrate your ability to communicate effectively, appreciate diversity and cultural sensitivity and awareness of your impact on others.
Success of Interventions and Chemical Reduction Michelle McManus Argosy University
INTERVENTION AND CHEMICAL REDUCTION Abstract Do addicts who receive an intervention have greater success with reducing chemicaldependency than those who do not? Addiction affects everyone regardless of age, gender, race,cultural background, or socioeconomic status. Substance abuse may result in an assortment ofsocial, legal, medical, financial and psychological harm to the abuser themselves, as well as thesociety of which he or she lives. The purpose of interventions is to help the individual, one,realize they have problem, and then help them overcome their addiction and learn to live asuccessful life without the use of a chemical substance. Interventions also provide maintenancesupport to help maintain sobriety, hopefully for the rest of their life. This research was anexperimental design which included an experimental group who attended a 90 day interventionprogram and a control group who did not. The study will be indicating if there is a differencebetween the two groups regarding their dependency or substance abuse. Samples would be 60individuals, 30 per group who have a substance abuse problem. The participants vary in age from18-35, are of different race, there were 27 males and 33 females, all had different socioeconomicstatus. Data collection would be first-hand knowledge through interviews, and completingASSIST Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test, following a 3 monthsurvey. The results indicated that 20 out of the 30 individuals in the control group whocompleted the 3 month survey were still sober and still attending an intervention program such asAlcoholics Anonymous. Only 5 individuals from the control group returned their survey, 3 werestill sober.
INTERVENTION AND CHEMICAL REDUCTION Success of Interventions and Chemical Reduction Substance abuse and addiction does not discriminate, it affects us all equally, no matterour age, race, gender, cultural background, or socioeconomic status. It is a deadly disease thatkills or debilitates millions of people every day (Litt, M. D., Kadden, R. M., Kabela-Cormier, E.,& Petry, N. M. (2009), Elliott, L., Orr, L., Watson, L., & Jackson, A. (2005), Wandersman, A.,& Florin, P. (2003). Over the years there has been much research done on the effectiveness of interventions,which leaves the question, do addicts who receive an intervention have greater success withreducing chemical dependency than those who do not? Due to the rise in adolescent and college student alcohol and substance abuse there hasbeen earlier research done on early interventions which are school based and family based. Theresults all indicated that interventions early on do have an impact on adolescents, as well as acollege student’s decision to consume alcohol or drugs. Even though some college studentsdecided to still continue with drinking, they did come to the conclusion that the amount theydrank did affect their judgment and decision making abilities. As for adolescents theyexperience a unique group of problems, such as a more rapid progression from use todependency, and most likely a second diagnosis will occur such as depression. Earlyinterventions have shown improvement in grades, inclusion, and overall attitude (Becker, S. J.,& Curry, J. F. (2008), Oswalt, S. B., Shutt, M. D., English, E., & Shay, D. L. (2007), Winters, K.C., Leitten, W., Wagner, E., & Tracy OLeary Tevyaw. (2007). There are many interventions available today that are geared towards many differentindividuals, young, old, men, woman, single mothers, or interventions that are geared towardsany individual that has a substance abuse problem, such as Alcoholics Anonymous. There areschool based interventions such as DARE, or behavioral therapy which improves overall mood,
INTERVENTION AND CHEMICAL REDUCTIONwhich could lead an individual away from substance abuse, there is basic counseling whichinvolves role-play, problem solving and health education. Family interventions are a popularform of interventions including the family is a huge part of a person’s recovery. A 12-stepintervention is known for its success in keeping individuals sober, it provides fellowship, andhelps individuals connect spiritually with a higher power. Residential care has helpedindividuals maintain sobriety by offering a residential setting usually after rehab, to help preparethem for a new life of living sober. Then of course, there is an inpatient drug treatment facility,which usually requires anywhere form a 30 to 90 day stay, where the individuals receives helpthrough withdrawals, attends groups and individual counseling, and works on preparingthemselves in reentering society as a sober person. Much research has been done on all of theabove-mentioned forms of interventions. Though some have proved successful, whether othersare inconclusive, the overall results of the studies is that interventions do have an impact onreducing chemical dependency in individuals who receive the help (Becker, S. J., & Curry, J. F.(2008), Elliott, L., Orr, L., Watson, L., & Jackson, A. (2005), Fals-Stewart, W., Birchler, G. R.,& Kelley, M. L. (2006), Litt, M. D., Kadden, R. M., Kabela-Cormier, E., & Petry, N. M. (2009),Oswalt, S. B., Shutt, M. D., English, E., & Shay, D. L. (2007), Phillips, K. T., Rosenberg, H., &Sanikop, A. (2007), Trudeau, L., Spoth, R., Randall, G. K., & Azevedo, K. (2007), Winters, K.C., Leitten, W., Wagner, E., & Tracy OLeary Tevyaw. (2007), Washington, O. G. M., &Moxley, D. P. (2003). The purpose of my study will to compare two groups of individuals, the experimentalgroup will attend 90 days of Alcoholic Anonymous, and the control group will not attend anintervention. The results will help determine if those who attend an intervention reduce theirchemical dependency, in comparison to those who did not attend an intervention.
INTERVENTION AND CHEMICAL REDUCTION MethodParticipants Would be 60 individuals, 30 per group who have a substance abuse problem. Theparticipants vary in age from 18-35, are of different race, there were 27 males and 33 females, allhad different socioeconomic status. Participants will be asked to attend a 90-day interventionsuch as Alcoholics Anonymous, and give feedback on their thoughts of the success of theprogram. The sample does need to be diverse, in order to collect the appropriate data oninterventions, and their success.Instruments Data collection would be first-hand knowledge through interviews, and completingASSIST Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test. Each individual wouldrequire a 3 month follow up survey on their current situation, pertaining to their sobriety andcontinuation of any type of intervention, or relapses, etc. Exclusion criteria would be anybodythat has never had any type of intervention, due to substance abuse.Procedure This research is an experimental design, which includes an experimental group and acontrol group. The study will be indicating if there is a difference between the two groupsregarding their dependency or substance abuse. The independent variables for my study wouldbe an experimental group who have received some sort of intervention, and a control group ofthose who have never received an intervention. The dependent variable would be addicts who aresuccessful with interventions and show less chemical dependency (Argosy, 2012). I would have two groups with 30 people in each group. The experimental group wouldbe addicts who attend a group intervention 3 days a week for 90 days. The control group would
INTERVENTION AND CHEMICAL REDUCTIONbe addicts who do not attend an intervention. Both groups are trying to decrease their chemicaldependency and remain sober. After 90 days the groups would meet back and get interviewedon their success of remaining substance free. I would send a follow up survey to participantswithin 3 months’ time.Ethical issues Some potential ethical issues for this type of research could be possible psychologicalharm. It could cause stress, depression and anxiety, especially once an addict comes to therealization what his addiction has done to their family, health, marriage, and themselves.Interventions help you come to the realization you need help for an addiction, some people willhave a hard time coming terms that they there is hope and a future for a better life. Some mayneed medical treatment. All these things can have a great effect on a person. It is important to make participants aware of the issues that could arise, and giveinformed consent. It will also be important to debrief afterward as well. It will also be importantto make the participants aware that they can leave the study at any time. If a participant becomesanxious or depressed they may need someone to talk to, it will be important to be able to providethem with contact information if they feel they need to speak to someone.
INTERVENTION AND CHEMICAL REDUCTION Results Because there are two independent variables, and on dependent variable, a two wayANVOVA would have been used to calculate the results. This will allow for comparisonbetween the two independent variable, and the effect it had on the dependent variable. With ahypothesis of; Addicts who attend a drug rehabilitation intervention will have less chemicaldependency than those who do not attend this type of intervention and a null hypothesis of;Addicts who do not attend drug rehabilitation will remain chemically dependent, unlike thosewho attend a type of intervention. The alpha would be set at 0.5, after figuring the degrees offreedom and the mean square; an f test would be completed Discussion The results indicated that 20 out of the 30 individuals in the control group whocompleted the three-month survey were still sober and still attending an intervention programsuch as Alcoholics Anonymous. Seven were still abusing drugs and/ or alcohol, and three did notrespond. Only five individuals from the control group returned their survey, three were stillsober. It is found in this study and previous studies that interventions do have an impact onreducing chemical addiction. Some threats to internal and external validity may have been, the level of comfort theindividual felt during the intervention, whether or not the individual participated, there couldhave been an outside influence that was encouraging the individual to use. Other affects couldhave been some sort of emotional trauma, death, loss of job, or was there an uncomfortable topic,or did someone make them feel uncomfortable. Timing could have been an issue, was themeeting too late in the afternoon or too early in the morning? Some of the younger individualsmay not feel comfortable if the setting was full of adults. One of the main confounding variablescould simply be the individual was not ready to recognize their disease or their need for help.
INTERVENTION AND CHEMICAL REDUCTIONWhich could lead to a possible flaw in the design is during the interview process of possibly notasking the right questions, and being able to determine if the individual was actually ready toreceive help through an intervention. Chemical dependency is a serious disease that affects the lives of millions of peopleacross the world. Because there are so many different types of interventions it will be importantto continue on with the research to figure out which type of interventions work best with diverseindividuals, does age and gender play a role in what type of intervention will work best, doesincorporating family into an intervention help or hinder the situation. It is important to continuewith future research and educate society on the value of interventions on our chemicallydependent population. I would one day like to travel to different countries and get a more indepth look at interventions and how they are implemented and to whom, for places that do notrecognize addiction or interventions. I would like to make them aware and provide education tothe people and help them realize there is hope for themselves or a loved one.
ReferencesArgosy. (2012). Research methods. Retrieved on May 29. Retrieved from http://myeclassonline.comBecker, S. J., & Curry, J. F. (2008). Outpatient interventions for adolescent substance abuse: A quality of evidence review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(4), 531- 543. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.76.4.531Elliott, L., Orr, L., Watson, L., & Jackson, A. (2005). Secondary prevention interventions for young drug users: A systematic review of the evidence. Adolescence, 40(157), 1-22. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/195944023?accountid=34899Fals-Stewart, W., Birchler, G. R., & Kelley, M. L. (2006). Learning sobriety together: A randomized clinical trial examining behavioral couples therapy with alcoholic female patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(3), 579-591. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.74.3.579Litt, M. D., Kadden, R. M., Kabela-Cormier, E., & Petry, N. M. (2009). Changing network support for drinking: Network support project 2-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(2), 229-242. doi:10.1037/a0015252Oswalt, S. B., Shutt, M. D., English, E., & Shay, D. L. (2007). Did it work? examining the impact of an alcohol intervention on sanctioned college students. Journal of College Student Development, 48(5), 543-557. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/195180492?accountid=34899Phillips, K. T., Rosenberg, H., & Sanikop, A. (2007). English and American drug clients views of the acceptability, advantages, and disadvantages of treatment and harm reduction
interventions. Journal of Drug Issues, 37(2), 377-401. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208828694?accountid=34899.Trudeau, L., Spoth, R., Randall, G. K., & Azevedo, K. (2007). Longitudinal effects of a universal family-focused intervention on growth patterns of adolescent internalizing symptoms and polysubstance use: Gender comparisons. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(6), 725- 740. doi:10.1007/s10964-007-9179-1Wandersman, A., & Florin, P. (2003). Community interventions and effective prevention. American Psychologist, 58(6-7), 441-448. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.58.6-7.441Winters, K. C., Leitten, W., Wagner, E., & Tracy OLeary Tevyaw. (2007). Use of brief interventions for drug abusing teenagers within a middle and high school setting. The Journal of School Health, 77(4), 196-206. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/215677593?accountid=34899Washington, O. G. M., & Moxley, D. P. (2003). Group interventions with low-income African American women recovering from chemical dependency. Health & Social Work, 28(2), 146-156. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/210555152?accountid=34899 Insert Work Samples here