What is wrong with this picture?• LEED Platinum certifiedBrightBuilt Barn project• A triple net-zero home.• One of the only buildings in theworld designed to be trulycarbon neutral.
What is wrong with this picture?It is a “Green-Building” that everyone drives to!!• LEED Platinum certifiedBrightBuilt Barn project• In Walk Score, which measuresand rates a site’s proximity tocommon shops, goods andservices, the location gets a 6 -yes, 6 - out of 100• From Walk Score: 6 is “Car-Dependent/Driving Only:Virtually no neighborhooddestinations within walkingrange. You can walk from yourhouse to your car”
More Energy is Used Driving to aBuilding than Operating It!1. U.S. Department of Transportation,Transportation Energy Data Book 26thEdition, 2007, Table 8.62. U.S. EPA Light-Duty AutomotiveTechnology and Fuel Economy Trends:1975 Through 20063. Assumes 124,000 Btu/gallon of gasoline,DOE Energy Information Administrationdata4. Assumes 76.3% commute in single-occupancy vehicle, 11.2% carpool (2 percar) and no other energy use (commutingtransportation modes from U.S. DOTTransportation Energy Data Book 26thEdition, 2007, Table 8.14.5. U.S. General Services Administration6. This includes site energy only, not sourceenergy. U.S. DOE Energy InformationAdministration Commercial Building EnergyConsumption Survey (CBECS) data for2003, published June 2006.7. Bruce Hunn, ASHRAE, personalcommunicationCopyright 2010, BuildingGreen, LLC132 ReducedComparing Transportation and Operating Energy Use for a US Office Building
Implications of ~5M Cars and 70B VKmTin Israel in 2030~5M70BIncreasedFatalities
70B• Population• Households• Area• Cars• Vehicle KmTraveled20107.6M2M2.3M203010M~5M3.3MSmart Growth in Israel - a GreatOpportunity for GHG Reductions34B 56BInfill CompactMixed-Use
Land use can reduce travel• Travel and the Built Environment - a ‘meta-analysis’ of nearly 50published studies on the subject of land use and travel behavior byReid Ewing (University of Utah) and Robert Cervero (UC-Berkeley) inthe Journal of the American Planning AssociationAlmost any development in acentral location is likely togenerate less automobiletravel than the best-designed,compact, mixed-usedevelopment in a remotelocation.‘Of course best of all is to employall of these factors in synergy…
Smart Growth in Israel - a GreatOpportunity for GHG Reductions4.54B Km reduction=-1.36 MtCO2e13.91B Km reduction=-4.46 MtCO2e
Smart Growth #3 in GHG ReductionPotential – Relative to McKinsey LeversIsraeli Smart Growth
Israeli Green Building Standards 2012– still a long way to go…• Location and Transportation, a new category within LEED 2012 systems– LT Prerequisite: Bicycle Storage• transportation mode choice is an essential aspect of LEED– LT Credit: Bicycle Network, Storage and Changing Rooms• The project must be connected to an extensive bicycle network– LT Credit: Site Selection• coordinated with LEED-ND– LT Credit: Development Density and Community Access• more graduated.• a “synergy” point for projects that combine density and mixed use• a better measure of walkability– LT Credit: Reduced Automobile Dependence• transit stops within walking distance is unquestionably important.• frequency of transit service is critical as well– LT Credit: Walkable Streets• adapted from LEED-ND and tailored to apply to individual buildings.– LT Credit: Parking Reduction• rewritten with absolute standards replacing the relative standard• tougher thresholds to projects in dense, mixed use, or transit-oriented locations– LT Credit: Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles• deletes: Preferred parking for low-emitting and alternative-fuel vehicles, and provision ofalternative fuel fueling stations.• The remaining two options in this credit are essentially unchanged.
Israeli Green Building Standards– still a long way to go…