Shelbys Project, Delete And Die.Presentation Transcript
The Constitutional Convention
Economic Conditions Post Revolutionary War
As a result of the war merchants were barred from selling products to the West Indies, this hurt shipping and fishing industries. Which in turn hurt everyone farmers to retailers.
When the former soldiers returned to they’re homes they found overgrown fields and houses that had been trashed by British soldiers.
Also America had many war debts to pay, including to their soldiers. Veterans were issued Continental Securities that were promised to be paid to them in the future.
The Veterans were in dire need of cash so they sold they’re securities for a lot less than they were worth.
Farmers being unable to afford the taxes put on their farms were outraged when the courts tried to seize their farms.
Daniel Shay raised a militia and led an uprising. Burning down courts in Western Massachusetts.
This idea spread but the state governments couldn’t deal with that huge of a crisis, and under the Articles of Confederation the Federal Government had no authority to step in and take care of it.
Helped to form Constitution.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
Government was unicameral
Weakness: There was no separation of power. Only one branch of government.
Federal government too weak.
Weakness: The states held the majority of the power.
Congress has no power to tax.
Weakness: Unable to get young nations finances in order.
Unanimous approval by all states to amend the Articles.
Weakness: Articles virtually unchangeable.
Majority of laws need 9 out of the 13 states approval to pass.
Weakness: Business of running government very difficult.
The Constitutional Convention was held from May 25-September17, 1787 at the Pennsylvania State House with the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation. The leaders felt the Articles were to weak to deal with the nations issues.
Key People Benjamin Franklin- Contributed the Patents and Trademarks clause. George Washington- Contributed the Bill of Rights, the Virginia Plan, and the 3/5 compromise. James Madison- Wrote most of the Constitution. Alexander Hamilton- Introduced the Hamilton Plan, 3 branches of government. Edmund Randolph- Introduced large state otherwise known as the Virginia Plan. Luther Martin- Contributed the Supremacy Clause. He was also an advocate for small states. Gunning Bedford Jr.-Introduced the New Jersey Plan for the small states.
Table of Delegates
The Great Compromise The Virginia Plan
Supported by the larger states.
Believed that the number of representatives a state has should be based on the population.
The New Jersey Plan
Supported by the smaller states.
Believed that each state should have an equal number of representatives.
The Great Compromise
Allowed both states to compromise by setting up a government that was bicameral.
The House of Representatives is based on state population.
The Senate has 2 representatives from each state.
Southern states wanted slaves to count as a whole person for the census which would then make their population greater so they could have more representatives in the House of Representatives.
Northern states on the other hand didn’t think slaves should count at all.
George Washington introduced the 3/5 Compromise, every slave counted as 3/5 of a person when census’ were taken.
Personally if I had to choose between the Anti-Federalists and the Federalists I would choose the Federalist party. The Federalists had a much more realistic view on how to get the infant nation out of debt and become more powerful, so they could get out from Britain's shadow. Then they would be able to fend off more powerful attacks from more powerful nations.