Tv drama - shot types


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Tv drama - shot types

  1. 1. TV Drama Camera shots/angles Point of View Denotation Connotation Criminal Minds High Angle Viewer Tied up In trouble Helpless Lost authority Eastenders Close up Viewer Sad Upset Devastated Helpless Guilty Tracy Beaker Full Shot Viewer Gym Angry with arms crossed Unenthusiastic Training for event Working out Disappointed with friend Buffy Dolly Shot Viewer Walking Friends dark Observation Trying to find something - searching
  2. 2. I was planning on bringing in the following TV dramas to watch: • ER (This was been used in the exam in the past) • CSI:NY • Shoebox Zoo (This is a children’s TV drama) • Starsky and Hutch You will need to find 4 different TV dramas. Select according to the following categories: • Medical TV drama – Grey’s Anatomy • TV crime drama – Criminal Minds • Children’s TV drama – Tracy Beaker • Any TV drama that is at least 10 year old – Buffy
  3. 3. Next - Research: •Camera Movement – types of camera movement commonly used in film and TV, usually a combination of shots are used •Pan – horizontal movement left and right, usually done slowly, a swiveling movement usually done using a tripod •Tilt – pointing camera in a vertical movement i.e. up, down •Dolly crane – when the camera is mounted on a track to get a tracking shot •Stedicam hand held – instead or using a hand held camera which gives jerky shots or being restricted on a tripod, the Stedicam was invented to get the best of both. It gives stabilized footage which the flexibility of being handheld •Zoom/reverse zoom – change in vocal length i.e. moving the camera lenses closer or further away
  4. 4. Audience Theory – Stuart Hall: • Dominant reading - reader fully accepts the preferred reading (audience will read the text the way the author intended them to) so that the code seems natural and transparent. • The negotiated reading – the reader partly believes the code and broadly accepts the preferred reading, but sometimes modifies it in a way which reflects their own position, experiences and interests. • The oppositional reading – the reader’s social position places them in an oppositional relation to the dominant code. They reject the reading.
  5. 5. Signifier Definition Signified Pan down Camera looks down Power, authority Pan up Camera looks up Smallness, weakness Dolly in Camera moves in Observation, focus Fade in Image appears on blank screen Beginning Fade out Image screen goes blank Ending cut Switch from one image to another Simultaneity, excitement wipe Image wiped off screen Imposed conclusion Close-up Face only Intimacy Medium shot Most of body Personal relationship Long shot Setting and characters Context, scope, public distance Full shot Full body of person Social relationship
  6. 6. Close up: This is a shot which usually only shows the face, this is done to show intimacy and emotion. The emotion is used to show the audience how the character is feeling and in terms of Stuart Hall’s audience theory it can show the preferred reading as the audience will understand what the director is trying to get at by showing the emotion. Greys Anatomy: Here we can see that this doctor doesn’t look impressed, he has a disapproving look on his face – with the audience this enables them to understand the situation
  7. 7. Close up – Tracy Breaker Close up – Criminal Minds Tracy Beaker: From her face we can get that she looks annoyed and angry. To the audience they will understand this from the mouth, crossed eyebrows etc. Criminal Minds: From his expression he has a scrunched up face which implies that he is confused, he isn't sure what the person on the phone is telling him. From this the audience can except what is going on.
  8. 8. Medium shot: This is when the shot shows most of the body, this can be done to show personal relationships or what the character is doing. In terms of the audience theory this could relate it to the negotiated reading, they could accept what the characters are doing but then also they could relate personal experiences to what the character is doing. They can use to it reflect their own interests. For example in this shot from criminal minds Hotch and Rossi are having a conversation in the hall, you can see that its quite a comical expression. With the audience theory the audience can to relate to it by for example a conversation they had at work with a colleague. For example here O’Malley is going in to his first surgery, he looks quite nervous but here it would be preferred reading as not many people would have experienced a real surgery.
  9. 9. Long shot: Shows the setting and the character in it, it is used to show context, scope and public distance. Relating these shots to the audience theory you could say that its negotiated reading as though the audience can
  10. 10. Long Shot: Pan up
  11. 11. Pan up
  12. 12. full shot
  13. 13. Fade out Fade in
  14. 14. Fades Out
  15. 15. Fade Out Fades in
  16. 16. Dolly
  17. 17. Dolly
  18. 18. Pan down
  19. 19. Cuts
  20. 20. Wipes