Glossary of terms –
camera shots, angles and
how they’re used
BY Shelby Edmunds
Shows the audience where the episode is going to take place, shows the surroundings
In which the action is going to unfold. We know that the next scene will be inside one of
the buildings seen in the establishing shot.
EXTREME LONG SHOT
• The Subject is not clearly in view but we know that that the next scene will
probably be inside of of the cars
• Show’s the setting to where the character currently is for the action to take
place i.e. isolated area in dessert
• it shows the scale of the action that will take place
Follows the interaction between two characters often in conversation, it can show
the relationship between characters i.e. hatred. But with her arms crossed she is
reserved when talking to Cruz.
EXTREME CLOSE UP
Emphasizes detail on a specific area i.e. here it is on doing the injections
however it could be on the eyes to show emotion.
MEDIUM CLOSE UP
Medium close up’s show the face clearer, without it making the shot too
uncomfortably close to the face. It is half way between a mid shot and a close up
therefore a medium close up. Here you can see the Derek looks concerned from
his crossed eyebrows.
Shows the person in more detail than a long shot but less than a close up, it gives
detail on what the character is doing. Its more realistic as when you talk to someone
you don’t look at their bottom half and so only their top half; it shows some of the
emotion that JJ is feeling i.e. very pale looks ill, she has a nervous expression,
hugging her arms close makes her look fragile.
Shows more emphasis on the facial features so you can see the emotion the
character is feeling. In this scene it is used to show how Derek is feeling about the
events with JJ, you can tell he is anxious from his expression. These are effective as
the audience can see exactly what the character is feeling.
COMPOSITION – THE WAY THE
CHARACTERS APPEAR ON SCREEN
As this is a close up and a two shot it clearly expresses the expressions held by the
characters – whatever is on the screen is being found to be as shocking. Spencer is
looking over Penelope's shoulder to see what she was shocked at. We expect the next
shot to do a 180 so we as the audience get to see what is being found out.
OVER THE SHOULDER
Is used to show conversations, it gives the position of the characters and gives
the audience the chance to feel like they can see from that characters point of
view as if they can join in on the conversation. The different speakers show
different emotions which is shown via showing their faces in turn. The person
talking takes up around 1/3 of the shot so that the audience focus’ on them.
HIGH ANGLE SHOT
This is a shot looking down on the character showing a lack of authority, a feel of
hopelessness. We can see this as she is tied up and can’t escape therefore she
has no power which is represented by the high angle shot. Whoever has tied her
up has more power over JJ.
This is where the character takes up most of the screen, her feet are cut off. This
shows them in the environment that they are currently in i.e. here she is coming out
of the police block from being rescued. She is holding her side as she has been hurt
and so is in pain when she walks quickly. The emphasis is on the character which
takes up most of the frame.