Fundamentals Of Ayurveda

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Fundamentals Of Ayurveda

  1. 1. <ul><li>Fundamentals of Ayurveda </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.(Vaidya) Shekhar Annambhotla </li></ul><ul><li>Director & Founder </li></ul><ul><li>Ojas Ayurveda Yoga Wellness Center </li></ul><ul><li>Macungie, PA 18062 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 484-347-6110 </li></ul><ul><li>email:shekhar@ojas.us </li></ul><ul><li>www.ojas.us </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ The Natural force within each of us is the greatest healer of disease” </li></ul><ul><li>- Hippocrates </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COURSE CONENT </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What is Ayurveda? </li></ul><ul><li>Basic principles of Ayurveda </li></ul><ul><li>Branches of Ayurveda </li></ul><ul><li>Three biological energies (Doshas) and their understanding in modern science understanding Vata, Pitta, and Kapha </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Qualities of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha </li></ul><ul><li>Functions of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha </li></ul><ul><li>Locations of Vata, Pitta and Kapha </li></ul><ul><li>Functions of Vata, Pitta and Kapha </li></ul>
  5. 5.   VATA Balanced effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological Increased effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological Decreased effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological Effects of vitiation
  6. 6. <ul><ul><ul><li>Aggravating factors of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics of Vata, Pitta and Kapha constitutions (Prakriti) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is AYURVEDA? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ The Knowledge of Life” </li></ul><ul><li>AYU = LIFE </li></ul><ul><li>VEDA = KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>Life = Mind + Body + Spirit </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><ul><li>HIGHLIGHTS OF AYURVEDA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional system of medicine from India </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic, natural healing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complementary and integrative system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses the root cause of imbalance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each individual is unique </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship between Microcosm and Macrocosm </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment of the whole mind-body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rejuvenating and revitalizing system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of immunity, maintenance of health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lifestyle recommendations - diet, daily & seasonal regimen, yoga, meditation, herbs, physiological detoxification (Panchakarma) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adopts multiple ingredients of whole </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>plants / herbs and minerals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. AYURVEDIC APPROACH TO HEALTH <ul><li>Therapeutic modalities which are: </li></ul><ul><li>Suited to an individual’s constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Seek to restore good health, balance, and harmony at the levels of body, mind and spirit </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Individuals are advised on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily routine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal regimens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise, including Yoga Asanas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meditation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>Herbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physiological purification methods such as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herbal oil massages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sweat baths </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herbal enemas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herbal steam inhalations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Individual results will vary from person to person </li></ul><ul><li>Compound preparations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple ingredients of plants and minerals to help the preparation function as a whole and to balance the total function of the body. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some herbs enhance the action, while others avoid or minimize possible side effects. </li></ul></ul>AYURVEDIC HERBAL & MINERAL MEDICINES
  14. 14. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BASIC PRINCIPLES OF AYURVEDA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Five gross elements ( Pancha Maha Bhutas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three biological energies ( Three Doshas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three psychological energies ( Three Gunas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seven body tissues ( Sapta Dhatus) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Final refined product of digestion & metabolism, i.e., Vital Immunity (Ojas) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of Vital Force (Prana ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing of Vital Energy (Tejas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vital points ( Marma Vignan ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thirteen channels of circulation (Srotas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thirteen biological fires ( Agnis) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Four states of digestive fire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toxic, morbid substance ( Ama) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Six stages of manifestation of disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>( Kriya Kalas) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><ul><ul><li>Daily routine ( Dinacharya) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal regimen ( Ritucharya) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dietetics ( Ahara vigyan) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physiological Detoxification ( Pancha Karma) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rejuvenation Program ( Rasayana) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revitalization Program ( Vajikarana) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><ul><ul><li>THE EIGHT BRANCHES OF AYURVEDA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>( ASHTANGA AYURVEDA ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal Medicine ( Kaya chikitsa) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surgery ( Shalya tantra ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ophthalmology & Otorhinolaryngology ( Shalakya tantra ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pediatrics ( Kaumara britya ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toxicology ( Agada tantra ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology ( Bhuta vidya ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rejuvenation ( Rasayana ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revitalization ( Vajikarana ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Three Biological Energies ( Doshas ) and their understanding in Modern Science </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><ul><ul><li>VATA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cellular level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functions of nucleus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Somatic level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neurological activities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>PITTA </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular level </li></ul><ul><li>Functions of mitochondria </li></ul><ul><li>Somatic level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hormonal & enzymatic activities (Endocrinal) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><ul><ul><li>KAPHA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cellular level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functions of protoplasm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Somatic level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Various secretary activities (Exocrinal) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>UNDERSTANDING </li></ul><ul><li>VATA, PITTA, KAPHA </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>VATA is responsible for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neurological activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>o Governed by SROTAS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>PITTA is responsible for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digestion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metabolism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transformation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hormonal, Enzymatic actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Governed by AGNI </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>KAPHA is responsible for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cohesion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lubrication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immune activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Governed by DHATU </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><ul><ul><li>VATA QUALITIES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dry, rough </li></ul><ul><li>Cold </li></ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Subtle, minute </li></ul><ul><li>Changeable, moving </li></ul><ul><li>Clear, non-sticky </li></ul><ul><li>Coarse, brittle </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>PITTA QUALITIES </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slightly oily </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heat, warmth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharp </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sour </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moving, flowing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pungent, sour </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>KAPHA QUALITIES </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cold </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soft </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unctuous, oily </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sweaty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sticky </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>FUNCTIONS OF VATA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Breathing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cellular motion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flow of nutrients & waste products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heartbeat, blood flow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural urges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve impulses, blinking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory & motor functions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>FUNCTIONS OF PITTA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Absorption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body temperature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digestion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metabolism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perception </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skin coloration & luster </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vitality </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>FUNCTIONS OF KAPHA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All tissue substances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Healing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immunity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lubrication of joints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moisturizing the skin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stability, strength, structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vigor </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>LOCATIONS OF VATA </li></ul><ul><li>Colon (Main) </li></ul><ul><li>Bladder / kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Anus & rectum </li></ul><ul><li>Waist </li></ul><ul><li>Pelvis, reproductive organs </li></ul><ul><li>Legs, feet </li></ul><ul><li>Bones </li></ul><ul><li>Ears </li></ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>LOCATIONS OF PITTA </li></ul><ul><li>Small intestine and stomach (Main) </li></ul><ul><li>Sweat </li></ul><ul><li>Plasma, blood </li></ul><ul><li>Liver, spleen </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine glands </li></ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>LOCATIONS OF KAPHA </li></ul><ul><li>· Thorax (Main) </li></ul><ul><li>· Head, neck </li></ul><ul><li>· Mouth </li></ul><ul><li>· Joints </li></ul><ul><li>· Kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>· Adipose tissue </li></ul><ul><li>· Lymphatic system </li></ul><ul><li>· Stomach, small intestine </li></ul><ul><li>· Pancreas </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF VATA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All movements of the body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Circulation of the blood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control of the organs of action and perception </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity and natural interest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development of tissues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent energy level </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><ul><ul><li>Flow of nutrients </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greater vitality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liveliness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation of natural urges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve impulse, pulsation, heartbeat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Normal respiratory function </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><ul><ul><li>Proper coordination of all body functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Release of waste products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory & motor functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sound sleep </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulation of digestive juices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strong immunity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Clear comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled and precise mental activity </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to lead an active life </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Mental alertness </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of exhilaration </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>INCREASED EFFECTS OF VATA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aching pain, cramps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Astringent taste in mouth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atrophy of bone marrow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bloating, gas, colic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brittle nails </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><ul><ul><li>Contraction of joints, joint problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cracked lips, feet and hands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Craving for hot things </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discoloration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dislocation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><ul><ul><li>Dry, rough skin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive, irregular movements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Giddiness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harshness of speech </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hiccups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intolerance to cold </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Light or interrupted sleep </li></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><ul><ul><li>Nervous twitches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-specific fatigue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Numbness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Persistent bodily discharges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perversion of sense of taste </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pricking pains </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longitudinal lines on nails </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of vigor and vitality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve pain </li></ul></ul></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><ul><ul><li>Rigidity of the body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roughness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Split ends of hair </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subluxation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thirst </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trembling & twisting of body parts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tremors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Underweight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrinkles on forehead </li></ul></ul></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Aimless talking </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Astonishment </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Distraction </li></ul><ul><li>Disturbed inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Excitation </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><ul><ul><li>Indecisiveness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insecurity  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harshness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hysterical behavior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impaired memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inappropriate perception </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mental agitation, worry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nervousness </li></ul></ul></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>DECREASED EFFECTS OF VATA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><li> Diminished movements </li></ul><ul><li> Diseases manifested by an excess of Kapha </li></ul><ul><li> Impaired body functions </li></ul><ul><li> Impairment of sense functions </li></ul><ul><li> Irregular gastric fire </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><ul><ul><li>Less building of tissues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less or slow elimination of waste substances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of consciousness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low vitality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow, diminished movements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul></ul></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Shallow inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Dull sensory perception with untimely responses </li></ul><ul><li>Depletion of life force </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of joy </li></ul><ul><li>Grief </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>EFFECTS OF VATA VITIATION </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia </li></ul><ul><li>Arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Dandruff </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Dry eczema </li></ul><ul><li>Epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Glaucoma </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lameness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Macular Degeneration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mania </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Osteo Arthritis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psoriasis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tension headaches </li></ul></ul></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><li>BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF PITTA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Good appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced digestion </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced heat regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Good eye sight </li></ul><ul><li>Luster </li></ul><ul><li>Softness in the body </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cheerfulness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exhilaration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Valor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharp intellect </li></ul></ul></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>INCREASED EFFECTS OF PITTA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Burning sensation </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive heat </li></ul><ul><li>Suppuration, sloughing </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive perspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Softening </li></ul><ul><li>Itching, redness, discharge, bleeding tendency </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><ul><li>Bristling of body hair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bitter taste in mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Craving for cold substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive hunger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive thirst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combustion of tissues </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><ul><li>Loss of sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very sharp digestion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow coloration of stool, urine, eyes, nails, and skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burning eyes and feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broken capillaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal ridges on nails </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irritation, annoyance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessively critical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessively cavalier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hatred, jealousy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overly aggressive, rage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disturbed intellect, internal storm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disturbed or short temper </li></ul></ul></ul>
  57. 57. <ul><ul><li>DECREASED EFFECTS OF PITTA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impairment of vital essence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessened or lack of urination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harshness of the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heaviness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased mucous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigestion </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><ul><ul><li>Irregular pain and burning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of luster </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of softness in the body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low hunger & thirst </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low temperature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pallor of nails and eyes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor vision </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow digestion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stiffness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tremors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  59. 59. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Dull intellect </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of happiness </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul><li>EFFECTS OF PITTA VITIATION </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acne </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allergies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anorexia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colitis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conjunctivitis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact dermatitis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eczema </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul></ul></ul>
  61. 61. <ul><ul><ul><li>Hyperacidity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hypertension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inflammatory diseases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irritable bowel syndrome </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jaundice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liver diseases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peptic ulcers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rashes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rosacea </li></ul></ul></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF KAPHA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Binding, unctuousness </li></ul><ul><li>Heaviness </li></ul><ul><li>Lubrication of joints </li></ul><ul><li>Plumpness </li></ul><ul><li>Potency </li></ul><ul><li>Stability of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Strength, strong immunity </li></ul><ul><li>Vitality </li></ul><ul><li>Wound healing </li></ul>
  63. 63. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of greed </li></ul><ul><li>Affection </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Firmness </li></ul><ul><li>Forbearance and fortitude </li></ul><ul><li>Forgiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Generosity, knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Restraint, patience </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul>
  64. 64. <ul><li>INCREASED EFFECTS OF KAPHA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Astonishment </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking of the channels </li></ul><ul><li>Bumps </li></ul><ul><li>Cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Coldness </li></ul><ul><li>Corpulence </li></ul><ul><li>Coughing </li></ul>
  65. 65. <ul><ul><ul><li>Disturbed potency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Double chin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dullness of gastric fire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive excretion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive mucus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive oiliness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive secretions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive sleep </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive sweat </li></ul></ul></ul>
  66. 66. <ul><ul><ul><li>Fainting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firmness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flabbiness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heaviness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humidity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immobility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Itching </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of skin tone </li></ul></ul></ul>
  67. 67. <ul><ul><ul><li>Leanness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lethargic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lethargy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lethargy, laziness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Looseness of joints, skin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nasal allergies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Numbness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oozing, itching </li></ul></ul></ul>
  68. 68. <ul><li>Pallor of skin </li></ul><ul><li>Physical dullness </li></ul><ul><li>Puffiness </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced sensory acuity </li></ul><ul><li>Secretions from the mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of bones </li></ul><ul><li>Sinus congestion </li></ul>
  69. 69. <ul><li>Slow digestion </li></ul><ul><li>Softening </li></ul><ul><li>Stickiness </li></ul><ul><li>Sweetness in mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen feet, ankles </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness, lassitude </li></ul><ul><li>Weight gain </li></ul>
  70. 70. <ul><ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>· Attachment </li></ul><ul><li>· Laziness, inertia </li></ul><ul><li>· Dullness of mind </li></ul><ul><li>· Ignorance, emotional heaviness </li></ul><ul><li>· Negativity </li></ul><ul><li>· Dysphoria </li></ul><ul><li>· Possessive, inability to let go </li></ul><ul><li>· Greed </li></ul><ul><li>· Lust, envy, stupefaction </li></ul>
  71. 71. <ul><li>DECREASED EFFECTS OF KAPHA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Body aches </li></ul><ul><li>Cramps </li></ul><ul><li>Debility </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>Dryness </li></ul><ul><li>Giddiness </li></ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul>
  72. 72. <ul><ul><ul><li>Instability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal burning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lightness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Looseness of joints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of consciousness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tachycardia (Increased heart rate) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thirst </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trembling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wakefulness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul></ul></ul>
  73. 73. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of self control </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of patience </li></ul><ul><li>Less forgiving nature </li></ul>
  74. 74. <ul><li>EFFECTS OF KAPHA VITIATION </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arthritis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asthma </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bronchitis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coronary heart disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cough </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  75. 75. <ul><ul><ul><li>Fibroid tumors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gallstones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Edema </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impotency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sinusitis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tumors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urinary stones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wet eczema </li></ul></ul></ul>
  76. 76. <ul><li>VATA AGGRAVATING FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>Change of season from summer to autumn </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance of tranquil, warm, moist places </li></ul><ul><li>Eating dry, rough, light, frozen or leftover foods </li></ul><ul><li>Eating on the run </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive exposure to dry, cold, cloudy weather </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive sexual indulgence </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive wakefulness (staying awake at night, insufficient sleep)  </li></ul>
  77. 77. <ul><li>Falling down, bone fractures, injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting, insufficient food intake </li></ul><ul><li>Fear, grief, worry, anxiety, agitation, anger, sadness, misery, mental shock </li></ul><ul><li>Irregularity in daily and seasonal routines </li></ul><ul><li>Major abdominal surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Mental or physical exertion (excessive work, exercise, traveling, speaking) </li></ul><ul><li>Never lubricating the body </li></ul><ul><li>Repressing feelings </li></ul>
  78. 78. <ul><ul><ul><li>Astringent, bitter, pungent foods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suppression of natural urges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of drugs, especially cocaine and speed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive, sudden weight loss </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(including due to disease) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exposure to high winds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Working the night shift </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vata period (time) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Afternoon & third part of the night </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(2:00 pm – 6:00 pm and 2:00 am – 6:00 am) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third hour after meal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After the age of 60 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  79. 79. <ul><li>PITTA AGGRAVATING FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>Anger, hatred, jealousy, passion </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance of cool, fresh, peaceful places </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive consumption of tomatoes, chilies, raw onions, sour foods, and yogurt </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging in frustrating activities </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive exposure to heat, sunshine, fire </li></ul>
  80. 80. <ul><li>Exercising at the hottest time of day </li></ul><ul><li>Exertion, excessive activity, speaking and thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting (not invariably) </li></ul><ul><li>Hot, sharp, sour, salty and pungent foods </li></ul><ul><li>Intake of excess red meat and salted fish or other highly salted foods </li></ul>
  81. 81. <ul><li>Pitta Period (middle age, midday, midnight, hot weather) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Midday & third part of the night </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(10:00 am – 2:00 pm and 10:00 pm – 2:00 am) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second hour after meals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle age between 30 – 60 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repressing feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Using drugs, especially cocaine, speed or marijuana </li></ul><ul><li>Wearing tight, hot clothing </li></ul>
  82. 82. <ul><li>KAPHA AGGRAVATING FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance of invigorating, warm, dry areas </li></ul><ul><li>Denying your creative self </li></ul><ul><li>Eating dessert every day, especially rich ones such as cheesecake or ice cream </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive intake of fatty foods and oil </li></ul><ul><li>Overeating </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive rest and sleep (sleeping in the daytime, after meals or too much) </li></ul>
  83. 83. <ul><li>Heavy, unctuous, cold, sweet, sour, saline, slimy food </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient mental and physical exercise or work </li></ul><ul><li>Indulgence in inertia </li></ul><ul><li>Kapha periods (childhood, morning, evening, cold and wet climate) </li></ul>
  84. 84. <ul><ul><ul><li>Early morning and night </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(6:00 am – 10:00 am & 6:00 pm – 10:00 pm) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First hour after meals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Childhood to middle age (0 – 30 years) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Living on potato chips & beer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Repressing feelings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using drugs, especially sedatives & tranquilizers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  85. 85. Ayurvedic Body types <ul><li>Vata constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Pitta constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Kapha constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Vata Pitta constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Vata Kapha constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Pitta Kapha constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Pitta Vata constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Kapha Vata constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Kapha Pitta constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Vata Pitta Kapha constitution </li></ul>
  86. 86. <ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS OF VATA CONSTITUTION </li></ul><ul><li> Irregular hunger and digestion </li></ul><ul><li> Display short-lived bursts of emotion </li></ul><ul><li> Enthusiasm, liveliness, imagination </li></ul><ul><li> Easy excitability </li></ul><ul><li> Changing moods </li></ul><ul><li> No set hour for bedtime </li></ul><ul><li> Keep irregular habits </li></ul>
  87. 87. <ul><li>Light, interrupted sleep; tendency toward insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Light, thin, body build </li></ul><ul><li>Love, excitement and constant change </li></ul><ul><li>Mental and physical energy comes in bursts </li></ul><ul><li>Perform activity too quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Quick to grasp new information, but with poor retention </li></ul><ul><li>Skip meals easily </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency to worry </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency toward constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Tire easily, tendency to over exert </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid gait (walking) </li></ul>
  88. 88. <ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS OF PITTA CONSTITUTION </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion to sun and hot weather </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot skip or delay meals </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprising character, likes challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Fair or ruddy skin, often freckled </li></ul><ul><li>Determined stride </li></ul><ul><li>Often thought to be too demanding, sarcastic, or critical by others </li></ul><ul><li>Follow tight schedules and dislike wasting time </li></ul><ul><li>Medium build </li></ul><ul><li>Medium strength and endurance </li></ul>
  89. 89. <ul><li>Precise, articulate speech </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp hunger and thirst, strong digestion </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp intellect </li></ul><ul><li>Take command of situations of feel that they should </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency toward anger, irritable under stress </li></ul><ul><li>Wake up at night feeling hot and thirsty </li></ul>
  90. 90. <ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS OF KAPHA CONSITUTION </li></ul><ul><li>Affectionate, tolerant and forgiving </li></ul><ul><li>Happy with the status quo and preserve it by conciliating others </li></ul><ul><li>Cool, smooth, thick, pale, and often oily skin </li></ul><ul><li>Graceful movements, gliding walk </li></ul><ul><li>Charming eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy, prolonged sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Ponder carefully for a long time before making decisions </li></ul>
  91. 91. <ul><ul><ul><li>Seek emotional comfort through eating </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow digestion, mild hunger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow to grasp new information, but excellent retentive memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solid, powerful build </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great physical strength and endurance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  92. 92. <ul><li>Steady energy, slow and graceful in action </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency to be possessive, self-contented </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency toward obesity or overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Tranquil, relaxed personality, slow to anger </li></ul><ul><li>Wake up slowly, lie in bed a long time, and often require coffee in the morning </li></ul>
  93. 93. BENEFITS OF SELF MASSAGE ( ABHYANGA ) <ul><li>Cleanses the body </li></ul><ul><li>Flushes toxins and impurities </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulates the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes free flow of energies </li></ul><ul><li>Helps prevent accumulation of physiological imbalances </li></ul><ul><li>Rejuvenates both the mind and body </li></ul>
  94. 94. <ul><li>Lubricates and promotes flexibility of joints, muscles and tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Rejuvenates the skin, promotes softness and luster </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes youthfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Invigorates the nervous and the endocrine systems through stimulation of the vital points ( marma ) and cutaneous nerves throughout the skin that connect to every part of the body </li></ul>
  95. 95. Scientific Studies on Sesame Oil Massage <ul><li>Significant benefits from massaging newborns, such as enhanced weight gain and responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>(Field T, Scafidi F, Schanberg S 1987 Massage of pre term newborns to improve growth and development. Pediatric Nursing 13:385-387) </li></ul><ul><li>(Rice R 1977 Neurophysiological development in premature infants following stimulation, Developmental Psychology 13:69-76) </li></ul>
  96. 96. <ul><li>Dr. Edwards Smith found those who practice sesame oil massage daily have significantly less bacterial infection on their skin. This may have to do with the major component of sesame oil, linoleic acid, which makes up 40% of the oil. Lineoleic acid inhibits the growth of pathogenic bacteria, is an anti-inflammatory agent, anticaricinogen. Sesame oil has been shown to inhibit in vitro malignant melanoma growth (Smith & Salerno 1992) and human colon adenocarcinoma cell line growth (Salerno & Smith 1991), antioxidant (Fukuda et al 1986, Sugano et al 1990) </li></ul>
  97. 97. Scientific Study On Sesame Oil Gargle <ul><li>Dr. Mary Martha Stevens, Chairperson of the Dental Hygiene Department of Wichita State University, found that people who gargled with sesame oil daily had significantly lower (p<0.001) bacteria colony types in sub-gingival probe specimens (“The effects of a sesame oil mouth rinse on the number of oral bacteria colony types.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Presented at the 11th International Symposium on Dental Hygiene, Ottawa, Canada, June 1989) </li></ul>

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