Ideology
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Ideology

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Ideology Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Ideology : Scholar Academic IdeologyQUESTION ANSWERS (Phrases or Quotes) REFERENCEAims: What is the purpose of • Preserving the existence of the discipline by guaranteeing Page 39education? that there exist members of discipline who will carry their traditions • Building literacy of the disciplines of knowledge within the general population so that the public will benefit from the knowledge discovered by the disciplines. • Believes that the benefits of preserving the culture’s way of knowing by extending the discipline are central to the preservation of civilization and the extension of the world of knowledge within the minds of students is defined mission of the school.Student: What is the nature of student? • View the student as immature member of an academic Page 42 discipline who is capable of acculturation within that discipline as a result of a result of learning its content and ways of thinking. • Minds at the bottom of the hierarchy who are capable of being raised to higher level within the hierarchy.Learning : What is the role of the • Students are viewed as being drawn into the discipline and Page 43learner? have enormous capacity to learn and will absorb ideas like sponges if properly taught, motivated and encouraged. • Learning result of an intentional activity initiated by the teacher and deliberately aimed at the student.
  • 2. Teaching: What is the role of the • Educator conceive of themselves as working within their Page 176teacher? academic disciplines in such a way that their own curriculum construction endeavours coincide with those of their academic community • Primary mediators between the curriculum and the students where they interpret, present a discipline to students rather than creating new knowledge.Knowledge : What is knowledge? • Knowledge gives people the ability to understand their Page 40 world. • Knowledge takes the form of both “content” and “ process” • Knowledge can be transmitted from one human to another or retained in the mind of the people transmitted.Evaluation : What does evaluation look • Formative evaluation takes place while a curriculum is Page 40like? being developed, it provides information that allows the curriculum to be revised. • Summative evaluation measures how well the curriculum reflects the discipline and prepares the student for further work in the discipline.
  • 3. Ideology : Social Efficiency Ideology QUESTION ANSWERS (Phrases or Quotes) REFERENCE Aims: What is the purpose of • Education is a process of changing behavior of people. Page 176 education? • The educators need to carry out the task efficiently and scientifically • It emphasis on how they accomplish the task rather than in which task they accomplish. Student: What is the nature of student? • View the student as immature member of an academic Page 42 discipline who is capable of acculturation within that discipline as a result of a result of learning its content and ways of thinking. • Minds at the bottom of the hierarchy who are capable of being raised to higher level within the hierarchy. Learning : What is the role of the • Students are viewed as being drawn into the discipline and Page 43 learner? have enormous capacity to learn and will absorb ideas like sponges if properly taught, motivated and encouraged. • Learning result of an intentional activity initiated by the teacher and deliberately aimed at the student. Teaching: What is the role of the • Educator conceive of themselves as working within their Page 176 teacher? academic disciplines in such a way that their own curriculum construction endeavors coincide with those of their academic community • Primary mediators between the curriculum and the students
  • 4. where they interpret, present a discipline to students rather than creating new knowledge.Knowledge : What is knowledge? • Knowledge gives people the ability to understand their Page 40 world. • Knowledge takes the form of both “content” and “ process” • Knowledge can be transmitted from one human to another or retained in the mind of the people transmitted.Evaluation: What does evaluation look • Evaluate curricula and students with respect to an a priori Page 187like? standard based in normative values. The scholars evaluate in order to scientifically determine quality control. • Binary criterion that determines acceptance or rejection of what they evaluate.
  • 5. Ideology : Learner centered Ideology QUESTION ANSWERS (Phrases or Quotes) REFERENCE Aims: What is the purpose of • To stimulate and nurture growth in students, teachers and Page 116 education? other involved in education. • Educational environment designed by curriculum develops; initiate the direction of growth, and making meaning for themselves by understanding their personal involvement. Student: What is the nature of student? • Students are unique individual who naturally create Page 117 meaning and knowledge through interaction with their environment. • Capacity to grow, their motivation to learn, ability to make meaning due to their innate capabilities and exploratory inclinations and impulses. Learning : What is the role of the • Learning takes place naturally and is congruent with Page 120 learner? people’s nature. • Learner interacts with the world around them and makes meaning for themselves out of those interactions. • Learners have different learning style and learning is facilitated by relationship of openness, trust and mutual respect. Teaching: What is the role of the • To facilitate students growth by presenting them with Page 185 teacher? experience from which they make meaning, and the intervene between students and their experience in order to facilitate their growth.
  • 6. • Experiences and modes of invention are chosen within the curriculum to match students’ individual needs.Knowledge : What is knowledge? • Knowledge is not viewed as a universal ,abstract, Page 126 impersonal quantity. • Emphasis the learning person rather that knowledge ,the quality od people’s conceptual structures and meaning making abilities rather than the knowledge of objectivity reality that they possess.Evaluation: What does evaluation look • Evaluate curricula and students with respect to an a priori Page 187like? standard based in normative values. The scholars evaluate in order to scientifically determine quality control. • Binary criterion that determines acceptance or rejection of what they evaluate.
  • 7. Ideology : Social Reconstruction Ideology QUESTION ANSWERS (Phrases or Quotes) REFERENCE Aims: What is the purpose of • Eliminate undesirable aspects of their culture Page 133 education? • Reconstruct their culture in such a way that its members will attain maximum satisfaction of their material and spiritual needs. • Education can overcome many problems faced by the society. Student: What is the nature of student? • Product of society ,as social actor and a contributing Page 158 members of society who can aid in its construction. • Use their freedom and power to mold today’s society and can support appropriate visions of a future good society. Learning : What is the role of the • Active assimilation of new experience into learners’ meaning Page 160 learner? structure in such a way as to force those meaning structure to accommodate to the new experience. • Learning is based on what one already knows about the world, and it is meaningful only when it can be accommodated to one’s overall conception of reality. • As active agent in assimilating and accommodating experience in such a way that it makes sense to the learner. Teaching: What is the role of the • Bring aspects of society that function outside the school into the Page 185 teacher? school so that they can be used to educate children while they are in school • Bring endeavors that take place during school time outside the school so that children can have firsthand experiences in their community.
  • 8. Knowledge : What is knowledge? • Gives ability to interpret and reconstruct their society Page 177 • Knowledge originates and exists in the subjective minds of individuals and is dependent on the subjective meaning of those individuals. • Knowledge is idiosyncratic to the individual who possess it in that each individual understands knowledge in his or her own unique way, which is not easily accessible. • Knowledge is useful and thus important because it allows individuals to act to bring into existence a society better than the present one. Evaluation: What does evaluation look • Subjective and holistic approach to evaluating curricula Page 172, Page 187 like? and students in relation to the social situation in which they exist. • Takes account of the social environment in which the curriculum is examined and involves taking account of both the students’ performance and the student’s ability to perform. • Evaluation and feedback are for the purpose of aiding students in reconstructing themselves so that they can turn aid in the reconstruction of society.ReferenceSchiro, M. (2008). Conflicting Visions and Enduring Concerns .Curriculum Theory . SAGE Publication