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English mandarin comparision presentation
 

English mandarin comparision presentation

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    English mandarin comparision presentation English mandarin comparision presentation Presentation Transcript

    • English and Mandarin Comparison Presentation By Sheila Cook
    • Key Features of Mandarin Language
      • Spoken by more than 1.3 Billion People
      • Traditional Written in Columns and Read from Right to Left
        • Now, it is written like English is (left to right)
      • Logographic System of Writing
        • Words are represented by symbols
        • No Alphabet
      • Tone Language
        • Pitch Determines Meaning
    • Some Differences Between Mandarin and English
      • Few Verb Sounds in Mandarin
        • Mandarin Speakers and Listeners do not have to differentiate between the [u] and [ ʊ ] sounds.
        • Therefore, sounds in the English words full and fool are not detected
      • Auxiliary Verbs
        • Mandarin language does not include auxiliary verbs as English does
      • Mandarin is an Uninflected language
        • Mandarin word order conveys meaning
      • Intonation
        • In Mandarin intonation denotes meaning
    • Research was conducted through interviews with Yujia Jiang
      • 20-year old female Wilkes University student
      • Born and Raised in China
      • Native Mandarin Speaker
      • Moved to Wilkes-Barre, PA in January 2011
      • Graduated from Chinese equivalent to American high school at age 18
      • Studied English for a year in China before moving to America
      • Completely fluent in the Mandarin Language
    • English Language Education in China
      • According to Jiang, there was no speaking section in her high school English classes. Class instead focused on Writing and Reading.
      • No Listening or Speaking Sections
      • Today, she struggles most with listening and speaking in English
    • Types of Errors Committed During Interview Process 36 Total Errors Made 5 Verb Tense 14 Punctuation 1 Alternate Spelling 4 Word Choice/Word Addition 10 Word Omissions 2 Capitalization
    • Types of Errors Committed During Interview Process
    • Difficulties when Acquiring English for a Native Mandarin Speaker
      • New Alphabet
        • Mandarin is a logosyllabic language and is not based on an alphabet
      • Different Phonology
        • Some English phonemes do not exist in Mandarin and therefore must be acquired
        • Difficulty distinguishing between [l] and [r] sounds
          • Lice and Rice can be confused & hello can be mispronounced as [h ə ro] rather than [h ə lo]
      • Articles
        • Mandarin does not contain articles as English does ( a, an, the)
        • Jiang committed 4 article errors during out exchange because there is no transfer of knowledge from her L1
    • Difficulties when Acquiring English for a Native Mandarin Speaker
      • Punctuation
        • Jiang committed 14 errors of punctuation during our exchange
        • However, Mandarin punctuation functions much in the same way that English punctuation does
        • They differ only in form
      • Verb Tense
        • Mandarin relies on word order not tense as the English language does
        • Therefore, there is no knowledge to transfer
    • Instructional Implications
      • Mandarin and English are extremely different languages and therefore little knowledge transfer is available to the ELL
      • Areas where transfer can be found, therefore, should be focused on initially allowing the ELL to achieve initial success
        • Ex: Focusing on punctuation early while introducing the Latin Alphabet used in English
      • Allow for a Great Deal of Conversational English Time
        • Greater speaking opportunities will enhance an ELL’s abilitiy to grasp the correlation between letters and sounds in the new alphabet