THANK YOU FOR GIVING ME THIS DREAM TRIP AND I THANK FRANKFINN FOR GIVING ME THIS GOLDEN OPPURTUNITY. AND I THANK MY FACULTY MRS. CLARA FERNANDES FOR HER ADVICE ABOUT THE THEORY OF RELATIVITY. [email_address] ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
(The above given 2 letter are the country codes given by IATA….)
So now its my duty to explain them the history of the country, its major tourist attractions and all the documentations that are required to make their visit a memorable one…..
As it is mandatory for a travel agency to know about the passengers requirement of the places that he wishes to travel, a pre-forma has to be filled to help him out. So, Mr. Jack has filled the details and hence I have chosen the above 2 countries. the pre-forma is filled in the following manner…..
TOUR PRE- FORMA XYZ TRAVALS PVT. LTD. NAME : MR..JACK D’SOUZA NAME OF PASSENGERS : 1.MR.JACK D’SOUZA 2.MRS.ANIADA D’SOUZA DATE : DEPARTURE – 10/10/10 ARRIVAL – 17/10/10 POINT OF DEPARTURE – MUMBAI POINT OF ARRIVAL – MUMBAI ITINERARY – F.I.T CLASS OF SERVICE – “E” CLASS MODE OF TRANSPORT – AIRWAYS TRANSFERS & PICK-DROP – INCLUSIVE HOTEL TYPE – 5 STAR [email_address]
HISTORY OF UNITED ARAB EMIRATES In the 19th century, states along the Persian Gulf coastline agreed to the UK having power for their protection and affairs abroad. In 1971, six Arab states: Umm al-Quwain , Dubai , Sharjah , Ajman , Fujirah , and Abu Dhabi merged to form the United Arab Emirates . In 1972, the emirate of Ras Al-Khaimah joined the UAE. The republic is an alliance of these seven emirates, all of which are located in the Arabian cape. The republic has long shorelines and seaports in and out of the Straits of Hormuz where the entry to the Persian Bay is located. The UAE is about the same size as the American state of Maine. The official language of the UAE is Arabic, and the officially recognized religion is Islam. Islam was brought to the UAE by those sent by the Prophet Muhammad in the year 630. Within each emirate, a sheikh maintains control over natural resources, oil included, and also is in charge of regulating commerce with rules and policies. Because of the UAE's oil reserves being unequally distributed over the republic, oil revenues are also unevenly distributed, so the seven emirates vary in terms of economic development and prosperity. The biggest oil producer is Abu Dhabi , which is the most powerful and the wealthiest state. Next is Dubai , which is the UAE's business canter and second in terms of oil resources. [email_address]
HISTORY OF FRANCE F rance is an independent nation in Western Europe and the center of a large overseas administration. It is the third-largest European nation (after Russia and Ukraine). I n ancient times France was part of the Celtic territory known as Gaul or Gallia. Its present name is derived from the Latin Francia, meaning "country of the Franks," a Germanic people who conquered the area during the 5th century, at the time of the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It became a separate country in the 9th century. S ince the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events. In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa. It has, however, survived and emerged from the ruins of World War II to become an important world supplier of agricultural and industrial products and a major partner in the EUROPEAN COMMUNITY (EC, or Common Market). T oday, the term metropolitan France refers to the mainland departments and CORSICA, a large island located in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Italy that has been a part of France since 1768. France has six overseas departments: FRENCH GUIANA in South America; GUADELOUPE and MARTINIQUE in the West Indies; MAYOTTE, an island formerly part of the Comoros, located in the Indian Ocean; REUNION, an island in the Indian Ocean; and SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON, islands off the east coast of Canada. In addition, France has numerous small possessions called overseas territories. These include a group of widely scattered islands in the South Pacific, which are administered from Tahiti and are known collectively as FRENCH POLYNESIA; FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC TERRITORIES; NEW CALEDONIA and WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS; and many small islands in the southern oceans, including the Kerguelen and Crozet archipelagos and the islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam (Indian Ocean). The overseas departments and territories are represented in the French National Assembly. [email_address]
Abu Dhabi is not a tourist destination, but there is whole lot more to see and do here than shopping or business meetings. More good news is that many of Abu Dhabi's quality attractions free. Travellers should take note that getting around the city by foot is not much of an option due to the extreme heat and the best time of year for sightseeing in Abu Dhabi is between October and May. Famed for its amazing shopping opportunities, many visitors might choose to scrap any sightseeing and spend their time wandering the seemingly endless amounts of shopping malls and districts, but for those who don't a good place to start is Corniche, Abu Dhabi's spectacular waterfront which stretches for miles. Stroll along the walkway, stop on of the sandy beaches or take the kids to the playgrounds or go-karting track. The Sheikh Zayed Mosque is the largest mosque in the United Arab Emirates and is an interesting cultural attraction for westerners to visit. Khalifa Park is a must for travellers, especially those with kids in tow, as it features an aquarium, museum, play parks, a train and even formal gardens to enjoy some time out under the shade of a tree. Most of Abu Dhabi's hotels have their own beaches and swimming or simply lazing in the sun is a popular pastime for travellers to Abu Dhabi - but don't forget the sunscreen! [email_address]
The majestic Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Mosque is probably the most imposing religious and national landmark in Abu Dhabi to date. It is also arguably one of the most important architectural treasures of contemporary UAE society - and one of the most beautiful in the world - initiated no less by the late president HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who is fondly thought of as the father of the UAE. [email_address]
The oldest building in young Abu Dhabi is the Al Hosn Palace, known colloquially as the White Fort. It was constructed in 1793 as the official residence of the former ruling family, and was extensively renovated in 1983. Today it houses the Cultural Foundation, featuring a museum of traditional artefacts and historical photographs. The Palace is renowned for the magnificent tile work over its main gate. [email_address]
Designed as a living museum depicting traditional Bedouin life, the Heritage Village over the Abu Dhabi Corniche features tents, courtyard houses, an ancient irrigation system, workshops where craftsmen ply their trades, a museum and much more. [email_address]
The basis of Abu Dhabi's wealth, the oil industry, is showcased in this permanent exhibition of photographs and interactive displays depicting the discovery of the 'black gold' and subsequent development of the region. The Petroleum Exhibition is an interesting museum and shows how the city of Abu Dhabi progressed after the discovery of oil, which is directly responsible for the city's considerable wealth. You can see a timeline, with the major changes of the city's skyline and host of modern attractions that have been built. From pearls to oil, Abu Dhabi is now one of the world's largest oil producing regions. Abu Dhabi museum open: Saturday to Wednesday - 07:00 to 14:00 Abu Dhabi museum admission: charge, discount for children [email_address]
[email_address] Dubai Shopping Festival Burj Al Arab Desert Safari Ski Dubai Wild Wadi Waterpark Camel Racing Wonderland Waterpark Dhows Wonder Bus Knowledge Village Dubai Museum Heritage And Diving Village Bastakiya Dubai Creek Horse Racing Dubai Zoo Grand Mosque Children’s City Dragon Mart Jumeirah Mosque Seawings Dubai World Trade Center Dubai Autodrome Burj Dubai Attractions Of Dubai
The 15th edition of Dubai Shopping Festival (DSF), the 32 day shopping, entertainment and cultural extravaganza will kick-start in a colourful manner this evening. Organizers of the event are expecting large visitor turnout this year from Gulf and Asian countries. Last year, the visitor numbers increased by 4.6percent to 3.35million, and the average money spent was about Dh.9.8billion, said Laila Suhail, Chief Executive of event organizer, Dubai Events and Promotions Establishment (DEPE). [email_address]
Burj al Arab In its relatively short tenure on the Dubai coastline this legendary and symbolic hotel has attracted international attention and awe, ensuring its place as one of the most photographed structures in the world, and consistenly voted the worlds most luxurious hotel. Designed to resemble a billowing sail, Burj Al Arab soars to a height of 321 metres, dominating the Dubai skyline. Illuminated at night by choreographed lighting representing water and fire – Burj Al Arab is simply individual, inspired, impressive. This all-suite luxury hotel in Dubai reflects the very finest that the world has to offer. With a discreet in-suite check-in, private reception desk on every floor and a brigade of highly trained butlers, you can be assured of the ultimate in personal service throughout your stay. [email_address]
We invite you to begin your Dubai sightseeing with Burj Khalifa, the tallest building in the world . The Burj Khalifa skyscraper is a world-class destination and the magnificent centerpiece of Downtown Dubai , Dubai's new urban masterpiece. The world's tallest building is surrounded by hotels , must-visit shopping destinations and a world of entertainment options. Height (architectural): 827.99 m Height (observation floor): 37.80 m Height (observation deck):452.10 m Floors (above ground):162 [email_address]
Wafi City is a shopping complex that hosts a variety of designer shops, boutiques and other entertainment facilities.
Paris, France is one of the most fascinating and romantic cities in Europe, and tourists visiting this wonderful city will find that things to see and do are almost limitless. Known as the 'City of Light', the beauty of Paris is overwhelming and its architectural and artistic heritage combine with undeniable appeal and world-class tourism to make any visit an unforgettable experience. [email_address]
Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel) is the symbol of Paris , one of the most visited tourist attractions and the best known tower in the world. The Eiffel Tower is 300 meters (984 ft) tall and was designed by Gustave Eiffel for the Universal Exibition of 1889 and stirred great controversy among the Paris citizens. After its opening the intellectuals of Paris gathered to protest against the grotesque Eiffel Tower. The Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in the world until 1931 when the Empire State building in New York was built. Gustave Eiffel also constructed the framework of the Statue of Liberty in New York City. The Eiffel Tower is made of iron and has three observation levels, all accessible by elevators. The first level is at 57 meters (187 ft) and has a post office. The second level features a restaurant and is at 115 meters (376 ft) and the third level is at 276 meters (905 ft) and has observation deck that can hold 800 people. During the summer it gets very crowded and the wait can be as much as an hour per level. One curious fact – every seven years the Eiffel Tower is painted using 60 tons of paint. Eiffel Tower [email_address]
Arc de Triomphe The Arc de Triomphe (Triumphal Arch) is one of Paris’ main tourist attractions. It was commissioned by Napoleon after his victory at the Battle of Austerlitz and was finished in 1836 The Arc de Triomphe was dedicated to the French army and is the home to the Unknown Soldier’s grave since 1920. The Triumphal arch is one of the most famous arches in the world. It was designed by Jean Chalgrin and it resembles the Arch of Titus in Rome . The Triumphal arch is a monumental building 50 meter high (164 ft). The Arc de Triomphe is adorned with many reliefs and friezes depicting scenes of Napoleon’s victories and just below the roof thirty shields bear the names of his many victorious battles. The Triumphal arch is at the center of Charles de Gaulle square ( Place Charles de Gaulle ) and is a starting point of 12 avenues one of them the famous Champs-Elysées . On the roof of the Arc de Triomphe is an observation deck offering incredible view of Paris and Champs-Elysées. [email_address]
Luxembourg Gardens (Jardin du Luxembourg) like Jardin des Tuileries is one of the many parks in Paris but Jardin du Luxembourg is maybe the most popular of them all. The park is located on the Left Bank of the river Seine right next to Palais du Luxembourg . The gardens were a private park till the 19th century when were opened to the public. Luxembourg Gardens feature octagonal basin, café, tennis court, puppet theatre and is full of people playing the boules , a typical French game where you are tossing balls on a lawn. The park features many statues, and fountains, one of them Fontaine de l'Observatoire . The fountain’s sculpture was designed by Jean Baptiste Carpeaux in 1873 and represents the globe supported by the four continents portrayed by four women. [email_address]
Place de la Concorde - Place de la Concorde Place de la Concorde is the largest and most historic square in Paris , located at the end of the Champs-Élysées in the Tuileries Quarter. The square was created by the architect Jacques-Ange Gabriel in 1772. During the French revolution a guillotine was installed at the center of Place de la Concorde. One of the most famous people beheaded here in 1793 was Marie Antoinette. King Louis XVI lost his head here too as well as 1120 more people. In the 19th century a giant 3,200 year old Egyptian obelisk brought here from Luxor, was installed at the center of Place de la Concorde. A couple of years later 2 fountains were installed both designed by Jacob Ignaz Hittorf. He also designed the eight statues which represent the seven cities of France – Strasbourg, Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux, Nantes, Brest, Rouen and Lille. [email_address]
Moulin Rouge (Red Windmill) located in Montmartre is the best known music and dancing hall in all of Paris and has earned a worldwide reputation. Moulin Rouge was built in 1885 as a traditional cabaret and quickly became known with its colorful dance shows. Toulouse-Lautrec (the famous French artist) immortalized the Cancan dancers in his posters. Some of the famous performers at Moulin Rouge include Yvette Guilbert, Jane Avril, Josephine Baker, Frank Sinatra and Édith Piaf. [email_address]
Pont Neuf spans over the River Seine and connects Paris with Île de la Cité . Pont Neuf is the oldest bridge in Paris ironically called (New Bridge). It was built by Henry III in 1578 and was completed by Henry IV in 1607 . At the center of the bridge on the square Vert-Galant, a bronze statue of King Henry IV was erected after his death. Pont Neuf has 12 arches and spans 275 meters (912 ft). It is the first stone bridge built without houses on it and became a meeting place for the people of Paris as well as one of the most popular bridges in Paris. In 1985 the Bulgarian born artist Christo wrapped Pont Neuf in fabric. Nearly 41,000 square meters of fabric had been used in this massive project and the river traffic was not obstructed at all. [email_address]
Cannes is home to an appealing variety of historic buildings, museums, and interesting sightseeing opportunities. Stroll through Cannes's sights on your own, or take a more organized approach to your Cannes sightseeing by checking on local tours. Take advantage of Cannes attractions and those in the surrounding area, both indoors and out. From a simple picnic or afternoon retreat to the park to a technical hike, a round of golf, or a more adventurous sport, there are plenty of Cannes activities to keep you busy. [email_address]
Cannes Film Festival The Cannes Film Festival is held each spring at the Palais des Festivals et des Congres on Boulevard de la Croisette. Many movie stars from Hollywood, New York and throughout Europe visit Cannes for this special occasion while tourists are sometimes able to see their favourite actors in the town. Visitors to Cannes can view the hand prints of dozens of famous movie stars in the concrete promenade outside this famous venue. The stars include: [email_address]
Cannes France is a wonderful place for people-watching. The city attracts thousands of rich and famous people from around the globe. They arrive in their luxurious yachts and on private jets and stay at one of the grand hotels on Cannes' famous Boulevard de la Croisette. The hotel shown below is the Carlton Hotel where the American actress Grace Kelly originally met Prince Rainier III (the Prince of Monaco) whom she later married. Rich and Famous [email_address]
Many tourists to Cannes enjoy taking a stroll by the yacht marina to admire the beautiful sailboats and yachts that are docked there. Many wealthy Europeans maintain a boat in Cannes and fly to this Mediterranean town for rest and relaxation. The best place to view the luxury yachts is from Quai St. Pierre. YACHTS IN CANNES [email_address]
Although many of the beaches at the west end of Plage de la Croisette in Cannes are operated privately for the grand hotels, a public sandy public beach exists at the east end. A pleasant city park and the Casino Palm Beach are located in this district of Cannes. Public Beach [email_address]
Visitors to Cannes can enjoy some wonderful French cuisine and great French wine at some of France's most elegant hotels. A few of the large hotels operate dining areas right on the Mediterranean Sea. Customers can enjoy watching the yachts come and go as they enjoy their meal. Dining in Cannes [email_address]
Visitors to Cannes France can find many elegant boutiques and shops that sell designer merchandise. Fine furniture, unique pieces of art and expensive jewelry are targeted at the rich and famous who spend much time in Cannes. Shopping in Cannes [email_address]
The latest fashions from France and Italy are available at designer shops and boutiques in Cannes France. Rue d'Antibes is a popular street for fashion in the city. Cannes fashion [email_address]
A beautiful park with flowers, trees and rosebushes can be found at the east end of Plage de la Croisette in Cannes France. Tourists to Cannes can enjoy a leisurely stroll from the Cannes City Hall along the waterfront to this pretty park, which is located at Square Verdun Roserale. The Casino Palm Beach is located nearby. Cannes Park [email_address]
There are at least three large casinos operating in Cannes France. The Casino Croisette is located across from the Palais des Festivals et des Congres, where the Cannes Film Festival is held each spring. The second one is situated across from the Cannes beach at the Hilton Hotel. Finally, the Casino Palm Beach is located on the tiny peninsula at the east end of Cannes. Cannes Casinos [email_address]
2 lit of spirits & 2 lit of wine (non-Muslims only)
A reasonable quantity of perfume
Prescribed drugs or over-the-counter medicines may be restricted, check prior to departure. Natural or cultured unstrung pearls except for personal use, firearms and ammunition, drugs. Wines, spirits & pork are restricted.
Day 2 (11/10/10): PARIS Meet and Greet upon arrival and transfer to hotel for check in. (Check in - l400hrs). Rest of the day free at leisure. Overnight at Hotel.
Day 3(12/10/10): PARIS CITY TOUR - LOUVRE MUSEUM - GREVIN WAX
MUSEUM-BENULUX- EIFFEL TOWER LEVEL 3 - LA NOUVELLE EVE SHOW
Enjoy breakfast at the hotel. After breakfast we proceed for the city tour
of Paris including visit to LOUVRE MUSEUM to see beautiful portrait
of Monalisa. Then we proceed to yet another amazing museum GREVIN
WAX MUSEUM where you will find the wax statues of who's-who of the
world, which includes politicians, sportsmen, singers, actors, etc. You
will have the great opportunity to take your picture with Mahatma
Gandhi and Superstar Shah Rukh Khan. After this we drive you to
BENULUX for your shopping and then on to GALERIES LAFAYETTE.
Enjoy lunch in the afternoon. And then visit EIFFEL TOWER. We take
you on Level 3. Evening enjoy delicious dinner prepared by our own
chefs. After dinner we take you for a famous Paris Show 'LA NOUVELLE
EVE SHOW'. Its great music, great performers with their dazzling
costumes, amazing light effects and unforgettable sound will always make
you remember this show. Return to hotel for overnight stay. Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Day 4(13/10/10): DISNEYLAND PARIS - DISNEY STUDIO Today after breakfast we take you to two greatest amusement Parks of Paris, DISNEY STUDIO AND DISNEYLAND PARIS. We recommend that you first visit Disney Studio and then go to Disneyland. We will give you the tickets which will cover both the parks and will also allow you to enjoy any shows and rides with this ticket. Why we are recommending Disney Studio first is that Disney Studio closes early and Disneyland closes late and again at Disneyland in the late evening on many days they have spectacular fire works and parades which you will be able to enjoy it. We have not included lunch today. For your information there are great number of good restaurants and also fast food outlets at Disneyland so it will give you a flexibility and opportunity to try the different food at any of the outlets. Your tour guide will explain you how to move around in the park but then let you be independent which will allow you to choose which ride or which show you want to go for. Evening enjoy delicious dinner prepared by our own chefs. And then return back to your hotel for overnight stay. Breakfast, Dinner [email_address]
Day 5(14/10/10) : PARIS - CANNES Breakfast at Hotel, Flight from Paris to Nice. Transfer to Cannes . Start your day charter in Cannes and head off across the beautiful bay overlooking La Croisette , and the famous Palais des Festivals , where the Cannes Film Festival is held each year in the month of May. From there you will see the palm trees lining the endless row of luxury boutiques and bars, and the grand Belle Epoch architecture of the Martinez and Carlton hotels.
From there you can sail or cruise across to the pretty islands called Les Iles des Lerins , a popular hot spot for boats to anchor during the summer months. Here you can enjoy swimming and snorkelling in the clear water between the two islands, St Marguerite and St Honorat, or simply relax and enjoy the view! St Honorat , the smaller of the two, hosts a monastery and the infamous dungeon where the " Man with the Iron Mask " was held captive. There is also a restaurant where you can lunch in style, so if you have time, the islands are well worth a visit.
From there you can head east towards Golfe Juan and Juan-les-Pins , two popular towns famous for their trendy beaches and summer nightlife. If you would like to water ski or jet ski, this is also the place to do it!
Day 7(16/10/10) : Arrive Dubai International Airport. Meet on arrival & transfer from the airport to a hotel in the city area of Dubai. Rest of the time at leisure. Overnight at hotel. After breakfast at the hotel, you will depart at 9am for the half day (4-hour) Dubai City Tour. At 1pm you will return to your hotel and then at 3:15 we will take you for an evening desert safari, a thrilling experience of dune bashing and driving in the dunes, tour also includes a BBQ dinner and belly dance. Then off to Abu- dhabi. Rest of the time at leisure. Overnight at hotel.
Day 8(17/10/10): Today we will depart to the capital of the United Emirates Arab's known as Abu Dhabi, after having breakfast and checking out of the hotel. This tour is the ideal way to discover the beautiful capital of Abu Dhabi. On arrival to this centre of Oil business and administration we visit the Petroleum Exhibition where we are sown a film about the amazing development in Abu Dhabi during the last 30 years. Afterwards we will stop at a carpet market where a huge variety of fabulous carpets from all around the world are sold. Our tour continues to the old Souk where you can experience the bustle of everyday life and the magnificent Abu Dhabi Corniche up to the end of the breakwater that stretches out into the sea, giving you a splendid view of the city skyline. Our tour ends with a short round at the Dhow yard where traditional boats are built the same way they have been for hundreds of years. We then check into a Abu Dhabi hotel for the night.
Day 9(18/10/10): After breakfast at the hotel, you have time to do last minutes shopping. Late afternoon proceed to the airport to board a flight back home. Tour ends on arrival.
The International Air Transport Association is an international industry trade group of airlines headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where the International Civil Aviation Organization also happens to be headquartered, even though they are different entities. The main objective of the organization is to assist airline companies to achieve lawful competition and uniformity in prices.
IATA was formed in April 1945, in Havana, Cuba.
Founded in The Hague in 1919, the year of the world's first international scheduled services.
At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America.
International Civil Aviation Organization ( ICAO )
Formation - April 1947
Headquarters - Montreal, Canada
Membership - 190 member states
Official languages - Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish
Secretary General - Taïeb Chérif
Website - http://www.icao.int
The ICAO is a United Nations (UN) organization dedicated to increasing the safety and security of international civil aviation. It addresses basic issues ranging from air navigation and capacity to environmental concerns .
The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966.
UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation.
In 1989, coming from Brussels, UFTAA set up its General Secretariat in the Principality of Monaco.
The Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a membership association that acts as a catalyst for the responsible development of the Asia Pacific travel and tourism industry.
In partnership with PATA ' s private- and public-sector members, it enhances the sustainable growth, value and quality of travel and tourism to, from and within the region.
PATA provides leadership to the collective efforts of nearly 100 government, state and city tourism bodies, more than 55 international airlines and cruise lines and hundreds of travel industry companies.
In addition, thousands of travel professionals belong to more than 30 PATA chapters worldwide.
PATA 's Strategic Intelligence Center (SIC) offers unrivaled data and insights, including Asia Pacific inbound and outbound statistics, analyses and forecasts, as well as in-depth reports on strategic tourism markets .
The Warsaw Convention is an international convention which regulates liability for international carriage of persons, luggage or goods performed by aircraft for reward.
Originally signed in 1929 in Warsaw (hence the name), it was amended in 1955 at The Hague and in 1975 in Montreal. United States courts have held that, at least for some purposes, the Warsaw Convention is a different instrument from the Warsaw Convention as Amended by the Hague Protocol.
The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention , established the International Civil Aviation Organization ( ICAO ), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax.
The document was signed on December 7, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, by 52 signatory states. It received the requisite 26th ratification on March 5, 1947 and went into effect on April 4, 1947, the same date that ICAO came into being. In October of the same year, ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
The Montreal Convention , formally the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage , is a treaty adopted by a Diplomatic meeting of ICAO member states in 1999. It amended important provisions of the Warsaw Convention's regime concerning compensation for the victims of air disasters. The Convention re-establishes urgently needed uniformity and predictability of rules relating to the international carriage of passengers, baggage and cargo. Whilst maintaining the core provisions which have successfully served the international air transport community for several decades (i.e. the Warsaw regime), the new convention achieves the required modernisation in a number of key areas. It protects passengers by introducing a two-tier liability system and by facilitating the swift recovery of proven damages without the need for lengthy litigation. [email_address]
Freedoms of the air The freedoms of the air are a set of commercial aviation rights granting a country's airline(s) the privilege to enter and land in another country's airspace. [email_address] Freedoms Description 1 st The right to fly over the territory of a treaty country without landing. 2nd The right of a carrier to stop in a country for non-commercial purposes, such as maintenance or refuelling, on the way to another country. 3rd the right to fly from one's own country to another 4th the right to fly from another country to one's own 5th the right to fly between two foreign countries during flights while the flight originates or ends in one's own country 6th the right to fly from a foreign country to another one while stopping in one's own country for non-technical reasons.
I will provide you the one of the best tour escort , whose working in travel agency from last 15 years as well as he has all this following qualities:-
1) Receiving the group. 2) Baggage handling and room allocation. 3) Providing tour information. 4) Food arrangement. 5) Giving personal call and wake up call. 6) Providing sight seen arrangement. 7) Providing shopping activities. 8) Games and entertainment shows. [email_address]
Simultaneously I am giving you a free pick and drop facility from airport to hotel from Hotel to airport & all for sight seeing (it goes same for all your 4 countries).
As it is Vacation Season so many people will be planning for tour, so if you will get me more 5 customer, then I can give you discount of Rs. 10,000/-
If you will take my tour package then I can provide you with the free membership card of my Tours and travels, in which you can go for a tour twice in a year with the total discount of Rs. 5000/-. Apart from that with the help of my membership card you can visit to any Hotel for accommodation across India with total 10% of discounts .
[email_address] XYZ XYZ TOURS & TRAVELS Countries UAE & FRANCE MALAYSIA,& SPAIN No. of Nights 9 NIGHTS & 9 DAYS 6 DAYS & 7 NIGHTS Costing 2,98,668 RS. 4,09,769 RS. Documents required Passport, 1 Schengen Visa, Health certificate. Ticket. Passport, different visa for all countries, No health insurance, ticket.
[email_address] Tour Guide √ X Free Transportation √ X Breakfast included in Room Charges √ √ Dinner Provided √ X Complimentary Tour √ X Membership √ X Discount √ X
The itinerary I have made is better than any other because it requires lesser documents. The price is also less compared to any other Tour. Keeping in mind our client choice We are also giving free transportation for airport to hotel and hotel to sight seeing places.