The Wonderful World of Poetry English 9
Structure of Poetry <ul><li>Stanza </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A section of poetry – the “paragraph” of a poem </li></ul></ul><u...
Structure of Poetry <ul><li>Meter – a.k.a. rhythm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The pattern of beats or stresses </li></ul></ul><u...
Sounds of Poetry <ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of beginning consonant sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Sounds of Poetry <ul><li>Assonance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of vowel sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“weak and w...
Pictures of Poetry <ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calling a thing something it is not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I...
Pictures of Poetry <ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparing two things by using the words “like” or “as” </li></ul><...
Stories of Poetry <ul><li>Ballad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A song-like poem that tells a story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four...
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Poetry 9 Terms Review

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A review of the terms we studied during our poetry unit for English 9

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Poetry 9 Terms Review

  1. 1. The Wonderful World of Poetry English 9
  2. 2. Structure of Poetry <ul><li>Stanza </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A section of poetry – the “paragraph” of a poem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When any element of language is used more than once </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rhyme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of sounds at the end of words </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Structure of Poetry <ul><li>Meter – a.k.a. rhythm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The pattern of beats or stresses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be specific and consistent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free verse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poetry not written in a regular meter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually does not rhyme </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Sounds of Poetry <ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of beginning consonant sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consonance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of consonant sounds not at the beginning </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sounds of Poetry <ul><li>Assonance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of vowel sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“weak and weary” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of words that imitate sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buzz, thud, hiss </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Pictures of Poetry <ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calling a thing something it is not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It implies a comparison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is a rock. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive language used to create pictures in the mind of the reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeals to the five senses </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Pictures of Poetry <ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparing two things by using the words “like” or “as” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“caught two in his hands like squirming puppies” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving a non-human thing human characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“death sat there huge; how could we slip away?” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Stories of Poetry <ul><li>Ballad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A song-like poem that tells a story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four to six line stanzas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular rhythm and rhyme schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Refrain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A repeated line or group of lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to a chorus in a song </li></ul></ul>

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