Poetry 9 Terms Review

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A review of the terms we studied during our poetry unit for English 9

A review of the terms we studied during our poetry unit for English 9

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  • REFERENCING TO GROUP : '36 POETRY IN THE WORLD'

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  • 1. The Wonderful World of Poetry English 9
  • 2. Structure of Poetry
    • Stanza
      • A section of poetry – the “paragraph” of a poem
    • Repetition
      • When any element of language is used more than once
    • Rhyme
      • Repetition of sounds at the end of words
  • 3. Structure of Poetry
    • Meter – a.k.a. rhythm
      • The pattern of beats or stresses
      • Can be specific and consistent
    • Free verse
      • Poetry not written in a regular meter
      • Usually does not rhyme
  • 4. Sounds of Poetry
    • Alliteration
      • Repetition of beginning consonant sounds
      • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
    • Consonance
      • Repetition of consonant sounds not at the beginning
  • 5. Sounds of Poetry
    • Assonance
      • Repetition of vowel sounds
      • “weak and weary”
    • Onomatopoeia
      • The use of words that imitate sounds
      • Buzz, thud, hiss
  • 6. Pictures of Poetry
    • Metaphor
      • Calling a thing something it is not
      • It implies a comparison.
      • He is a rock.
    • Imagery
      • Descriptive language used to create pictures in the mind of the reader
      • Appeals to the five senses
  • 7. Pictures of Poetry
    • Simile
      • Comparing two things by using the words “like” or “as”
      • “caught two in his hands like squirming puppies”
    • Personification
      • Giving a non-human thing human characteristics
      • “death sat there huge; how could we slip away?”
  • 8. Stories of Poetry
    • Ballad
      • A song-like poem that tells a story
      • Four to six line stanzas
      • Regular rhythm and rhyme schemes
    • Refrain
      • A repeated line or group of lines
      • Similar to a chorus in a song