About World War I <ul><li>World War I was a nineteenth-century war fought with twentieth-century weapons; the military tactics lagged behind the capabilities of the weaponry. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, casualties were staggering and the wounds extraordinary and appalling. </li></ul><ul><li>Although some soldiers came home with psychological wounds and others with illnesses, some were simply ripped apart. </li></ul>
About World War I <ul><li>It has been estimated that more than 12 percent of all injured soldiers suffered from facial wounds. Perhaps a third of these unfortunate men were permanently disfigured. </li></ul><ul><li>Polite society sometimes shunned them. Much of the support the hundreds of decorated veterans received was from their fellow victims. </li></ul>
About World War I <ul><li>Attempting to dignify their experience, they bonded together to form mutual-aid societies. </li></ul>
Hemingway’s experience <ul><li>Parts of this story describe experiences much like Hemingway’s own as a Red Cross volunteer during World War I. He didn’t take part in the fighting; he was an ambulance driver. </li></ul><ul><li>During one run he was hit by several fragments from a mortar shell and wounded. For this he received medals and glowing citations. </li></ul>
About the story <ul><li>True to Hemingway’s style, this story of a soldier in a World War I military hospital describes a time, but does not create and then resolve a single conflict . </li></ul><ul><li>The narrator, an American serving as an officer in the Italian army during World War I, recuperates after a serious injury to his leg. </li></ul>
About the story <ul><li>He befriends other wounded soldiers, but once they decide his medals were awarded because he is an American while theirs were won for acts of valor and self-sacrifice, he feels isolated from them. </li></ul><ul><li>The narrator is “in another country” both physically and emotionally. It is a place where he feels no connection to anyone else. </li></ul>
As You Read <ul><li>Read the story (pp. 809-814) </li></ul><ul><li>Write a double-entry diary, asking 5 questions of the text </li></ul><ul><li>Tie the questions to specific points – no generalizing the whole story. </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to share your questions with others – so make them legitimate. </li></ul>
Citation <ul><li>Information from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prentice Hall Literature: Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes, the American Experience (Teacher’s Edition) . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. 806. </li></ul></ul>
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