Communication Notes Speeches are FUN!!!
Communication~ <ul><li>the process of sharing information by using symbols to send and receive messages </li></ul><ul><li>...
The Communication Process~ <ul><li>Message  – content (ideas/feelings) </li></ul><ul><li>Sender  – sends the message </li>...
Symbols (signals)~ <ul><li>Verbal symbols – words </li></ul><ul><li>Non-verbal symbols – gestures, facial expressions, sou...
Settings ~ where it takes place <ul><li>Informal  ~ casual, unstructured, usually spontaneous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talkin...
Audience and interference~ <ul><li>Interference – something that gets in the way of communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ph...
Standard American English~ <ul><li>language that follows the rules of grammar and composition books </li></ul><ul><li>It’s...
Sublanguages~ <ul><li>Jargon  – specialized vocabulary understood by a particular group ( computer, football, teaching) </...
Denotation vs. Connotation~ <ul><li>Denotation  – dictionary definition of a word  </li></ul><ul><li>Connotation  – hidden...
To Help Create Attention… <ul><li>Enthusiasm –  vigorous speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Organization-  audience can clearly see...
Creating Attention con’t. <ul><li>Body language  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facial expressions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye c...
Creating Attention con’t. <ul><li>Paralanguage –  non-verbal communication that involves using voice, variation, extraneou...
The End!!! Hallelujah
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Communication Process

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Notes on the communications process

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Communication Process

  1. 1. Communication Notes Speeches are FUN!!!
  2. 2. Communication~ <ul><li>the process of sharing information by using symbols to send and receive messages </li></ul><ul><li>Intrapersonal – communicating with oneself </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal – communication between two or more people </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Communication Process~ <ul><li>Message – content (ideas/feelings) </li></ul><ul><li>Sender – sends the message </li></ul><ul><li>Receiver – receives the message </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback - a return message </li></ul>
  4. 4. Symbols (signals)~ <ul><li>Verbal symbols – words </li></ul><ul><li>Non-verbal symbols – gestures, facial expressions, sounds such as laughter, clapping, whistling </li></ul>
  5. 5. Settings ~ where it takes place <ul><li>Informal ~ casual, unstructured, usually spontaneous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking in class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking on the phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking with friends in the commons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Formal ~ a situation where you can plan ahead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speeches in class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job interview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Audience and interference~ <ul><li>Interference – something that gets in the way of communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical – noises (whispers, coughing, binders) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological – thoughts and feelings that distract people from listening (a fight with Mom, upcoming date) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic – strong negative feelings from words used (“This place is a dump.”) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Standard American English~ <ul><li>language that follows the rules of grammar and composition books </li></ul><ul><li>It’s widely accepted and used; therefore, it’s understood by many regions and cultures </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sublanguages~ <ul><li>Jargon – specialized vocabulary understood by a particular group ( computer, football, teaching) </li></ul><ul><li>Slang – recently coined words or phrases or old words used in a new way (phat, nerd, dweeb / hot, cool, bad) </li></ul><ul><li>Dialect – regional/cultural variety of language differing from S.A.E. in pronunciation, grammar, word choice, etc. (“He don’t care.” you/ you’all/ you ‘uns/ youse) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Denotation vs. Connotation~ <ul><li>Denotation – dictionary definition of a word </li></ul><ul><li>Connotation – hidden meaning, powerful feelings and associations that the word arouses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bigmouthed vs. chatty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>careful vs. timid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>childish vs. youthful </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. To Help Create Attention… <ul><li>Enthusiasm – vigorous speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Organization- audience can clearly see where the speaker is going </li></ul><ul><li>Variety – presentation, language, supporting materials, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarity – tailor-make examples so audience can relate </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul>
  11. 11. Creating Attention con’t. <ul><li>Body language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facial expressions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Creating Attention con’t. <ul><li>Paralanguage – non-verbal communication that involves using voice, variation, extraneous sounds to communicate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker’s use of pauses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker’s use of extraneous words/sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound of a person’s voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch – up and down in scale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volume – loud or soft </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rate – fast or slow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quality/tone of voice </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The End!!! Hallelujah

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