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Communication Process
 

Communication Process

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Notes on the communications process

Notes on the communications process

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    Communication Process Communication Process Presentation Transcript

    • Communication Notes Speeches are FUN!!!
    • Communication~
      • the process of sharing information by using symbols to send and receive messages
      • Intrapersonal – communicating with oneself
      • Interpersonal – communication between two or more people
    • The Communication Process~
      • Message – content (ideas/feelings)
      • Sender – sends the message
      • Receiver – receives the message
      • Feedback - a return message
    • Symbols (signals)~
      • Verbal symbols – words
      • Non-verbal symbols – gestures, facial expressions, sounds such as laughter, clapping, whistling
    • Settings ~ where it takes place
      • Informal ~ casual, unstructured, usually spontaneous
        • Talking in class
        • Talking on the phone
        • Talking with friends in the commons
      • Formal ~ a situation where you can plan ahead
        • Speeches in class
        • Job interview
        • Reporters
        • Drama
    • Audience and interference~
      • Interference – something that gets in the way of communication
        • Physical – noises (whispers, coughing, binders)
        • Psychological – thoughts and feelings that distract people from listening (a fight with Mom, upcoming date)
        • Semantic – strong negative feelings from words used (“This place is a dump.”)
    • Standard American English~
      • language that follows the rules of grammar and composition books
      • It’s widely accepted and used; therefore, it’s understood by many regions and cultures
    • Sublanguages~
      • Jargon – specialized vocabulary understood by a particular group ( computer, football, teaching)
      • Slang – recently coined words or phrases or old words used in a new way (phat, nerd, dweeb / hot, cool, bad)
      • Dialect – regional/cultural variety of language differing from S.A.E. in pronunciation, grammar, word choice, etc. (“He don’t care.” you/ you’all/ you ‘uns/ youse)
    • Denotation vs. Connotation~
      • Denotation – dictionary definition of a word
      • Connotation – hidden meaning, powerful feelings and associations that the word arouses
        • Examples:
          • bigmouthed vs. chatty
          • careful vs. timid
          • childish vs. youthful
    • To Help Create Attention…
      • Enthusiasm – vigorous speaker
      • Organization- audience can clearly see where the speaker is going
      • Variety – presentation, language, supporting materials, etc.
      • Familiarity – tailor-make examples so audience can relate
      • Appearance
    • Creating Attention con’t.
      • Body language
        • Facial expressions
        • Eye contact
        • Gestures
        • Posture
        • Movement
    • Creating Attention con’t.
      • Paralanguage – non-verbal communication that involves using voice, variation, extraneous sounds to communicate
        • Speaker’s use of pauses
        • Speaker’s use of extraneous words/sounds
        • Sound of a person’s voice
          • Pitch – up and down in scale
          • Volume – loud or soft
          • Rate – fast or slow
          • Quality/tone of voice
    • The End!!! Hallelujah