Clr ppt

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Clr ppt

  1. 1. HEALTH AND SAFETY FOR WORKERS SHEBINA. A
  2. 2. Who is responsible for health and safety in your local authority? • EVERYONE! • The employer – overall responsibility for health and safety • The chief executive – responsibility for implementing and managing the health and safety strategy and policy for the authority. • Line managers – day to day responsibility for themselves, their employees and others, including members of the public. • Employees – responsibility for themselves and others.
  3. 3. When things go wrong – the law • As an employer, your authority has a legal duty to protect its workers and contractors as well as the public • If your authority breaks health and safety law, it could be prosecuted or issued with an improvement or prohibition notice. • If someone is killed, injured or made ill by their work, or a member of the public is harmed because of your authority’s negligence, it could be taken to court.
  4. 4. When things go wrong – the cost of accidents You may have insurance to cover the cost of accidents, but you’ll have to pay the indirect costs. These are often greater and include:  Sick pay  Extra wages or overtime  Fines and legal costs  Repairing damages to machines, equipment or property.  Increased insurance premiums.
  5. 5. When things go wrong – the cost of ill health Work related ill health caused by common illnesses and medical conditions can: Reduce productivity Increase the cost of hiring new staff Result in civil claims or retirements with enhanced benefits These will an have an impact on your budget.
  6. 6. Benefits Of A Safe And Healthy Workplace Organizations can become more effective if they have safer and healthy work places. Because: •They can have fewer day lost. Therefore they have higher productivity •They can increase efficiency and quality. Because they have healthier workforce. •They can reduce medical and insurance costs. •They can improve a good prestige. Everybody wants to work with them.
  7. 7. Results Of An Unsafe And Unhealthy Workplace The important results are: –Injury and Disease –Mental Health –Death and Violence –Economic Costs
  8. 8. Workplace Safety Program • Purpose- To reduce work-related injury & illness • Content- The program should include any policy, procedure, training that protects workers from workrelated injury and illness while on the job. • Concerns- Promote & reward safe practices at work, reducing injuries & illnesses at work and eliminating lifeless at work.
  9. 9. Co-Workers Affect Each other’s Safety • Employees’ health and safety are affected not only by their own actions but by those of their co-workers. • Senior management must: Help employees manage hazards associated with their work (tasks or responsibilities). They must determine that employees are fit for work.
  10. 10. Allow for Continuous Improvement • • • • Seeking better ways to work Measuring performance Reporting against set targets Evaluating compliance with procedures, standards and regulations • Understanding the causes of incidents and injuries • Openly acknowledging and promptly correcting deficiencies.
  11. 11. What are your rights? The most important of these rights are: •as far as possible, to have any risks to your health and safety properly controlled •to be provided with any personal protective and safety equipment free of charge •to stop work and leave your work area, without being disciplined if you have reasonable concerns about your safety •to tell your employer about any health and safety concerns you have •to have rest breaks during the working day •to have time off from work during the working week •to have annual paid holiday.
  12. 12. Duties of care
  13. 13. Health and Safety Program A Health & Safety Program consists of clearly defined actions to implement the health and safety policy. The numbers of elements depend on organizational needs. Following are common elements of a health and safety program: Leadership and administration Management training Workplace inspections Task analysis and procedures Accident/incident investigation Task observation
  14. 14. Emergency preparedness Organizational rules Accident/incident analysis Employee training Personal protective equipment (PPE) Program evaluation system Engineering controls Personal communications Group meetings General promotion Hiring and placement Purchasing controls Off-the-job safety Evaluation and continuous improvement
  15. 15. Selection of committee members The employer appoints management members of the committee. In a unionized workplace, the union selects employee members. If not specified in the legislation, selection is to be made according to the terms of reference established by your workplace. The health and safety legislation generally states that a health and safety committee must: • Consist of at least one-half worker (employee) representatives who have been elected or selected by the employees or their union; • Meet regularly - consult your legislation about the frequency of meetings. Some jurisdictions require committee meetings at least once every three months while others require monthly meetings; • Two co-chairpersons- a management chairperson and a employee chairperson. In practice, most Health and Safety Committees have equal numbers of management and worker members.
  16. 16. The chartered institute of personnel and development estimates that for local government sickness absence costs over £584 per worker per year. The biggest single cause of absence in local government is attributed to common mental health problems including anxiety, stress and depression, accounting for around 23% of all days off work.
  17. 17. Getting health and safety right…. Saves lives Keep people from harm Improves morale among the workforce Saves money Improves efficiency Sends out a positive message to others, including employees, contractors and the electorale Sets a good example
  18. 18. How can you help to get health and safety right?  Policy:Make sure your authority has a policy that:  Defines the structure of health and safety risk management.  Says how it should function  Identifies the people who have specific roles and responsibilities.  Is communicated to all employees  Is reviewed periodically  Management:Its recommended that your cabinet or executive should:  Set targets for reducing injuries and ill health  Get reports on specific incidents or accidents  Get regular reports on health and safety performance  Report publicly on health and safety performance.
  19. 19.  Advice:Make sure you and your authority get:  The right advice from competent health and safety professionals.  Sound occupational health advice.  Training: Training makes people safer and reduces accidents and incidents  Everyone needs some form of health and safety training: • Elected members need to know their broad strategic responsibilities and recognise the resources needed. • Managers and supervisors need training to help them plan work safely and understand the implications if they don’t • ‘front line’ employees need basic training, example on safe system of work

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