Framing Elements (contd.) Stringer #12 #12 Stringer
Front End Loader Front end loader is used in the early stages like a backhoe, but is not meant for digging. It is used to move dirt and gravel or anything necessary. It doesn’t just push dirt like a bulldozer, it also picks it up
Gypsum Board Gypsum board is gypsum in between two sheets of paper. A material used for walls and ceilings. Also known as sheet rock or drywall.
Heat pump Air handling unit The air handler circulates air through the house and moves the air over coils. An advantage is that you do not need separate heating and cooling units. A disadvantage is that it only works in mild climates Compressor/Evaportator The compressor pressurizes and circulates refridgerentgas to produce heat or cooling in the coils.
Insulation Loose fill insulation Insulation is a material used that has a low conductivity to help keep heat and cold air through the structure or assembly.
Lintel A lintel is a beam that carries a load of an opening.
Mortar Joints A flush joint istroweledand this one is 3/8” thick. It is a residence and I would guess type N mortar Flush Joint
Mortar Joints (Contd.) Concave Concave Raked joint-it is tooled, this is also your typical 3/8” thick. It is located on an column. Probably type N mortar.
Oriented Strand Board A type of sheathing similar to plywood. It is not veneered, and it is strands of wood that is bonded together by pressure in specific directions. Its typical dimensions are 4’ by 8’.
Plumbing Water closet Typical 3” piping used to drain. A lavatory is a sink and it typically uses 1.5” piping to drain it.
Plumbing (Contd.) drop in sink This plumbing vent is letting the gas from plumbing pipes escape through the roof instead of coming back into the house.
Plywood 4’ by 8’ sheets Plywood is a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. Veneer is a thin layer or sheet.
Rebar This is #6 rebar, meaning it is 3/4” in diameter. It is tied together to form a rebar mat that will be placed in a footing. It will be used to reinforce the concrete, the deformations are helpful because the concrete can mold to the rebar.
Steep Roof Drainage Downspout- vertical piping used to drain water from roof to lower level or ground. downspout gutter Gutter-channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof Splashblock-small piece of concrete or plastic used to divert water at bottom of the downspout
Steep Roof Materials Underlayment- Underlayment helps keep moisture and any penetration out of the sheathing.
Steep Roof Materials (contd.) Clay Tile Clay tile Shingle-small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to render a wall or sloping roof water tight.
Steep Roof Materials (Contd.) Metal roof- This is simply a sheet metal roof made of galvanized steel
Steep Roof Terms ridge Valley-trough formed by the intersection of two parts of a roof Rake-sloping edge of a steep roof valley Ridge-level intersection of two roof planes in a gable vent. rake
Steep Roof Terms (Contd.) Eave Eave-horizontal edge at the low side of a roof. Eave with no Fascia Eve with no fascia Fascia Eave with no fascia- has no board or face to the eave. Fascia-horizontal surface which spans across the top of a wall
Steep Roof Terms (contd.) soffit Soffit-undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially a roof overhang.
Stone Coursed Ashlar Random rubble Random ashlar Coursed Rubble
Weep hole Weep hole/wick Weep hole or wick allows water to drain from where it has seeped through the mortar. Weep hole/Wick
Welded Wire Fabric The grid is 6” x 6” The welded wire fabric is placed to increase the tensil strength of the concrete.
Windows This is an awning window because it is hinged at the top of the window.
Windows (contd.) This is an outswinging casement window because it is hinged at the side and it swings outward. This is a double hung Window because of the ability to slide up