Jesus and His Pedagogy in Teaching ICCTE Conference 2012, Azusa, CA. Linda Chiang & HeeKap Lee
Truth• "I believe in Christianity as I believe that the sun has risen, not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else." from C.S. Lewis, Weight of Glory, "Is Theology Poetry?"
Truth• Jesus was equipped with the personal qualifications for teaching;• Jesus modeled the pedagogical way of teaching• When He finished the teaching “the crowds were amazed at His teaching (Matthew 7:28-29)
Truth• Jesus’ teaching allowed certain levels of uncertainty and ambiguity;• Jesus’ teaching met the profoundest needs and demands of human nature;• Jesus was enthusiastic to change society through teaching.
Purpose of this Inquiry• To explore a comprehensive framework of Christian education;• To build a community of shalom;• To appreciate Jesus’ characters as a human and God• To practice Jesus pedagogy by following the APU 4 cornerstones.
Jesus’ Character (Horne,1998)Physical strength Loveskill Self-controlPower to heal the body Self-sacrificePrudence JoyousnessPleasure in social life GratitudeLove of nature ModestyFriendliness DependenceLove of children PrayerfulnessPassion for service Artistic feelingJustice AlertnessAuthority PositivenessSense of mission Self-respectLove of truth SincerityCourage Dialectic skillInformation SpiritualityHorne (1998)
Education always matters• God, the Teacher• Jesus – Everyday I sat in the temple court, teaching (Matt 26:55) God, the Spirit Leader -- Holy Spirit will teach you (Luke 12:12)
Education: A Sense of Community• 1. Accept who we are as a body of Christ– listen and reflect.• 2. Demonstrate hospitality– facilitate comfort and care.• 3. Fellowship and share truth— strengthen relationships(Call, 2011)
Christian Education Model FORMATIVE EVALUATION Community of Shalom CONTEXTUALIZED Imago Dei PEDAGOGY INQUIRY-BASED METHOD TEACHING FOR RECONCILIATION
Model Overview Components DescriptionsFoundational Concept Imago Dei All humans created in God’s imageEnabling Direction Teaching for ReconciliationInterventions Method Inquiry-based Instruction Content Contextualized Pedagogy Assessment Formative EvaluationGoal of Education Building a Community of Shalom
Imago Dei implementation• We must have a unique respect for human life: Every human being possesses an inherent dignity, meaning and worth• It is the teachers recognition of the uniqueness and value of each individual, evidenced in their treating all students with dignity, even love.
Teaching for Reconciliation• Creation, Fall, Redemption• Even though now laboring under the effect of the Fall, it is still a good creation• Structure vs. Direction (Wolters, 2005): – It is the direction that we are to engage in.• Human beings as God’s representatives on earth carry on where God left• Restoring our relationship with Creator – The purpose of Christian education is therapeutic & redemptive
Inquiry-based approach• Teaching process of Jesus• From Information to Formation – Guiding inquiry with intriguing questions. – Allowing exploration of a hypothesis – Stimulate learners’ interest through a variety of instruction methods
Contextualized Pedagogy• Education should be contextualized• Contextualization is a continual process• To love communicationally is to put oneself to whatever inconvenience necessary to assure that the receptors understand (Kraft, 1991)• Stages of contextualized education – Decontextualization – Contextualization – Recontextualization
Formative evalutionFormative vs. Summative Evaluation- Process vs. Product- Check for Understanding vs. Final JudgmentFormative evaluation- Learners’ active participation in the pedagogical process- Individual teaching/learning process- Preparing students for the summative assessment that comes at the end of their struggles
• Biblical examples of formative evaluation – Individual teaching process: God tests/assesses, and allows to grow – Peter’s denials Jesus three times and Jesus restored him by saying, “feed my lambs” three times – Jesus’ three years’ staying with his disciples. His time is formative, the summative conclusions on their lives and faith will come later – “For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope” (Romans 15:4)
Essential Goal of Education• Build a community of shalom – Lion lies with the lamb• Inner wholeness of the fulfilled person: – Upward & outward; – Everything exists in the order as God created; – A command to humans living here and now; – Personal, communal, Reciprocal Transformation (Palmer,2003)
Selected References• Call, C. (2010). The rough trail to authentic pedagogy: Incorporating hospitality, fellowship, and testimony into the classroom. In Smith, D. I. & Smith, J. K. A. (Eds.), Teaching and Christian practices. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.• Horne, H. (1998). Jesus the teacher. Grand Rapid, MI: Kregel Publications.• Palmer, P. (2003). Toward a spirituality of higher education. In Henry, D. & Agee, B. (Eds.), Faithful learning and the Christian scholarly vocation, 75-84.• Walters, A. (2005). Creation regained. Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub.