Connected speech features
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  • 1. Connected speech Communication....  Chat...talk...sing... let’s string words together!
  • 2. What is connected speech? Fluent speech flows with a rhythm and the words bump into each other. To make speech flow smoothly the way we pronounce the end and beginning of some words can change depending on the sounds at the beginning and end of those words.
  • 3. Features of connected speech Linking sounds  Consonant to vowel linking – when the first word ends with a consonant sound and the second word begins with a vowel sound. E.g. Fried egg / a box oveggs / cupov tea /doyer?  Vowel to vowel linking –when the first word ends in a vowel and the next words begins with a vowel sound. We add a ‘w’ or ‘y’ sound.E.g.’ go in’ / say it/do it/two eggs/ hiya! / cudyer?  Consonant to consonant linking – when the first word ends in a consonant and the next one begins with a consonant sound. We don’t hear both separately, we just hear one. E.g. We only hear one /t/ E.g. A bit tired / lot to do
  • 4. Features of connected speech Disappearing sounds In rapid speech the /t/ or the /g/ sound at the end of the word often disappears completely if there are consonant sounds either side. e.g. next week / can’t swim/ going for . This also happens with the /d/ sound. e.g. sandwich – san(d)wich. Fish and chips – fish an chips/bread an cheese. The /h/ sound is often deleted. E.g. You shouldn’t (h)ave told (h)im/ We could (h)ave. The unstressed schwa(ɘ) is often lost. E.g. t(o)night/ got t(o)ave.
  • 5. Features of connected speech  Weak sounds There are a large number of words in English which can have a ‘full’ form or a ‘weak’ form. This is because English is a stress timed language, and in trying to make the intervals between stressed syllables equal, to give us rhythm, we tend to swallow non-essential words. Thus, we lose pronouns, conjunctions, prepositions, auxiliaries and articles. E.g. And – a table ‘n chair Can – She c/ɘ/n speak English Of – A cup ov coffee Have – Av you finished? Should – You sh/ɘ/d av told me. The verb ‘to be’ – I’m He’s
  • 6. Features of connected speech  Changing Sounds Listen to two words said individually, then listen to them in a sentence – Can you hear the difference? Sometimes the sound at the end of the first word takes on the quality of the sound at the beginning of the second word. e.g. She’s a good girl. This is to do with the place in the mouth where we make the sounds. E.g. When we say /b/ or /p/ we can feel that both your lips are pressed together. When we say /t/ or /d/ or /n/ we can feel that our tongue is touching above our top teeth. When you say /k/ or /g/ or the –ng sound, we can feel the back of our tongue touching the roof of our mouth.
  • 7. Examples: Good girl – goog girl/goob boy Ten pounds – tem pounds Good mornin – goob mornin Not quite – nok quite So..
  • 8. To sum up....  So let’s connect and Connected speech chat!!! consists of: Linking sounds Disappearing sounds Weak sounds Changing sounds
  • 9. Practice and patience!
  • 10. Helpful websites to chat andpractice! www.bbclearningenglish.com www.englishcentral.com www.elllo.org/ www.cambridgeenglishonline.com/Phonetics
  • 11. Bibliography Books Underhill, A. (2005). Sound foundations. Oxford. Macmillan Publishers Ltd. Internet sites Talk about English (July 2005). Retrieved 5 June 2010 from www.bbclearningenglish.com Connected speech.(2006). Retrieved from www.eslsite.com/rd/Pronounciation/connected_speech.html Learning English – I would like to buy a hamburger. Retrieved from www.youtube.com