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Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
Dr.shazia zamir presentation
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Dr.shazia zamir presentation

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Transcript

  • 1. BY DR.SHAZIA ZAMIR NUML
  • 2.  Definition  Importance  Models of stress  Causes  Consequences  solutions
  • 3.  Second biggest occupational health problem  Affects 1 in 3 employees (41.2 million)  Costs €20 billion per year
  • 4.  ….A force which acts on a body, setting up strains within it according to its load-carrying capacity, flexibility and tolerance.
  • 5. ...our body’s physical and emotional reaction to circumstances or events that frighten, irritate, confuse, endanger, or excite us According to Richard S Lazarus, stress is a feeling experienced when a person thinks that "the demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize."
  • 6. PERFORMANCE STRESS *CONTROLABILITY*
  • 7. • Organizational change • Poor working relationships in the workplace • Workload • Flexible working • Workplace environment • The job itself • Job control • Job insecurity
  • 8.  Work overload/under load  Managerial style  Lack of participation  Role Problems  Role Overload  Role Insufficiency  Role Ambiguity/Role conflict  Others
  • 9.  Physical effects  Emotional effects  Workplace effects  Other effects
  • 10.  Set realistic goals and priorities  Encourage good time- management techniques  Take short breaks after a particularly stressful event  Rehearse and prepare  Hazardous working conditions
  • 11.  Don’t procrastinate  Know your limits  Change your attitudes  Learn to say "no“  Schedule your stress  Encourage employees to treat their body right
  • 12.  Encourage positive self-talk  Give positive reinforcement  Set up employee recognition programs  Most important, MAINTAIN A SENSE OF HUMOR   Say "yes" when you can and "no" when you can't.   Others
  • 13.  Industrial accidents  Illness – lost days  Poor decision making  Reduced creativity  Increased labour turnover
  • 14.  Heart disease  Stroke  Cancer  Musculoskeletal diseases  Gastrointestinal diseases  Anxiety & depressive disorders  Accidents & suicide
  • 15.  Absenteeism  Turnover  ⇓ turnover  ⇓ productivity  Poor safety  ⇑ staff compensation -claims  ⇓ morale  ⇓ creativity
  • 16.  Encourage expression of feelings  Help identify stressors  Relieve pressures  Facilitate adaptation
  • 17.  Keep life in perspective  Exercise  Learn to relax  Take time to work  Avoid frustrations  Take time to play
  • 18.  Set realistic expectations  Develop productive work skills  Don’t bottle up things  Laugh often and loud  Live in the present
  • 19.  We need some stress to perform at peak levels  Help others deal with stress – talk (don’t complain)  Be prepared -- take time to “sharpen the saw”  People and situations cause stress control both
  • 20.  Avoid frustration  Exercise  Smile  Be around those you like  Enjoy sunsets

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